Matthew Goode partner

While Matthew Goode frees the knot of a complicated relationship between a vampire and witch on a TV show, he relishes marital life with a lovey-dovey wife, Sophie Dymoke, in Surrey. The duo has witnessed the afar success of long-term relationships turning into wedding bliss. Matthew Goode Partner at Hollander, Goode & Lopez, PA Miami/Fort Lauderdale Area 157 connections. Join to Connect. Hollander, Goode & Lopez, PA. Nova Southeastern University Shepard Broad College ... Matthew Goode, a charming English actor who starred alongside Benedict Cumberbatch in The Imitation Game (2014) is the winner of 2014 Fangoria Chainsaw Awards.Known for his work in romantic comedy Leap Year and Australian drama Burning Man, Matthew is also in the limelight for his perfect relationship with his wife, Sophie Dymoke.. Matthew and Sophie are married for around four years and are ... Goode was born on April 3, 1978, in Exeter, Devon, England, the UK as Matthew William Goode. His nickname is Goodey. Her height is 6' 2' (1.88 m) tall. His birth sign is Aries. Goode has four siblings. a brother, two half-brothers, and a half-sister. He attended Exeter School, University of Birmingham and London's Webber Douglas Academy of ... Sophie Dymoke has been in a long relationship with her partner Matthew William Goode for a long time and the couple is blessed with three children. There is a conflicting report about whether the two got married or not. Matthew Goode Matthew Goode appeared in the show towards the end of its run, playing Henry Talbot. The actor married his long-term partner Sophie Dymoke in 2014 after being in a relationship for ...

ProntoForms (TSXV:PFM) - CDN Small-Cap Play Pt II

2020.09.23 15:22 beta-one ProntoForms (TSXV:PFM) - CDN Small-Cap Play Pt II

Good morning. I'm back with a new small-cap play out of the Great White North. Some of you may recall I had a write-up on a company by the name of Converge Technology Solutions (TSXV:CTS) several months ago when the stock was ~$1.30. The stock has run up to about $2.30 with a bought deal financing announced yesterday (the second one in 4 months!) for $20m at $2.05. Hopefully some people did well on that name and I still believe it is a hold with a price target now raised from my original $2.50-$3 to $3.00-$3.50.
My next play is ProntoForms (TSXV:PFM) - a pure SaaS company with traditional SaaS metrics. From a high level - they develop workflow forms on mobile devices for field workers. Simple right?
Yes. Very simple idea in theory. But what happens when you need your forms to talk to each other? What happens when you want the information collected to go straight to head-office and quick analytics run on it? What happens when If A, open form B, but if A has caveat X, open form C. Might be simple on Excel, but not so simple to translate into a working solution out on the field.
I should clarify a bit. When I see field worker I mean guys in Oil & gas field (PG&E), elevator repair men/women (Otis), facilities management teams/HVAC (Johnson Controls). Those brackets? Yea, those are ProntoForms clients. Download the investor deck from their website and you will see all of those names. These are what the clients call "Enterprise Clients" which consist of companies that pay more than $100k annually in revenue. These types of companies account for 38% of total ARR which is impressive.
The Investment thesis: digitalization of the workforce was already happening. COVID has expedited this. That's not a novel idea, but ProntoForms has a head start. They've been going at this for a decade and with customers like the ones listed above (just to name a few) they already have inroads with massive accounts. I expect huge contracts out of some of these names of the coming year or so.
Let's jump into the financials a bit. Like any good SaaS company I'm going to refer to some traditional SaaS metrics but mainly Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR). (All numbers are in USD).
ARR as of Q2 2020 was USD $16.1m compared to $13.7m in '19. 18% growth in crazy COVID times compared to 26% growth form '18 to '19. I'll take it. This revenue has a margin of 90%. Churn rate for the company has historically been less than 5% annually.
Total revenue consists of a recurring component (about 90% of the total base) and 10% professional services (i.e. maintenance and implementation fees). Total revenue recognized in '19 was 15.1m while analysts have them doing about 17.1m this year (15% growth compared to historical growth between 20-30% annually).
Now what about profitability? Well my friends, we are in the world of SaaS where the only black ink involved comes out of eating octopus in Silicon Valley (bit of a stretch but I got nothing better sorry). So there is no real profitability. But that's ok
The company historically shows a loss of $200k-$400k in "non-GAAP op loss" (which is effectively their adjusted EBITDA). However, on a cash flow basis (annually), they are effectively cash neutral. That's the beauty of this size SaaS company - they deferred revenue they receive allows them to fund themselves without having to raise any money. They may show a loss here and there, but there is no need to worry about financing to dilute. With $5m cash on the balance sheet, no worries about financings.
A few more points on this - in Q2 they showed a small profit. That is a function of COVID reducing their ability to travel which is a big part of sales and marketing. That will always be about 50% of revenue - this is a growth story after all.
Ok I'm rambling but a lot more to say. 3 more important points - valuation, ownership and the end game.
Valuation
Right now, about 3.5x 2021 sales. An absolute steal when you look at some of the dog shit companies out there. If this company were in the US, it would be trading at 10x EV/S. SO you're looking at an easy double at minimum.
Ownership
I've never seen such smart money behind this story. A lot of you are going to come out of the woodworks and say "This thing has no liquidity! muh muh my liquidity!". This isn't a liquidity story. This company might as well be private. 80% of the shares are locked up between management and institutions. Pender Funds? Yea, they own just under 20% of this company. Terry Matthews, founder of Mitel, he is a seed investor in PFM and I suspect he owns well over 10% as well. Phil Deck, another big tech investor out of Canada and board member owns a good chunk of this company as well. This is a smart money play.
So what you end up seeing are days in the market where 1m shares trade and then 3 weeks of very little. Those big blocks are US and Canadian institutions hunting down shares to take positions. This is the type of story where you set it and forget it in your RRSP and wait for the end game.
Speaking of: The End Game
Hopefully you've made it this far.
Like my last play CTS, the end game here is a takeout. This will never be a billion dollar market cap because Private Equity or a strategic will come and take it out. Go download the investor presentation and look at the deck - if you come across the channel partner slides you will find several logical buyers.
Don't believe me? Let's look at GoCanvas. Mobile forms based out of the US. They were acquired by PE last year. Details on the transaction are murky but from what I understand it was between 8-10x recurring revenue. That would take us to the above valuation I mentioned earlier or by today's metrics, $160.1m USD. Convert that to Canadian, you're looking at ~216m CDN or $1.80 per share.
Feedback appreciated. Happy to answer questions and defend my thesis.
submitted by beta-one to CanadianInvestor [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 00:18 thatforensicgirl Today Is Going To Be Visual: The Story Of Mark O. Barton's Surreal Killing Spree

Today Is Going To Be Visual: The Story Of Mark O. Barton's Surreal Killing Spree

Background, family life, and early troubles

Mark O. Barton
Mark Orrin Barton was born on April 2, 1955, in Stockbridge, Georgia. He was later raised in South Carolina and grew up as an only child.
Despite an ongoing drug habit that plagued him as a teenager, Barton was able to attend Clemson University, and then the University of South Carolina, where he graduated in 1979 with a degree in chemistry. Barton then moved back to Georgia, residing in Atlanta, and married his longtime sweetheart, Debra Spivey.
Their first child, a son named Matthew, was born in 1988. Their daughter, Michelle, came along in 1991. The Bartons were an average suburban family; Debra got along just fine with most people that she met and she adored being a mother, while Mark was on his way to becoming a successful chemist. Eventually, Barton's employer required him and his family to move to Alabama.
One of the first issues that came to light regarding Mark Barton was his seemingly out-of-the-blue paranoia. Acquaintances believed that the move to Alabama had riddled him with anxiety; he was in a new place, working around strangers, and had no nearby friends or immediate family to contact. This paranoia led him to distrust Debra. On several occasions, he accused her of cheating and threatened to take the kids away. Debra relented and soon ignored his accusations altogether. She reportedly told her parents that she was looking into divorce lawyers, and one friend recalls that Debra mentioned how Mark was physically abusive.
Around this time, Mark Barton had also gotten into trouble with his place of employment. His behavior and poor performance led to him being fired. One night, he broke into the building to sabotage computer data, resulting in him being arrested for burglary. Though he served a short jail sentence, the company declined to pursue further charges as long as Barton stayed away from his boss and limited contact with his former co-workers. This event drove the couple further apart. Bill Spivey, Debra's father, said that, during a phone call, his daughter casually mentioned how "it's a good day" when "Mark doesn't speak to [her]." They eventually refused to sleep in the same bed, with Mark choosing the couch.
One evening, Debra turned the tables on her husband, accusing him of being the unfaithful one. Her suspicions turned out to be true since Mark was, in fact, cheating. He had secretly been dating Leigh Ann Vandiver, a 20-year-old secretary. Vandiver was well-aware that Barton was married and had children, but it didn't stop their affair. Apparently a divorce was also on Mark's radar, and Leigh Ann didn't mind waiting. Her sister, Dana Reeves, expressed concern and chastised her.
"There were several times when I asked [Leigh Ann], 'How well do you know him?' and she would hesitate. When I found out that he was a married man, I was critical of her judgment."
But nothing swayed Leigh Ann's actions. She, too, was caught in a seemingly loveless marriage. She and David Lang had been high school sweethearts. While her family thought it was a match made in Heaven, Leigh Ann had a completely different viewpoint; they had rushed into things and, several months later, she realized that she wanted to be with someone else.
Mark continued to give Leigh Ann empty promises, so she stayed by his side.

1993 double homicide

Debra Barton and her mother, Eloise Spivey
Debra Barton and her mother, Eloise Spivey, had made plans for Labor Day Weekend. They rented a caravan at the Riverside Campground in Cedar Bluff, Alabama while leaving Mark in Atlanta with the kids. The two were last seen alive on the afternoon of September 4, walking peacefully around Riverside.
After failing to hear from his wife and daughter, Bill Spivey contacted a campground employee and asked if they could perform a wellness check. With no response from either Debra or Eloise after knocking on the door of their camper, the authorities were called. Upon making an entrance, two officers discovered the already-decomposing bodies of Debra Barton, aged 36, and Eloise Spivey, aged 59.
The day after Debra and Eloise had arrived at the campground, a man who had gone fishing for several hours was returning back to his caravan when he heard "a real loud fight." This was around 9 p.m., he later told police. He mentioned that he heard both a man and a woman yelling.
Another witness spotted a tall figure jogging away from a camper that turned out to be rented in Eloise Spivey's name. When asked to describe the figure, the witness recalled that it was a male, taller than 6'0" and weighing somewhere over 200 pounds. Unfortunately, the witness did not see a face because it was dark outside and could recall no other details. Another witness gave a similar account, but, instead of jogging, he referred to the figure as "running like [he'd] done something bad."
Though their graves indicate that they were murdered on September 4, a post-mortem investigation reveals that the two women were actually killed on the evening of September 5, which is backed up by the eyewitness accounts of a domestic disturbance coming from Spivey's camper.
An investigator stands by Eloise Spivey's rented camper
Various news sources cite Spivey and Barton as being stabbed, while others refer to their deaths as bludgeonings. However they died, the camper was a mess. The walls and floor were splattered with blood. It was noted that jewelry and cash had been strewn about, but nothing of value had been taken. In fact, a .32-caliber pistol, registered to Spivey, was found on the small kitchen counter. It was speculated that she'd brought the gun with her as a means of self-defense. Since Cedar Bluff and the surrounding areas weren't known to have a high crime rate, especially with violence, police theorize that Spivey was paranoid that "someone she knew" was following her and her daughter. Eerily enough, this proved to be true; the violence inflicted upon Debra Barton and Eloise Spivey appeared to be personal.
Bill Spivey was alerted to the homicides. He then contacted Mark Barton, fearing that he'd have to hear his son-in-law break down and sob over the phone. Oddly enough, Mark was calm and this surprised Bill. The two met up and drove down to Alabama. Bill recalls that Mark "didn't say much" during the car ride.
Riverside Campground in Cedar Bluff, Alabama
When they arrived at Riverside Campground, Bill heard Mark Barton say: "Huh, I've never been here before." He found that remark to be really suspicious and later told a nearby officer. Police were even more baffled at Barton's demeanor and behavior--he acted like nothing bad had happened. Not once did he ask how the pair had been killed. He didn't even appear to be sad. Thinking that Barton was just in shock, the investigation proceeded with officers asking him where he'd been on the evening of September 5. "I was at my house all day," Barton told them nonchalantly. "I was spending time with my kids."
Many had their suspicions about Barton right away. There was a limit as to what Alabama investigators could do, so authorities in Georgia were contacted and informed. Going back and forth, it was confirmed that, yes, Barton did have a criminal record, but nothing violent was found on his record.
A neighbor of the Barton family came forward a few days later, telling investigators that on September 5, he noticed that Barton's car had departed the residence "at some point after four-thirty in the afternoon." Then he mentioned that Barton hadn't returned until close to midnight. This contradicted Barton's claim that he'd been at home all day. If Barton had gone to Cedar Bluff then it would've been close to a two-hour drive. If he'd gotten back around midnight then he would've had plenty of time to go to Alabama, commit the murders, compose himself, and drive back.
Eventually, Mark Barton admitted that, yes, he'd left the house at one point, leaving the kids with Leigh Ann as a babysitter. But he hadn't gone to Alabama, he told them. First, he said he went shopping and then saw a movie; he couldn't provide receipts or a ticket, though. Mark then changed his story, claiming that he went to look for a new job. "That late in the afternoon?" he was asked. Mark Barton recanted everything and asked for a lawyer.
The sheriff went to Debra Barton's funeral to pay his respects. As soon as the service was over, he noticed that Mark was already hurrying outside. Even more shocking, Barton casually waited for a red car to pull up. Behind the wheel was Leigh Ann Vandiver, who had skipped the service altogether. The pair drove off, leaving Matthew and Michelle behind with their widowed grandfather. The sheriff was now definitely convinced that Mark Barton had something to do with the double homicide of his wife and mother-in-law.

Revelations and evidence

Leigh Ann and Mark, pictured in December 1994
Mark Barton and Leigh Ann Vandiver got married in 1995. Bill Spivey was repulsed and reportedly tried to get custody of his grandchildren, fearing that the worst was yet to come. But Mark was granted sole custody because he was their biological father and did all he could to cut Debra's surviving family members out of the picture. Even more so, Mark's own parents were given limited access to Matthew and Michelle.
"After the murders, I barely saw those kids," Bill Spivey once recalled. "I was lucky enough to visit them for their birthdays, but it still wasn't much. [Mark] didn't like having me around because he knew I thought he was guilty."
As the investigation proceeded, it was revealed that Mark Barton had taken out a $600,000 life insurance policy on Debra just a few weeks before she was killed. Of course, as big as this revelation was, it wouldn't have been enough to charge Barton and go to trial.
Mark and Leigh Ann took the kids and moved into an apartment in Stockbridge while investigators did all they could to try and connect Barton to the crime scene. Debra had sustained self-defense wounds, but there was no DNA of the killer underneath her fingernails. The only thing they had that potentially pointed to the killer's identity was vomit that had been discovered in the camper's toilet. This led to numerous theories, one of which being that Barton had thrown up after brutally killing his two family members.
"Whoever did this wasn't exactly a professional," said Richard Igou, one of the investigators. "They either lost control, rampaged, and came down from the adrenaline, or they had this planned but still couldn't stomach it."
In 1993, DNA testing wasn't as advanced as it is today. Even if it had been, vomit usually contains only shed cells, but it wouldn't have been easy to determine who it belonged to. Interrogating Mark Barton on what he had eaten the day his wife and mother-in-law died probably would've been seen as "silly" or useless. But the vomit proved to be a dead-end; the medical examiner, however, confirmed that it didn't belong to Debra Barton or Eloise Spivey, as the puke didn't match anything from the contents found in their stomachs.
The murders soon became a cold case. Anything that pointed to Barton was still on the grounds for speculation. His DNA hadn't been found at the scene, nobody confirmed that it was him who'd been running away from Spivey's camper, and Barton himself was refusing to talk to the authorities as the days went by, so a confession didn't exist or seem evident.
After just a few years of marriage, it's speculated that Leigh Ann wanted a divorce but was hesitant to leave because she feared what Mark would do if he was left alone with Matthew and Michelle
There was a point in the investigation when, in 1998, Leigh Ann was questioned. While she complied more than Barton ever had, she still didn't say much. She told them that she thought Mark was innocent but did admit that his behavior "bothered" her from time to time.
"Leigh Ann," one of the investigators told her, "if you don't feel safe living with him, or if he's threatened you, you need to tell us."
Reportedly, Leigh Ann Barton said that she was fine and that her main priority was making sure Matthew and Michelle were okay. After almost four years of marriage with Mark, there was a strong indication that she no longer viewed him as a successful, charming man. The 26-year-old woman left in a hurry and she never spoke with investigators again.

Barton's day-trading "career"

In 1994, Barton earned close to $600,000 from Debra's life insurance policy
From what we know, Mark Barton used the money he earned from Debra's life insurance policy to start his career in day-trading. To simply put it, day-trading was a way to check out the stocks and invest in them. It was a quick way to make cash but it was extremely risky.
In late-1998, Barton began day-trading at Momentum Securities. It was one of the eleven companies located at the Two Securities Center in Buckhead. Almost every day, Barton would drive from Stockbridge to Atlanta to invest in various stocks. On his best days, when he made tons of money, Barton was nicknamed "Rocket" or dubbed "The Rocket Man" due to his positive attitude and high energy. The first few weeks were promising for the former chemist. However, Barton didn't heed the warnings that he could lose money just as fast as he made it if he wasn't careful.
By May of 1999, Barton had gone through most of his money and was in debt of close to $100,000. Momentum Securities closed his account and informed him that he could no longer trade at their company. While Barton took this news extremely hard, he said that he understood their reason and left without incident.
Not one to be persuaded from day-trading, though, Mark Barton instead took the opportunity to invest elsewhere. Across the street from Momentum Securities was the Piedmont Center, which housed the offices of the All-Tech Investment Group. No more than a week after he'd been let go from Momentum, Barton was trading over at All-Tech.
The stock market was not too kind to Barton
Brent Doonan, a 25-year-old business school graduate and the co-founder of All-Tech, took notice of Barton immediately. He seemed to be a cheerful guy and had no problem giving the other traders advice on where to invest. Unbeknownst to Doonan, Mark had lied about his previous day-trading experience. He called himself a rookie and convinced everyone that he was new to the business. As he began to rake up another huge debt, All-Tech was contacted by Momentum Securities. Had Barton disclosed his debt of $100,000 that he owed to Momentum, All-Tech would've denied him an account.
Doonan was given the difficult task of informing Barton that they, too, would be closing his account. The pair had grown somewhat close and Doonan cringed at the idea of having to let a "good buddy" like Barton go. But his business partner reminded him that they were a new company and couldn't take a risk with someone like Mark O. Barton.
Barton understood All-Tech's position on the matter and promised Doonan that he'd return one day with all of the money that he owed them. He left without incident, just like he'd done at Momentum. But something about Mark's seemingly calm departure bothered Doonan and a few of the other employees.
"I guarantee you that's not the last of him that we'll see," a female co-worker told Doonan.

The Atlanta Day Trader Murders: July 29, 1999

A crime scene photo from the aftermath of the All-Tech shooting
On July 29, 1999, Brent Doonan was in a conference room when he was informed that Mark Barton was there to see him. "I think he's back with my money," Doonan joked quietly to a secretary. "He can come in! Mark?"
Barton popped his head into the room and said: "Hey Brent, you got a minute? Come here, you're gonna love this!"
Smiling, Doonan politely excused himself from the meeting and walked to his office with Barton in tow. Upon entering the small room, Barton closed the door and blinds. Confused, Doonan was waiting patiently for Barton to hand over a check or give him an update on the money he owed. Instead, Barton's smile faded. "Today," he said, towering over the five-foot-ten Doonan, "is going to be visual..."
In an instant, he pulled out two handguns and fired. Doonan felt "an intense pressure" in his chest, then he fell to the floor. Barton turned his attention to those who were outside of Doonan's office. Calmly walking out, he aimed at the table of day-traders on the main floor. Bang! Bang! Bang! Shots fired were fired at random. One man had no time to react and slumped dead in his seat, killed instantly by a shot to the head. Another person heard Barton taunt: "I hope this doesn't ruin your trading day!"
Nell Jones' computer after Barton had attempted to shoot her in the head
Taking aim at trader Nell Jones, Barton was caught off-guard by Doonan attempting to tackle him. The bullet missed Jones and wound up shattering her computer screen. Doonan's act of bravery gave numerous people time to flee, but the larger man overpowered him, firing rapidly towards Doonan's body. The 25-year-old was struck an additional three times but he managed to stagger down a hallway as Barton turned to shoot someone else.
As Doonan and others ran for their lives, 911 calls came flooding in, but not from All-Tech.
Unbeknownst to many, Barton had already opened fire elsewhere. A few minutes before he walked over to the Piedmont Center, Barton had gone to Momentum Securities to look for the office managers. One of them was on vacation but the other manager, Kevin Dial, wasn't so lucky. After attempting to speak with Barton, Dial was killed by numerous shots to the chest at close-range. Before he left Momentum, Barton killed four people and wounded several others. As he headed towards All-Tech, a civilian walked by and noticed the red blood droplets on Barton's legs and shorts. The civilian would later admit that he thought Barton "had just finished painting something."
Brent Doonan was a \"prime target\" in Barton's rampage
Doonan found his way to a service elevator, rapidly pressing the button as Barton's gunfire grew closer. As the doors opened, Doonan looked back to see Vadewattee Muralidhara running towards him. Barton "appeared out of nowhere" and shot her in the head. Doonan stumbled into the elevator and managed to close the doors as Barton raised his gun to finish him off. Panicking, Doonan went up instead of down. He found himself in another company's office, surrounded by strangers.
"I've been shot! He's shooting people!" Doonan told the workers. They hesitated, wondering if it was a prank. Doonan pleaded with them to get him, and themselves, inside of a locked room because Barton was probably coming upstairs to kill everybody.
In the confusion and mass hysteria, the workers tended to Doonan's wounds while calling 911. After nearly two hours, the SWAT team reached Doonan and took him to an ambulance. Had they arrived just a few minutes later, Doonan would have bled to death.
In less than thirty minutes, Mark Barton had killed nine people in two different locations, wounded numerous bystanders, and evaded police as he drove off in his green minivan.

Barton's suicide and the murders in Stockbridge

Mark Barton's body is removed from his green minivan after he commits suicide
A few hours later, police received a lead that Mark O. Barton was in Acworth.
After failing to take a teenage girl hostage, Barton veered on to the highway, where a patrolman spotted him driving erratically. Within minutes, his vehicle was cornered at a Shell gas station. Backup arrived and they ordered Barton to surrender. As they approached his minivan, Barton put his Colt .45 against his temple and fired, killing himself instantly. He was 44-years-old.
When they could not make contact with his immediate family, the door to Barton's apartment in Stockbridge was kicked in. Leigh Ann Vandiver Barton, aged 27, was found in the hallway closet; Mark had bludgeoned her to death with a hammer, presumably while she slept. Upon further inspection, Matthew, aged 11, and Michelle, aged 8, were found in a back bedroom. They were also killed with the same weapon. Barton had tucked them into their beds and left individual notes on their bodies, explaining why they had to perish. Michelle's baby doll was found cradled in her arm; next to Matthew's body was a toy truck.
Left to right, the Bartons: Michelle, Leigh Ann, Mark, and Matthew
Another note was found on the coffee table in the living room. Mark Barton explained that he killed Leigh Ann two nights prior, on July 27, because "she was one of the main reasons for his demise." He killed Matthew and Michelle the next night, on July 28, after taking them out to dinner and buying them toys at a nearby Wal-Mart. Barton also explained in his suicide note that he killed the children in order to "spare them from a lifetime of pain." He says that he couldn't imagine them growing up and living in the shadow of "what he had planned to do [in Atlanta]."
Barton spoke of his first wife and mother-in-law, but he still denied having anything to do with their murders. He mentioned "waking up at night [...] nobody should feel that level of fear while alive." He acknowledged that something was wrong with his mental health but he couldn't explain it.
I don't plan to live very much longer, just long enough to kill as many of the people that greedily sought my destruction, Barton's letter concludes.

Aftermath

Brent Doonan survived Barton's killing spree after being shot five times and nearly bleeding to death
After being shot five times, Brent Doonan underwent numerous surgeries, which included having one of his ribs removed, as well as a portion of his diaphragm. In 2006, he helped co-write the book Murder at the Office, which detailed Mark Barton's early life, killing spree, and Doonan's road to recovery. He is now married with a son.
Several people who were wounded during Barton's killing spree also faced permanent injuries. One survivor committed suicide a few years later.
Bill Spivey criticized the investigators of his daughter and wife's murders, claiming that if they'd done more and arrested Barton years earlier, then "twelve more people wouldn't have died at his hands." Spivey passed away in 2005.
On the tenth anniversary of the shootings, a few former investigators who handled the 1993 double homicide agreed in unison that Mark Barton was "absolutely responsible" for the deaths of Debra Barton and her mother, Eloise Spivey.
Barton's mother was once quoted as saying that she couldn't comprehend or understand her son's actions, but that she forgives him.
The All-Tech Investment Group disbanded a few years after the massacre, despite support from the community. The same thing happened to Momentum Securities, who was unable to recover from the tragedy. The buildings where the massacres took place still stand to this day.

Victims

  • Leigh Ann Vandiver Barton, 27
  • Matthew Barton, 11
  • Michelle Barton, 8
  • Russell J. Brown, 42
  • Dean Delawalla, 52
  • Joseph J. Dessert, 60
  • Kevin Dial, 38
  • Jamshid Havash, 45
  • Vadewattee Muralidhara, 44
  • Allen Charles Tenenbaum, 48
  • Edward Quinn, 58
  • Scott A. Webb, 30
  • Debra Barton, 36\*
  • Eloise Spivey, 59\*
*While Mark Barton was never officially charged with the murder, I feel it's appropriate to remember them, too. I also believe that he is responsible for their deaths due to strong evidence.
Sources: Murder at the Office, AP Archives, Wikipedia, Who The F\*k Did I Hire?*
submitted by thatforensicgirl to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 14:48 ManonFire63 Circumcision of the Heart

As I write about a Circumcision of the heart, many of you reading this......you didn't have one. You may have had a degree or two and were educated. You failed in God's Classroom thus far. Possibly whatever divinity school you graduated from was working to tolerate Kabbalaic Judaism or worse. 2020 has taught that no moral man tolerates everything.
What is Mysticism? Someone is experiencing cause and effect with the Spiritual. Someone experiencing cause and effect with the Spiritual may be able to point out some spiritual things for you in profound ways. Any Christian growing in Faith and seeking God, may be in some form of Mysticism as they grow in Faith. They may not consider themselves a mystic. It means that they experiencing God. Today the topic is Hearts of Stone and The Bible.
Given someone were to do an internet search of "Heart of Stone and Jews" someone may be able to find a lot of valid information very quickly from a variety of sources. Christian sources, Jewish source, Professors, and other news sources. Having a Heart of Stone may be a particular spiritual condition with cause and effect to it. Talmudic Jews have been said to have hearts of stone, and do mean things to gentiles. In the media, someone with a Heart of Stone, like the Rolling Stones song, "Heart of Stone," may be someone who behaves as a love'em and leave'em type. He may be a self-centered seeker of pleasure. He may not care about love or marriage. Harvey Weinstein was a married man. He used his position of authority in such a way as to pressure women who were not his wife towards being with him. Harvey Weinstein may of had a Heart of Stone.
I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. (Ezekiel 36:26)
For this people's heart has become calloused; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.' (Matthew 13:15)
Testimony:
As a 29 year old man, I was calloused. Not just my heart. I had been through some rough things in my late 20's, and I was a calloused man. I wasn't a tough guy. I was a callused man. I received a calling from God. I worked to grow in Faith. I developed a close relationship with him. June 2014, at the age of 30, I suddenly felt like a was a New Born Child. Having been calloused, I was hardened against certain stimuli. Watching certain movies or Youtube videos, I was hardened against various stimuli like violence or whatever. Suddenly, one day, due to my relationship with God, I felt like I was a child. Stimuli that I had previously been hardened against would effect me like I was an innocent and starting over. To get into the Kingdom of Heaven someone has to be like a Child.
Prior to my calling, I was aware of Don Cheadle as Captain Planet. I thought it was funny. After my calling, based on my experiences, I saw something else with it. One day God challenged me to create a "Captain Planet" for him. I didn't really understand what it all meant at the time, but having a new born innocent spirit as a 30 year old man, it hit me just right, and helped build me up.
Don Cheadle is Captain Planet.
break
Earth!
Fire!
Wind!
Water!
Heart!
Go Son of Man!!!
The above may have been created around June - July 2014. At the same time, God had been shepherding me to be a Bridegroom. In the Bible, Jesus is a Bridegroom looking for a Bride. Given you internet search "Jesus is the Bridegroom" you may find many articles very quickly about it, and a Bible concordance. I was not Jesus. I had lived like a Prodigal Son for a few years. God was pushing to be a Bridegroom. I would pick up my iphone4, and I started deleting out any females that I was not interested in marrying, and did not have a strictly professional relationship with in someway. Given they were in my phone, and I belied or knew there could be something that wasn't leading to marriage, or there were there for the wrong reason, I deleted their numbers. I worked to marry about six females from my past that summer, one at a time, like a was "Black Jesus" Everlast. I would put all my hope, love and future into each one. I was working for God full time. That was my job. God may have told me about their number, as in former partners, and showed me ugly things about them. I would get to the point where I found they were playing games with me, God would show me their true hearts, and/or it just wasn't going to work out. I would kick them out of my heart.
Have you ever heard the terms "She got her hooks into him." Given a young man meets a pretty woman, and after a few days he thinks about her a lot or likes her, she got some hooks into someone. Given she likes him, she works to get more hooks into him until they marry? With old girl friends or people someone knew, they may have in their subconscious, some of those hooks. They may not think about it. They may have been married to someone else for many years. There may be some hooks or emotional attachments there. In a man's heart, given he was in sin or hook up culture, there may be lingering hooks he doesn't know about or think about. Over the process of working to marry six females from my past, I found that I had things lingering in my heart. I worked to kick them out. How? I don't care. I don't care about them. They are not my responsibility. They may live or die. I don't care.
Circumcision of The Heart.
Bible Verses:And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. (Deuteronomy 30:6)No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person's praise is not from other people, but from God. (Romans 2:29)
At one point growing in Faith, and having a relationship with God, it felt like what I had felt below the belt, on some level, went up into my heart. Before I may of had a callused heart like there was something around it. Afterwards I was more aware of my heart in a way that brings greater meaning and understanding to The Word of God. This happened around Spring 2014 or so, but as I worked through being a Bridegroom, I found my heart had been wrapped around a few females from my past.
Given someone were to research people with "Hearts on Fire for Christ" or "Sacred Heart" in the Catholic Church, they may be able to find people, Saints, with valid testimony of having cause and effect, and circumcision of the heart.
Question: Did that mean you stopped feeling things below the belt?
No.
God is love. I became more aware of his love. God is Holy and Separate from sin.
A man walks by a woman on the street. What does he think about? There is nothing wrong with appreciating beauty. Is a woman in God's plan for someone? A man may be aware of these things, and he doesn't allow his mind to drift other places. He has God's Fatherly Love, and he would like Good things for people.
submitted by ManonFire63 to theology [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 02:31 NoYeezyAtWeezyHeezy All Album Releases for Summer (June - August) of 2020

Below is a list of all the albums and EP's that were released in June through August. If there are any I missed or anything you think should be added, let me know and I'll gladly add it because I'm sure there are many I have missed. I've linked all of the ones that there have been album discussions if you would like to go leave your thoughts or rank the album. Also leave a comment below if one or multiple albums stood out to you for the month. Enjoy!

June 1st

June 2nd

June 3rd

June 4th

June 5th

June 7th

June 9th

June 10th

June 11th

June 12th

June 13th

June 14th

June 18th

June 19th

June 20th

June 22nd

June 26th

June 27th

June 30th

July 1st

July 3rd

July 4th

Dissolver No. 7 - Star Spangled Punch
Oak Grove - Must You Have Love Handles Before You Have a Handle On Love?
Victor Camozzi - Black Dog

July 8th

July 10th

July 17th

July 20th

July 23rd

July 24th

July 27th

July 31st

August 1st

August 6th

August 7th

August 10th

August 11th

August 12th

August 14th

August 15th

August 18th

August 19th

August 21st

August 22nd

August 25th

August 28th

August 29th

submitted by NoYeezyAtWeezyHeezy to CountryMusicStuff [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 01:32 SomeFunPun The Leafs Roster Compared to Stanley Cup Winners

The Athletic posted this article today, looking at their player evaluation model as it relates to cup winning rosters this decade. The results are here, for those who are subscribed: https://theathletic.com/2077279/2020/09/21/cup-checklist-analyzing-the-rosters-from-the-last-decade-of-champions/
The model isn't perfect, of course, and it shouldn't be used to evaluate players in a vacuum, but because Dom also posts his model's look at every NHL team, it should be fair to compare his model's average Stanley Cup winner against the Leafs roster during the play ins.
The Leafs roster can be found here for anyone with a subscription: https://theathletic.com/1957765/2020/07/30/2020-nhl-qualifying-round-preview-maple-leafs-vs-blue-jackets/
For those without access to the Athletic, here's the rundown:
Offense:
Matthews is significantly above the average Stanley cup winning 1C. Marner is slightly above average as the best winger, but Hyman on that line is below the value of a top line winger. The line averages out to a value of 9.8, which is well above the 9.3 value of an average first line on a cup winner.
Tavares is significantly better than the average second line center, but below the level of a cup winning 1C. Nylander is slightly below the level of a teams 2nd best winger, which is usually spread onto the second line rather than stacked on the top line. Mikheyev is above the average for the last top six winger. Overall, they're valued at 6.9, whereas a second line is normally valued at 5.8.
Third line is where the Leafs hit some trouble. An average third line is valued at 2.8, whereas the Leafs group with Robertson was valued at 1.9. Swapping Johnsson for Kapanen won't make up the difference either, so third line is an issue, at least until Robertson takes another step in the NHL.
Surprisingly, The Leafs fourth line is actually making up some lost value. A stanley cup average fourth line is rated at .6, whereas the Leafs are extracting 1 win of excess value from our trio.
Engvall on the fourth and Robertson's continued development bode well for us to run four above average lines next season, should we bring this exact group back! If Kerfoot settles into the lineup earlier and plays all of next season like he played during the play-ins, he might also see a boost. If not, he's a player to look at to upgrade.
Defense:
The model actually has an average stanley cup team playing a first pairing that features a team's best defenseman, and their 5th best beside them! The average team gets 3.4 wins from their top pairing, but the Leafs are mustered 2 wins from Rielly and Ceci (Rielly was a 2.2, .3 under a top pairing D, and Ceci was a -.2, 1.1 wins under the average 1D partner).
Average second pairings feature a teams second best and third/fourth best player. On the Leafs Muzzin was worth 1.5 wins and Holl was worth just .5 wins -- average second pairings feature a D worth 1.6 wins and a partner worth 1.1 wins. Again, the Leafs are underperforming here.
Third pairings feature a defenseman worth 1.1 wins, and a partner worth .4 wins. Barrie alone is worth 1.4 wins, and he did play like one in the post season given he wasn't a defensive liability during the play-ins. Travis Dermott is worth .6 wins here, which means our third pair this year exceeded expectations.
Overall, the defense needs work. Reilly and Muzzin are SLIGHTLY under the thresholds we want for our best and second best defensemen, but Holl and Dermott need to see a big jump if they want to be worth of anything more than third pairing playoff duties. Adding a true 1D bumps every player into a better spot, however -- Pietrangelo and Muzzin gives us an above average first pairing, Rielly - Dermott/Holl gives us an average second pairing, and hopefully growth from Sandin gets the third pairing to average status as well!
Goaltending:
Average winning goalies are worth 3 wins on their own. Freddie is worth 2. Additionally, in a later section Dom shows that winning goalies play hot -- on average they almost double their value to be worth 5 wins in the post season. Freddie is solid for us, and we've seen him that hot this past November, but he hasn't been anywhere near that level in the post season so far. The lowest ranking goalie to win a cup this decade was worth 2.1 wins, so Freddie CAN win, but it's certainly not very likely.
What do the Leafs need:
1) Third line center or winger growth! Our third line is underperforming and needs a boost. Outside that one player, the entire forward group is above average, from top six to the fourth line. There's depth in the organization.
2) A 1D. Rielly is above average as a teams second best defensemen, and Muzzin is above average as a teams third best defenseman, and grabbing a true 1D lets the top four play in better positions to succeed.
3) Stronger (or luckier) goaltending. This past play-in showed team defense isn't the issue in important games -- most analysis show the Leafs punching above their weight defensively, but having goalscoring issues which sank them. Getting the same goaltending we faced would have had the Leafs win in four!
What can the Leafs afford to give up?
1) Marner -- no. You lose him and you don't have a strong enough winger to replace him anywhere in the top six. Winners have a elite center and an elite winger, and we don't get that without Marner.
2) Nylander -- no. Again, you need a second winger of that high calibre to win according to the averages.
3) Tavares. Downgrading him actually makes the roster fit closer to what an average stanley cup winning team looks like, but to downgrade him, we need to get back a high end 2C AND a 1D! Otherwise we are better off with Tavares.
...That's it.
When we look at the roster, it has its strength on offense, a weakness on defense that can only be fixed with a 1D, and a need for an even better goalie (Freddie is great, so if he gets hot or elevates his playoff games, then he's good enough)! Letting Robertson grow should help with third line depth, just like Sandin's growth will give us a genuine third line driver. Despite that, we are short a 1D and don't have the current assets to trade for one without significantly impacting the roster as it is currently.
The Way Forwards:
Sign Pietrangelo and sacrifice third line assets -- they aren't providing excess value anyways. That's the only solution we have right now, and its a gamble since it guts the third line and HEAVILY relies on growth from prospects, or cheap replacement signings.
submitted by SomeFunPun to leafs [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 20:44 skip2myluka Why the Mavericks' 2020 Offseason is So_Freakin_Important

Why the Mavericks' 2020 Offseason is So_Freakin_Important
The Mavs took a major leap this season, going from the lottery to a mid-playoff seed. That said, the Mavericks should be even better next season—with or without major roster changes**.**
For the first time in a long time, MFFLs can feel good about the trajectory of the team. But, despite projected improvements, the team is at least a high-level piece away from contending for a title.
Most of the speculation around the Mavs adding talent focuses on 2021. That summer, Tim Hardaway Jr. and several other contracts come off the books.
However, it seems to me that opportunities in the 2020 offseason are being treated with complacency in the current discourse.
Much of the reason for the focus on 2021 derives from the latest Dallas big-fish free agent target:
The Giannis-to-Dallas clamor is reaching a fever pitch.
Th absurdity of the Mavs FO putting a lot of chips into this plan cannot be overstated. We have seen how well dry powder and superstar chasing has served us in the past.
If the Mavericks were not as close to a championship as they were, this kind of restraint would make a lot more sense.
But, given that the Mavs are a relatively small piece away from a contention-level roster, does it really make sense to forgo a perfectly good offseason just so we can put our roster improvement chips all-in on a Giannis pot with incredibly long odds?

I find it useful to think about Luka’s time in Dallas in terms of ‘eras’.
Eras, in this sense, can be loosely defined as some period of team continuity in roster, coach, style etc.
For example, most recently, the Warriors completed two eras—pre-KD, KD—and have begun a third—post-KD. You could also say that each Lebron destination is an era of its own. Dirk’s 20 years in DFW came with its own set of eras (Pre-Star, Nash, Avery Johnson, Kidd, Monta, Lottery).
If we map ahead a bit, the outline of a 10+ year career for Luka with several distinct ‘eras’ begins to come into frame.
Luka Eras
True NBA greats get no developmental years. For better or worse, Luka is on the clock right now. The goal of Luka’s rookie contract era should be a simple, yet daunting one—win an NBA championship.
In pursuit of that goal, however, it is important to understand the dynamics of coming eras and how to best position the Mavs for sustained success. It is also important not to undervalue each year the team has an opportunity to compete for a championship.
Let’s take a look at what the ‘Eras’ of Luka Doncic basketball could look like from a roster management perspective:
https://preview.redd.it/dkorr7xhojo51.png?width=1866&format=png&auto=webp&s=8474b925419b6a6897e0a8713fd64243d76b7699

Era 1 in Focus: Rookie Contract
While it seems like the timeline for 21 year-old Luka Doncic is just beginning, life comes at you fast. Having star talent in their youth does not absolve a team from hard decision making; just ask the Pelicans, Sixers, and Bucks of late.
The early, tough decisions the Mavs must face center on building a contention-level team around Luka before his max extension. At that point, Luka will be more correctly compensated for his impact with the 30% designated player max contract.
While most Mavs fans are justifiably excited about the prospect of opening space in the 2021 offseason, it also seems that many may be mis-pricing just how fast it will close—with or without new talent.
At the start of the 2022-23 season, Luka’s max extension (which he can sign next summer) is going to hit the books. At that point, Luka and KP will be eating roughly 60% of the Mavs cap.
In addition, the Mavs will have key role players locked in to team-friendly multiyear deals representing another 25-30%.
Filling out the roster with 10-25% of the cap will be an uphill battle. Filling it with the pieces needed to vault this team into the title conversation will be near impossible.
https://preview.redd.it/cs5u41mjojo51.png?width=1456&format=png&auto=webp&s=bfb4b833afa8e12a224730b31bf2137b21c068ac

While it seems like the Luka Doncic timeline is just beginning, life comes at you fast

Luckily, The Mavs have two offseasons, ‘20 and ‘21, before their window for adding significant talent without gutting their depth closes on them for several years.
The Mavs don’t want to put all of their eggs in the Giannis 2021 basket without doing due diligence on roster upgrades (especially ones that vault us into a contender) in the coming offseason.
Why? Well, because waiting for Giannis and the spoils of 2021 puts a ton of undue pressure on executing within the tight window of one year of free agency.
This is why the 2020 offseason should be treated with the importance it deserves.
Roster
Let’s do a basic inventory of the Maverick stables:
https://preview.redd.it/g97tdrkmojo51.png?width=1236&format=png&auto=webp&s=237faf54495854c65ad577433921fd5a8140b4eb
If we look at high-level team needs, the obvious culprit is defense. The Mavs were a misbalanced regular season team in '19-20; sporting the league’s most efficient offense and 17th most efficient defense.
The Mavericks are especially light on defensive guards and wings. They can find more balance by acquiring defense-minded perimeter players. But, they must also commit to prioritizing their defensive personnel in the rotation.
With that in mind, It is essential that any significant piece brought in to flank Luka and KP be a two-way player.
Given they have $35m locked up between KP and Maxi ($50m if you include Powell, Boban, and Cauley-Stein) it’s highly unlikely the team will look to invest more in the frontcourt—so look for the Mavs to avoid any big attached with a significant price tag. Pour one out for the Ibaka and Millsap truthers (seriously though, these are inferior players to Maxi Kleber…).
In terms of adding personnel, the best archetypal fits are a secondary live-dribble creator (ideally one who can put pressure on the rim) and a two-way perimeter player with plus-shooting or plus-defensive equity.
It would be an added bonus if one or both of these players translated into Luka’s next era, or if the Mavs are able to draft starter-level talent for that era in 2020 or 2022.
To recap, before Luka’s rookie extension kicks in (2022-23) we’d like to generate:
  • A two way secondary creator for this and the next era
  • A two way perimeter player for this and the next era
  • A draft pick who turns out to be a starter in the next era
Routes
Free Agency:
Free agency is probably the most interesting route the Mavs can take to acquire the coveted ‘third & fourth guys’. The 2020 class is generally light but has some impact guys that fit the Mavs needs (Vanvleet, Dragic, Bazemore, Grant, Crowder, Temple, Bogdonavic, Ingram, Melton). The 2021 class offers up some interesting non-Giannis opportunities (Lonzo, Oladipo, Richardson, Dinwiddie, Hayward, Porter Jr, Oubre, Lowry, Conley, Isaac, Bridges, Anunoby, Hart, Caruso, Trent).Trade:
Using one or more of their assets (2020 #18, 2020 #31, Brunson, Maxi, DFS), the Mavs could look to upgrade via trade. The Mavs could opt to snatch up veterans who want to compete at a high level (Paul, Lowry) or younger core pieces (Lonzo, Gordon).
To open up more room in free agency, the Mavs might look to attach 18 and/or 31 to dump the contracts of Hardaway, Delon Wright, Justin Jackson, and/or Dwight Powell.
Draft:
The 2020 draft is an interesting one as the Mavs could trade one or both of the 18 and 31st picks for salary cap relief or in a package for a useful piece.
Alternatively, the Mavs could look to add a future piece by using or packaging their picks to move up in the draft. Because the Mavs do not have their first round pick in 2021—and because most draft picks after Luka’s 1st era will be traded for win-now pieces—my preference is to draft players for the future in 2020 and/or 2022.
https://preview.redd.it/pqml1hsrojo51.png?width=1456&format=png&auto=webp&s=71cf74e5227c7e78b24ba263270de367e00efa71

2020 Offseason
The biggest reason I’m an advocate for being aggressive in the 2020 offseason is this:
I don't want the Mavs don’t squander a perfectly good opportunity to make a run at a title as soon as next season.
This is not to say that I want the Mavs to make moves that jeopardize their future ability to compete for titles—but many of the opportunities to vault us into contention next year don’t necessarily dilute long-term prospects.
The latest murmurs are that the salary cap could come in at a similar figure to ‘19-20, or around $109m. We'll use that figure for modeling purposes here.
Going in to the offseason, let’s see how the Mavs stack up in terms of assets and distressed contracts:
https://preview.redd.it/8h3kr4gvojo51.png?width=1250&format=png&auto=webp&s=402d7193d5230bc77a6298ece7903b0650fa6fa7
Depending on whether the Mavs were interested and able to move Hardaway, Powell, Wright, and/or Jackson in concert with their FRPs; and whether WCS opts out; the Mavs could have between $3m to 48m + the MLE ($9.2m) this summer to add talent.
While going through the options, a lot of you are going to ask why [player’s name] isn’t included on the list. They’ve been filtered out, is why. Here’s a handy legend—to be eligible as “worth pursuing for the Mavericks”, you must:
  • Defend at a high level on the perimeter (seriously folks, we need defenders)
  • Shoot the 3 well and at a high volume
  • Not be a big
As mentioned, the most significant move the Mavs can make towards winning a championship as soon as next season is adding a (two-way) secondary live-dribble creator. With that in mind, here are the potential moves at the Mavs disposal, ranked by expected value.

‘A’ Moves: Field a Contender in 2020

A1) Sign Fred Vanvleet @ $90m/4
For all intents and purposes, the Mavs are free agent players in 2020 if they want to be. There is no excuse for the Mavs not aggressively pursuing FVV this summer.
In my opinion, this is the sole no-brainer unrestricted free agency decision in 2020. Vanvleet is 26, so he fits the Mavs timeline and should not lose much effectiveness on his next contract.
He is also a perfect fit: A secondary three-and-D playmaker who can defend at the point of attack, switch, hit threes off the dribble, drive and kick, and who possesses a championship resume. I especially like the fact that Vanvleet can defend so well up and down the lineup.
Vanvleet would also become the de-facto locker room leader for this team and add a sense of grit and toughness to the team.
The Mavs should pursue an agreement at around $22-23m per over four. If FVV agrees, the Mavs can make room by stretching Tim Hardaway Jr and/or by looking to find a trade partner for he or Delon and Powell’s contracts.

For all intents and purposes, the Mavs are free agent players in 2020 if they want to be.

A2) Draft Hayes and Trade for Paul
Killian Hayes is the type of prospect where I think you gamble on him becoming a core piece during Luka’s prime. I’ll discuss why I like the idea of drafting a point guard from this class so much in a later article.
If you look at the theoretical package for a guy like Chris Paul—a top 10-15 player in the league in ‘19-20—its peanuts. The Mavs could probably package Brunson, Delon, THJ’s 2021 expiring, and Powell for Paul and filler.
This move would give their depth a hit (though, to be fair, Brunson and Powell missed the playoffs, and Delon garnered DNPs), but replace THJ with Chris Paul and you’d have a hard time convincing me the Mavs aren’t title contenders.
Paul’s contract aligns well with this iteration of the Mavericks’ role players. And the money that the Mavs should be able to open up post-Paul is significant, ~$50m in 2023.
While I am fond of several other point guards in case the Mavs stay put and don’t move up for Hayes—Kira Lewis, Tyrese Maxey, Cole Anthony, and Tre Jones—I don’t have quite the same confidence mortgaging the near-future on Paul without Hayes.
A3) Trade for a Veteran
If the Mavs are want to be aggressive in pursuing veterans in 2020, the design space for adding talent becomes a lot more interesting.
Guys like Lowry, Jrue, Hayward, and Dipo would require Hardaway, possibly Kleber, DFS or Brunson, and one or more of the Mavs’ draft picks.
This is a gamble. Dallas would potentially need to re-sign these guys and/or hope they don't deteriorate too much. Otherwise, we could be looking at a tough cap situation until the end of KP’s deal.
A4) Trade for a Like-Age Piece
The Mavs have a number of trade chips: THJ’s expiring contract, DFS, Kleber, Brunson, and the 18 and 31 picks in 2020. I think the Mavs would look to package THJ and any number of Brunson and draft picks to go after the players in this grouping.
I suspect this will be the route many Mavs fans prefer. But consider this; the group of players in this list are roughly between the 65th and 100 best players in the league. Fred Vanvleet is a top 50 player, Jrue and Lowry are top 40 players, and Paul is top 15.
Targets & Proposed Trades:
  • Lonzo Ball, 23 1yr $8m (RFA in 2021) [Kleber + Brunson + 31]
  • Aaron Gordon, 24 2yr $35m [THJ + 18]
  • Josh Richardson, 26 2yr $22m (PO in 2021) [THJ + Brunson]
  • Otto Porter Jr. 27 1yr $28m [THJ + 31]
  • Gary Harris, 25 2yr $40m [THJ + 31 or Brunson]
  • Kelly Oubre, 24 1yr $15m [THJ + 18]
  • Josh Hart, 25 1 yr $1.8m [Brunson + 18]
  • Tomas Satoransky, 28 2 yr $20m [Delon + 18]
  • Bogdan Bogdonavic, 28 Sign-&-Trade [Kleber]
  • DeAnthony Melton, 22 Sign-&-Trade [Delon + 18]

‘B’ Moves: Remain Competitive and Flexible for 2021

B1) THJ Opts In, Fill Out Rotation in Free Agency
The key consideration here is that anyone added from this group would need to be comfortable with a one-year deal, because multiyear agreements would eat in to our ability to add talent with cap space in 2021.
The exception to this case is if we were to nab one of the aforementioned players. If we had already used the space on a Fred Vanvleet or Chris Paul, then we can afford to make a multiyear tender at the full MLE ($9.2m). At that point, a lot of these wing names become much more interesting.
Goran Dragic Would he take a one year deal at the MLE to play with Luka? Tough to tell at this point given the Heat’s success.
Kent Bazemore Baze is exactly what this team needs injected into its second unit. A versatile wing who can shoot, defend, and put the ball on the floor a bit for 20mpg.
Garret Temple Temple is a sneaky interesting move if he’s interested in a one year deal at the MLE. I think he would slot right in to the starting point guard role as an off-ball guy with a bit of size who can defend, shoot, and make some reads as a secondary guy. Age (34) is prohibitive in terms of thinking beyond 2020-21, but a nice stopgap option.
Jae Crowder Does he take a one year MLE? I doubt it. A multiyear MLE, though, seems like it might be in his range. I do wonder if he still feels shortchanged by his first stint here.
Justin Holiday
Wes Matthews
Derrick Jones Jr. Derrick Jones Jr. is a very interesting young prospect who I think could have success as a roll man next to KP and Kleber. I don’t know if he’s a guy I would want to assign long term money to given shooting concerns.
Jerami Grant I think Grant would be somewhat interesting. I just find him too similar to both DFS and Kleber (and probably prefer them both, slightly) to really find him all that valuable. His market may just end up being a multiyear mle.
Bogdan Bogdonavic I like Bogdan, I really do. Unfortunately, I don’t see him fitting in as a 3rd guy type due to a lack of defense; and as a sixth man, its unclear to me that he is an upgrade over Seth Curry. He’ll certainly cost more.
I know this move is a Mavs fan favorite but I don’t see how he makes much sense. Additionally, Bogey is restricted, so we’d need to make space before we can hand him an offer sheet.
DeAnthony Melton Melton is the more interesting RFA option in my opinion. Unlike Bogey, I could see Melton being a long term starter next to Luka. He is also 22 to Bogdan’s 28 and he will very likely cost less to attain. If the Mavs can clear a little space, I would be making inquiries into his availability at the MLE or perhaps a bit higher over 4 years.
B2) Extend Tim Hardaway Jr.
This option seems highly unlikely. The extension of Hardaway needs to be done with the expectation that his new contract could be dumped “for free” at a moment’s notice.
Any contract that makes THJ feel made whole after turning down what is effectively a 1y$19m extension would need to include bigger and longer term money than the Mavs should feel remotely comfortable giving him.
The Mavs would need to extend Hardaway at something like $10-11m per year over 3 (at most) to make the contract bulletproof tradable (in the case they need to make space in ‘20 or ‘21 for a talent upgrade).
The replacement of Hardaway seems inevitable as his $19m expiring contract represents the best opportunity to upgrade on talent before Luka’s extension.
If the Mavs decided to extend Hardaway at a market rate extension based on last year’s production (3-4 years at 14-15+ per year), I fear this could be the single most damaging move to the early Luka timeline.
Consider this—because they lack significant draft assets after this year, the Mavs could be stuck in a loop where they are unable to add high-level talent because they cannot move a multiyear overpay to an aging shoot-first guard. This compounds a similarly unmovable Powell deal.
Extending Hardaway to a large deal could mean that the Mavericks are essentially stuck in the same lineup configuration as ‘19-20 for the next 3-4 years…yikes.
As is, it’s highly likely that Hardaway will not be extended by the Mavs.
Draft
If the Mavs are to draft, combining the picks to move forward as much as possible would be beneficial if it meant a shot at one of several players (Hayes, Vassell, Anthony, Kira).
Otherwise, the Mavs should look to draft best non-big available at 18 (with an eye towards Kira, Maxey, Pat Williams, Poku, Tre Jones) and potentially look to add an impact upperclassman at 31 (Bane, Mich St guy, Syracuse guy, Cassius Winston).

Key Dates
2020 Dates are up in the air, I will update these as they change:
-Draft: Nov 18 (tentatively) -Free Agency Begins: TBD

Looking Ahead to 2021
As mentioned, most fans have an eye toward 2021. I understand. But, imho if the chance to grab Fred Vanvleet is there, we MUST do it and not think twice.
If we can collectively sidestep the Giannis fever dream, the rest of the contenders don’t actually look so great.
Oladipo, 29, is the next best fit and most often mentioned. But Victor has struggled to stay on the court the last few seasons. Does it make sense to lock up $60m in two players who might not be available for Luka when the playoffs come? Likewise, Do we want to pay big bucks for an athleticism-dependent player entering his 30s?
Are consolation prizes like Josh Richardson, Spencer Dinwiddie, Otto Porter, or Kelly Oubre upgrades over Fred VanVleet? I personally don’t think so. I could get behind saving the space for Lonzo or Isaac—but they’re restricted, so there’s no guarantee we’d even be able to land them if we did garner interest.
Second tier RFAs like Anunoby, Hart, Trent, and Caruso could make valuable starting pieces. But, as with other RFAs, there is no guarantee mutual interest would even yield a signing. Last ditch fill-ins like Tim Hardaway Jr and Kentavious Caldwell-Pope may be available, but these outcomes all sound incredibly disappointing in the context of adding central talent for the post rookie-contract Luka era.
This class just doesn’t have much for the Mavs unless you’re counting on guys like Lebron, Kawhi, Paul George, or Anthony Davis joining the Mavs. I’m not.
Wrapping Up
Consider one more thing—Giannis might not even make it to free agency in any practical sense. If Giannis signs the extension this summer or quickly re-signs with the Bucks, the opportunity cost of not pursuing Fred Vanvleet or a veteran third option becomes much higher.
Lastly, IF Giannis IS interested in the Mavs next summer, making a move to clear space—EVEN if we utilize future cap space in 2020— should be relatively simple.
My assumption is the Mavs could move Porzingis and/or FVV rather easily if need be.
Go Mavs.
[P.S. If you're interested in receiving my Mavs essays in your inbox, sign up here]
submitted by skip2myluka to Mavericks [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 13:00 DarthEquus The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 5: 1980-2019

The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 5: 1980-2019
A new wave of genital cutting was begun with Wiswell in the '80s based on neonatal UTI incidence. He reached his conclusions by comparing children born in a hospital with universal infant circumcision who were born prematurely and whose poor health had prevented routine circumcision at birth. Notably he also commanded parents to treat the child's foreskin destructively only to use the resultant damage as evidence circumcision was necessary. The bigger question about this unfortunately successful infant genital surgery promotion is how was it ever accepted as valid science? To (1998) found the rate of UTI in Canadian infants was reduced 3.5 times but that was really from only 0.7% to 0.2%. So while it sounds like a lot as a relative rate, it would take almost 200 surgeries to prevent a single UTI.
The much more powerful and significant wave of circumcision activism beginning in the 1980s was the terribly successful lie that male genital cutting could significantly help prevent HIV infection. This idea did not reach significant development until after 2000 when John Hopkins circumcision activists designed and performed the large and expensive African RCTs to "prove" male circumcision prevented HIV infection in men based on studies comparing groups with differing levels of STI awareness counseling, the most likely real cause of the recorded effect. That flaw would be fatal, but there were many other problems with those studies besides that. See Boyle & Hill 2011, Van Howe and Storms (2011), and Green (2008) for critiques of those studies.

1980: ~80% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 67% of adult men

https://preview.redd.it/m52eo19mlim51.jpg?width=840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=739f5049e289c17c427740de92e278457d754c54
1980 Edward Wallerstein published Circumcision: An American Health Fallacy detailing the sordid history of the medicalized genital cutting movement in the volume that launched the modern intactivist movement.
1982 Former U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, M.D. wrote in the Saturday Evening Post: "All of the Western world raises its children uncircumcised and it seems logical that, with the extent of health knowledge in those countries, such a practice must be safe."
1983 Hugh C. Thompson recognized there did not appear to be any good reason to continue circumcision. [The Value of Neonatal Circumcision: An Unanswered and Perhaps Unanswerable Question. Am J Dis Child. — [full text]]
"Neonatologists have regarded the operation [circumcision] as without merit. Physicians in all fields agree on the necessity for careful explanation to the parents, preferably before the infant is born. They deplore the occasional grave complications that are largely produced by poor technique and inexperienced operators. One major reason formerly used to justify neonatal circumcision—correction or prevention of phimosis—has been shown to be untenable by serial studies from birth to adulthood. The major indications now proposed as justifying the procedure are prevention of penile [skin] cancer [which is rarer than male breast cancer] and balanitis and a reduction in herpes genitalis and, possibly, cancer of the uterine cervix [disproved and more recently shown to be caused by HPV]. These diseases are decades removed from the neonatal period, and opponents of circumcision regard them as lacking incontrovertible proof or as inconsequential."
1983 Money & Davison found that four of the five men circumcised as adults in their study rated penile sensitivity as diminished. They didn't describe the difference very articulately but they noted differences included "diminished penile sensitivity, less penile gratification, more penile pain, and cosmetic deformity".
"Removal of the entire foreskin, or even part of it, may require a change in masturbatory technique, insofar as there is less or no redundant [sic] skin to be stretched forward or backward [the eversion of the foreskin is more like rolling but with more fluidity]. Thus, there needs to be more reliance on some other surface, for example, the lubricated skin of the fingers or palm, to provide ether rotary or longitudinal friction directly to the shaft of the penis. What has been lost in circumcision is the stretch effect and hypothetically, receptors that provide proprioceptive stretch sensation from the foreskin. Inside the vagina, the penis must move in and out in the fashion of a finger, rather than being sometimes able, like the head of a turtle to pull in and out of the carapuce of its own foreskin, while the pubococcygeal muscles at the vaginal entrance grip the lower part of the shaft. Stretch sensations may be additionally altered if the frenulum is severed in the circumcision."
[Adult penile circumcision: erotosexual and cosmetic sequelae. J Sex Res.]
1985 Thomas E. Wiswell, a military doctor, used flawed methods to show that circumcision decreased incidence of urinary tract infections by comparing infants born prematurely to infants born at term. [Decreased incidence of urinary tract infections in circumcised male infants. Pediatrics.]
1985 Benjamin Spock finally updated the his best-selling parenting book (first published in 1946): "I strongly recommend leaving the foreskin alone. Parents should insist on convincing reasons for circumcision—and there are no convincing reasons that I know of." Later in a 1989 interview in Redbook, he stated "My own preference, if I had the good fortune to have another son, would be to leave his little penis alone."
1986 Aaron J. Fink claimed that circumcision prevented AIDS. [A possible explanation for heterosexual male infection with AIDS. NEJM.]
1988 Aaron J. Fink invented the idea that circumcision prevented neonatal group B streptococcal disease. [Is hygiene enough? Circumcision as a possible strategy to prevent group B streptococcal disease. AJOG.]
1989 Edgar J. Schoen leads the AAP Task Force on Circumcision declared circumcision is medically beneficial. Reported health benefits are hygiene, penile and cervical cancer, phimosis, STDs, and UTIs.
"In addition to the medical aspects, other factors will affect the parents' decisions, including esthetics, religion, cultural attitudes, social pressures, and tradition."
[Report of the Task Force on Circumcision. Pediatrics]
This report has been extensively criticized for it's failure to provide sound evidence of preventative effects of circumcision, it's lack of a cost-benefit analysis, it's failure to address the functions of the foreskin, and overall bias of the report.
[Matthew R. Giannetti. Circumcision and the American Academy of Pediatrics: Should Scientific Misconduct Result in Trade Association Liability? 85 Iowa L. Rev 1507 (2000).]

1990: ~68% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 70% of adult men

1991 Edgar J. Schoen implored European doctors to institute mass circumcision. [Is it time for Europe to reconsider newborn circumcision? Acta Ped Scan.]
1991 Aaron J. Fink declares mass circumcision is necessary to prevent sand from getting into the soldiers' foreskins. [Circumcision and sand. JRSM.]
1994 Legal victory: Miltex, one of several Mogen clamp manufacturers, stopped distributing the devices in 1994. "Although no obvious defect has been found with the clamp's design or manufacturing we have concerns over the possible mishandling of the instrument by practitioners and our inability to ensure the instrument's proper use," Miltex's then-president Saul Kleinkramer wrote in a letter announcing the decision. The manufacturer was then in default on millions of dollars in lost lawsuits before millions more were lost in additional lawsuits, in total over $23 million. ["Injuries linked to circumcision clamps" Hennessy-Fiske. LA Times. 2011.]
1996 J. R. Taylor et al. found the average amount of foreskin amputated was 51% of the total penile skin on average. They identified the "ridged band contains more Meissner's corpuscles than does the smooth mucosa and exhibits features of specialized sensory mucosa."
"The 'ridged band' may be key to the persistent mislabelling of the inner lining of the prepuce as 'skin'; it is clearly visible on inspection of the retracted prepuce, it is continuous with the wrinkled true skin of the tip of the prepuce, and it looks like skin. Histology aside, the 'wrinkles' of the ridged band are regularly transverse and are difficult to efface by gentle stretching. A vascular blush is usually present.
The vascular ridges of the 'ridged band' and its Meissner's corpuscles firmly separate preputial epithelium from true skin and place preputial mucosa amongst other mucocutaneous mucosae. Winkelmann emphasized the structural and functional importance of junctional regions of the body and focused on mucocutaneous end-organs, or 'genital corpuscles', of the glans penis and prepuce. Some of these end-organs resemble Krause end-bulbs; others resemble Meissner's corpuscles.
Meissner's corpuscles of the prepuce may be compared with similar nerve-endings in the finger-tips and lips, which respond in a fraction of a second to contact with light objects that bring about deformation of their capsules. However, complex sensation, at least in the glans penis, may be mediated by free nerve-endings rather than by specialized end-organs."
[The prepuce: Specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision. BJU.]
1996 Political victory against female genital cutting: Non-therapeutic female cutting in all forms were made illegal in the US. [United States Code, 2010 Ed., Title 18, Chapter 7 (Assault), §116 - Female genital mutilation]
1997 Edgar J. Schoen again suggested European countries should institute non-therapeutic circumcision. [Benefits of newborn circumcision: Is Europe ignoring the medical evidence? Arch Dis Child.]
1997 Lander et al. found that circumcision without anesthesia was extremely traumatic for babies. Before this, almost all neonatal cutting were done without anesthetic due to increased risks involved with using it and the prevalent false belief babies were not capable of feeling significant pain or can't remember it. [Comparison of ring block, dorsal penile nerve block, and topical anesthesia for neonatal circumcision. JAMA.]
1997 Taddio et al. wrote on the effect of the pain of infant circumcision being measurable later:
"Preliminary studies suggested that pain experienced by infants in the neonatal period may have long-lasting effects on future infant behaviour. The objectives of this study were to find out whether neonatal circumcision altered pain response at 4-month or 6-month vaccination compared with the response in uncircumcised infants...
"Multivariate ANOVA revealed a significant group effect (p < 0.001) in difference (vaccination minus baseline) values for percentage facial action, percentage cry time, and visual analogue scale pain scores. Univariate ANOVAs were significant for all outcome measures (p < 0.05): infants circumcised with placebo had higher difference scores than uncircumcised infants for percentage facial action (136.9 vs 77.5%), percentage cry duration (53.8 vs 24.7%), and visual analogue scale pain scores (5.1 vs 3.1 cm). There was a significant linear trend on all outcome measures, showing increasing pain scores from uncircumcised infants, to those circumcised with Emla [topical anesthetic], to those circumcised with placebo.
Circumcised infants showed a stronger pain response to subsequent routine vaccination than uncircumcised infants. Among the circumcised group, preoperative treatment with Emla attenuated the pain response to vaccination. We recommend [anesthetic] treatment to prevent neonatal circumcision pain."
[Effect of neonatal circumcision on pain response during subsequent routine vaccination. Lancet .]
1997 The AAP deems infant male circumcision to be an elective procedure rather than routine.
1998 Immerman and Mackey proposed that male genital cutting reorganizes the brain to restrain sexuality and positively influence both social and pair bonding. They noted: "It appears that any sensory deprivation of a system can also lead to cortical changes."
"They assumed desensitizing the penis should reduce sexuality, but that ignores the fact that genital cutting permanently externalizes the orgasmic interior parts of the penis. This sensorial change could as easily be thought to promote sexual thoughts. Supporting the later idea, there are exceptions, but generally homophobia is considerably more common in circumcising cultures or those derived from or strongly influenced by circumcising cultures. This could be because men with circumcised penises have more difficulty perceiving homosexuality as something other than sex."
1999 Cold & Taylor studied the foreskin's specialized innervation and concluded that it is "primary erogenous tissue necessary for normal sexual function." It is specialized, protective, erogenous tissue. A description of the complex nerve structure of the penis explains why anesthetics provide incomplete pain relief during circumcision. [The prepuce. BJU. pdf]
1999 The AAP Task Force on Circumcision reviewed 40 years worth of medical studies and concluded the "potential medical benefits of newborn male circumcision… are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision." This report was the first time the AAP acknowledged that circumcision without anesthesia is traumatic and that if circumcision is to be done, anesthesia should be used. Some highlights from the report:
Role of Hygiene: "there is little evidence to affirm the association between circumcision status and optimum penile hygiene."
STDs including HIV: "behavioral factors appear to be far more important than circumcision status."
Penile Cancer: "in a developed country such as the United States, penile cancer is a rare disease and the risk of penile cancer developing in an uncircumcised man, although increased compared with a circumcised man, is low."
Urinary Tract Infections: "breastfeeding was shown to have a threefold protective effect on the incidence of UTI in a sample of uncircumcised infants. However, breastfeeding status has not been evaluated systematically in studies assessing UTI and circumcision status." meaning that the earlier UTIs studies results were confounded. Even if their numbers were accurate, in order to prevent one UTI during the first year of life by circumcising a baby boy, approximately 195 babies who will not get a UTI would need to be circumcised. Curiously, while female infants develop UTIs at higher rates than boys, the standard treatment is antibiotics not surgery. The AAP concludes this section noting that "the absolute risk of developing a UTI in an uncircumcised male infant is low (at most, ~1%)".
[AAP Task Force on Circumcision. Circumcision Policy Statement, Pediatrics 1999;103(3):686-93.]

2000: ~62% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 75% of adult men

2003 Edgar J. Schoen pressured the AAP to reverse its policy on circumcision, claiming it prevents AIDS. [It's wise to circumcise: time to change policy. Pediatrics.]
2005-2007 Johns Hopkins three studies were all ended early with the conclusion that circumcision is "like a vaccine" that prevents HIV infection. These three African studies were widely reported falsely to be gold-standard evidence of major HIV benefit from circumcision. The results of the African RCTs could easily be explained by the varying levels of STI awareness counseling between the two groups because the counseling was provided along with the surgery. Selection bias in groups of men who wanted the surgery when half were denied what they wanted, while half were given the surgery they wanted and instructed about sexual disease and safe sex. In all the studies, five times more participants were lost than seroconverted. [Auvert, 2005; Bailey & Moses, 2005; Gray, 2007]
2000 The U.S. FDA "issued a public health notice about the Mogen and Gomco clamps after receiving about 20 injury reports a year since 1996, including lacerations, hemorrhaging, penile amputation and urethral damage. Instead of recalling the devices, the FDA advised users to make sure they were using the correct size Mogen clamp and that the space between the clamp's jaws met manufacturer's specifications. The agency also cautioned against using replacement parts on the Gomco clamp, which led it to malfunction.
But complications continued. In the 11 years between the FDA warnings and the Hall settlement, the agency has received 139 additional reports of problems related to circumcision clamps, including 51 injuries, said spokeswoman Amanda Sena. Twenty-one of those reports were related to Mogen clamps, all but one of which involved injuries. ["Injuries linked to circumcision clamps" Hennessy-Fiske. LA Times. 2011.]
2000 Circumcision is described as an intervention with long-term neurobehavioral effects:
"The brain of the newborn infant is particularly vulnerable to early adverse experiences, leading to abnormal development and behavior. Although several investigations have correlated newborn complications with abnormal adult behavior, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms remains rudimentary. Models of early experience, such as repetitive pain, sepsis, or maternal separation in rodents and other species have noted multiple alterations in the adult brain, correlated with specific behavioral types depending on the timing and nature of the adverse experience. The mechanisms mediating such changes in the newborn brain have remained largely unexplored. Maternal separation, sensory isolation (understimulation), and exposure to extreme or repetitive pain (overstimulation) may cause altered brain development. These changes promote two distinct behavioral types characterized by increased anxiety, altered pain sensitivity, stress disorders, hyperactivity/attention deficit disorder, leading to impaired social skills and patterns of self-destructive behavior. The clinical importance of these mechanisms lies in the prevention of early adverse experiences and effective treatment of newborn pain and stress."
[Anand, K. and Scalzo, F. Can Adverse Neonatal Experiences Alter Brain Development and Subsequent Behavior? Biol Neonate]
2001 Kenneth McGrath detailed the anatomy of the frenular delta. [The frenular delta: a new preputial structure In: Denniston GC, Hodges FM, Milos MF, editors. Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem]
2002 D. Taves tested the hypothesis the foreskin reduces friction finding it did so more than 10 times (when friction is great enough to engage this feature). [The intromission function of the foreskin. Med Hypotheses.]
2003 Bensley & Boyle found circumcision contributes to vaginal dryness. Women reported they were significantly more likely to have experienced vaginal dryness during intercourse with circumcised than with genitally intact men. [Effects of Male Circumcision on Female Arousal and Orgasm. N Z Med J.]
2007 M. Sorrells tested the fine touch sensitivity of the penis and found the foreskin is the most sensitive part of the penis, while the glans is the least. [Fine touch pressure thresholds in the adult penis. BJU Int.NSFW diagram comparing circumcised and intact sensitivity (penis graphic)]
"The most sensitive location on the circumcised penis was the circumcision scar on the ventral surface. Five locations on the uncircumcised penis that are routinely removed at circumcision had lower pressure thresholds [i.e., were more sensitive] than the ventral scar of the circumcised penis."
YouTube: Morris Sorrels discusses his test and it's results
2007 The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) recommended against performing female circumcision or other non-therapeutic female genital cutting surgeries, because the promotion of the surgery as sexually enhancing was not based on empirical evidence and the surgeries were not medically indicated. This was the first assertion of what had become common wisdom over only the past 30 years. Female cutting for benefits was being promoted in popular US media into the 1970s.

2010: ~58% of the newborn American male population is circumcised and 73% of adult men

https://preview.redd.it/2j9m4h0ilim51.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9d0171c30fc2358754a2e33b07eee15cfe0c4e6
2010 The American Academy of Pediatrics published a statement on Female Genital Cutting policy proposing a "ritual nick" to be performed by medical professionals. Outrage ensued. The statement was retracted one month later.
[Ritual Genital Cutting of Female Minors. AAP Committee in Bioethics]
2010 Royal Dutch Medical Association (KNMG) stated the foreskin is "a complex, erotogenic structure that plays an important role in the mechanical function of the penis during sexual acts, such as penetrative intercourse and masturbation". The organization also stated "circumcision of male minors is a violation of children’s rights to autonomy and physical integrity."
2011 Morten Frisch et al. examined associations of male circumcision with a range of measures of sexual dysfunction in both sexes.
The relevant graph from Circumstitions.com
"Age at first intercourse, perceived importance of a good sex life and current sexual activity differed little between circumcised and uncircumcised men or between women with circumcised and uncircumcised spouses. However, circumcised men reported more partners and were more likely to report frequent orgasm difficulties after adjustment for potential confounding factors [11 vs 4%, OR(adj) = 3.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.42-7.47], and women with circumcised spouses more often reported incomplete sexual needs fulfilment (38 vs 28%, OR(adj) = 2.09; 95% CI 1.05-4.16) and frequent sexual function difficulties overall (31 vs 22%, OR(adj) = 3.26; 95% CI 1.15-9.27), notably orgasm difficulties (19 vs 14%, OR(adj) = 2.66; 95% CI 1.07-6.66) and dyspareunia [painful intercourse] (12 vs 3%, OR(adj) = 8.45; 95% CI 3.01-23.74). Findings were stable in several robustness analyses, including one restricted to non-Jews and non-Moslems.
Our study shows hitherto unrecognized associations between male circumcision and sexual difficulties in both men and women. While confirmatory findings in other settings are warranted, notably from areas where neonatal circumcision is more common, our findings may inform doctors and parents of baby boys for whom the decision of whether or not to circumcise is not dictated by religious or cultural traditions. Additionally, since it appears from our study that both men and women may have fewer sexual problems when the man is uncircumcised, and because preputial plasties may sometimes serve as suitable alternatives to standard circumcision, our study may stimulate a more conservative, tissue-preserving attitude in situations where foreskin pathology requires surgical intervention."
[Male circumcision and sexual function in men and women: a survey-based, cross-sectional study in Denmark. Int J Epidemiol.]
YouTube: Medical researcher Morten Frisch speaks about research finding an increased rate of sexual difficulties correlating with circumcision
2012 S. Podnar found the ability to elicit the penilo-cavernosus reflex was suppressed by foreskin destruction. This reflex was non-elicitable in 8% of healthy intact men and 73% of the men with circumcised foreskin. [Clinical elicitation of the penilo-cavernosus reflex in circumcised men. BJU Int.]
2012 In a short-lived political victory followed by a loss, a Cologne District Court ruled that a boy's non-therapeutic circumcision constituted "bodily harm". In response to this legal precedent and resultant pressure from religious groups on politicians, the German legislature legalized non-therapeutic infant foreskin destruction less than a year later against the opinion of German Pediatricians and the majority of the nation.
2013 G. A. Bronselaer et al. surveyed over 1,000 intact and over 300 circumcised men in Belgium. They found:
"For the glans penis, circumcised men reported decreased sexual pleasure and lower orgasm intensity. They also stated more effort was required to achieve orgasm, and a higher percentage of them experienced unusual sensations (burning, prickling, itching, or tingling and numbness of the glans penis). For the penile shaft a higher percentage of circumcised men described discomfort and pain, numbness and unusual sensations. In comparison to men circumcised before puberty, men circumcised during adolescence or later indicated less sexual pleasure at the glans penis, and a higher percentage of them reported discomfort or pain and unusual sensations at the penile shaft.
This study confirms the importance of the foreskin for penile sensitivity, overall sexual satisfaction, and penile functioning. Furthermore, this study shows that a higher percentage of circumcised men experience discomfort or pain and unusual sensations as compared with the uncircumcised population. Before circumcision without medical indication, adult men, and parents considering circumcision of their sons, should be informed of the importance of the foreskin in male sexuality."
[Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort. BJU Int.]
2016 Jennofer Bossio publishes a study claiming no difference in penile sensitivity between circumcised and intact men. Though the intact men reported higher sensitivity for touch and vibration, she made her final conclusion based on the two groups response to pain, which showed jo statistical difference. [Examining Penile Sensitivity in Neonatally Circumcised and Intact Men Using Quantitative Sensory Testing. J Urol. 2016 Jun.]
The media, of course, ran with the conclusion, despite the methodological flaws in the study. Brian Earp discusses the study and it's limited impact on our understanding of long term effects of infant male circumcision.
[Infant Circumcision and Adult Penile Sensitivity.]
2017 The 2012 AAP statement on circumcision expired and since then, they have not released any policy statements on the procedure.
2018 In Iceland, the Progressive Party made a motion to ban all non therapeutic genital cutting of boys. The bill received massive pushback from religious communities. It has not been passed, but neither has it been scrapped.
[183/148 frumvarp: almenn hegningarlög]

Looking forward

This timeline is meant to help show the series of events that led us from a circumcision rate of almost zero, to a country of normalized, routine circumcision, and finally to a country desperately trying to justify the practice. Despite the most stubborn traditionalists, the practice is dying out. We can acknowledge the history of medical circumcision and recognize it is nothing but sexual violence and snake oil claims and bring this practice to a swift end, and ensure that out future children will live their lives with their whole bodies. Or we can cling to comforting lies, and allow the insecure and ignorant damage their children for life to protect their own egos. Future generations will look back at us now and have the same reactions of disgust and disbelief many readers here had when looking at the justifications given 100 or more years ago.
Our future children deserve better.

Previous: 1940-1979

submitted by DarthEquus to Intactivism [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:55 thechattyshow B1067 - Modern Slavery Bill - Amendment Division

Second Reading

Modern Slavery Bill 2020

A
BILL
TO
Consolidate offences of modern slavery and human trafficking; introduce reparation orders to support victims of these crimes; give clearer powers for the seizure of vehicles involved in trafficking; introduce a prevention order to restrict actions that those convicted of human trafficking or modern slavery could take; ensure victims forced into committing crimes by virtue of human trafficking or modern slavery have protections in law; introduce reporting requirements for businesses to shine a light on this crime in supply chains; and connected purposes.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:–
1. Interpretations
(1) For the purposes of this Act-
“modern slavery and human trafficking” means conduct which commits an offence under:
(a) Section 59A of the Sexual Offences Act 2003
(b) Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
(c) Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
(d) Section 47 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2003
(e) Section 2 and 3 of this Act
“hold a person in slavery or servitude” or to “require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour” are taken to mean the definitions contained within Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulation, amend legislation into Section 1(1) if they deem them to be materially similar crimes.
2. Slavery Offences
(1) Any person who—
(a) holds a person in slavery or servitude where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is held in slavery or servitude.
(b) requires a person to perform forced or compulsory labour where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
shall be guilty of an offence
(2) In determining whether a person is being held in slavery, servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances, such as the person’ personal circumstances which may make the person more vulnerable.
(3) The consent of a person kept under the conditions listed in subsection (1) does not preclude the person from a determination that they are being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. Human trafficking and exploitation
(1) It is an offence to arrange or facilitate the travel of another person (“A”) with a view of A being exploited.
(2) It is irrelevant whether “A” has consented to travel.
(3) A person has committed an offence under subsection (1) only if—
(a) the person intends to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel, or
(b) the person knows or ought to know that another person plans or is likely to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel.
(3) For the purposes of this section, “travel” is taken to mean arriving, entering, departing or travelling within any country.
(4) For the purposes of this section, A is a victim of exploitation if —
(a) it involves the commission of an offence under section 1 of his Act, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(b) it involves the commission of an offence under—
(i) section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978, or
(ii) Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as it has effect in England or Wales, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(c) it involves the commission of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(d) A is subject to force, threats or deception designed to get A to—
(i) provide services of any kind;
(ii) provide another person with benefits of any kind, or;
(iii) enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.
(e) another person has chosen “A” for a purpose within Section 3(4)(d) of this Act on the grounds that—
(i) they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and
(ii) that person would likely refuse to be used for that purpose if it was not for the fact they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person.
4. Reparation Orders
(1) A reparation order is an order requiring the person against whom it is made to pay compensation to the victim of an offence under this Act for any harm resulting from that offence.
(2) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) that person has been convicted of an offence under Section 1 or 2, and
(b) a confiscation order is made against the person in respect of such an offence.
(3) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) a confiscation order has been made against a person in respect of an offence under Section 2 or 3 by virtue of Section 28 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and
(b) that person is later convicted of the offence.
(4) If the court considers that—
(a) it would be appropriate both to impose a fine and to make a reparation order, but
(b) the person has insufficient means to pay both of these things,
the court must give preference to the reparation order.
(5) Where the court has the power to make a reparation order but does not do so, the court must give reasons why this decision was made.
(6) In determining the amount to be paid by the person under a reparation order, the court must have regard to-
(a) the amount of work undertaken by the victim and how much they would ordinarily have earned from that work, or work they were previously employed at immediately before the exploitation began, and
(b) the toll the crime has taken on the physical and mental health of the victim.
(7) The court may decide that, due to Section 3(6)(b), the reparation order should be the value of Section 3(6)(a) multiplied by one, two or three.
(8) A reparation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 may not both be made in respect of the same offence.
(9) For the purposes of this Section, “the court” means—
(a) the Crown Court, or
(b) any magistrates court that has the power to make a confiscation order by virtue of an order under section 97 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
(10) For the purposes of this Section, a “confiscation order” means an order under Section 6 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
(11) Section 6 of the Immigration Act 2015 is hereby repealed.
5. Seizure of land vehicles, ships or aircraft
(1) The court may order the seizure of a vehicle used or intended to be used in connection with an offence under Section 2 if the convicted person—
(a) owned the land vehicle at the time the offence was committed;
(b) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which owned the vehicle;
(c) was at that time in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(d) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which was in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(e) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, a charterer of it;
(f) was, in the case of a land vehicle, driving it in the course of the commission of the offence, or
(g) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, committed the offence while acting as captain of it.
(2) Where a person who claims to have an interest in a vehicle applies to a court to make representations about its forfeiture, the court may not order its forfeiture without giving that person the opportunity to make representations.
(3) If a person has been arrested for an offence under Section 2, a vehicle may be temporarily detained—
(a) until a decision is taken as to whether or not to charge that person with the offence.
(b) if that person is charged, until that person is acquitted, the charges are dismissed or the proceedings are discontinued.
(c) if that person is convicted, until the court decides whether or not to order the forfeiture of the vehicle.
(4) For the purpose of this Section, a “vehicle” is taken to mean a land vehicle, aircraft or ship.
6. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Order
(1) A modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order prohibits the person for whom it is made against from doing anything described in that order which are necessary for the purpose of protecting persons or a particular person from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the defendant committed a model slavery or human trafficking offence.
(2) The order may prohibit someone from doing things inside or outside the United Kingdom.
(3) The order may prohibit foreign travel for a fixed period of not more than 5 years.
(a) If the court is satisfied it is necessary, this may be extended by a further 5 years an indefinite number of times.
(b) The court may order the surrender of a passport if all foreign travel is prohibited for a period of not more than 5 years, which may be renewed under Section 6(3)(a).
(4) The order may specify different periods of time for different prohibitions in the order.
(5) The court may make an interim order under this section until it has made a determination on the merits of a full order if it is deemed necessary for public good.
(5) The Secretary of State must, within 90 days of the passage of this Act, pass such regulations which are necessary to support the implementation of this section.
(a) These regulations must include guidance on the appeals process.
(b) These regulations must contain further guidance on factors the court must consider before granting an order in this section.
(7) A person who breaks a modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order, or knowingly facilitates someone doing that, commits an offence.
(a) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend into Section 6(7) any similar prevention orders under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland.
7. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement
(1) A commercial organisation must prepare a “Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement” for each financial year.
(2) A statement under Section 2(1) of this Act should include:
(a) actions, if any, that they have taken in the financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in the supply chain of the commercial organisation or the commercial organisation itself;
(b) the policies of the commercial organisation towards modern slavery and human trafficking;
(c) the due dilligence process that the commercial organisation undertakes with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking in its business or supply chain;
(d) which parts of the business or supply chain are at a high risk of seeing model slavery or human trafficking and what steps are taken to assess and manage this risk;
(e) how effective the commercial organisation has been in ensuring modern slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chain, and how effective it has been in taking action where it is found to be, and;
(f) how relevant staff are trained on identifying and dealing with modern slavery and human trafficking.
(3) A statement under section 2(1) must be
(a) approved by the board of directors (or equivalent) and signed by a director (or equivalent) if the organisation is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership.
(b) approved by the members and signed by a designated member if a limited liability partnership.
(c) approved and signed by a general partner if a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.
(d) approved and signed by a partner if any other kind of partnership
(4) A statement under section 7(1) must be published on a company’s website or, if not possible, provided in writing to anyone who makes a written request for a copy of the statement within 30 days.
(5) A statement must be published within 30 days of the end of the financial year.
(a) The first Section 7(1) statement need only be made 30 days after the end of the financial year for which this Act receives royal assent in.
(6) For the purposes of this Section, a “commercial organisation” is something which:
(a) supplies goods or services, and;
(b) has an annual total turnover of £12 million or more.
(3) For the purposes of this Section, “partnership” is taken to mean:
(a) a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890,
(b) a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907, or
(c) a firm formed under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.
8. Victims who commit an offence
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so,
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking, and
(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.
(2) A person may be compelled by another, or by the person’s characteristics.
(3) Compulsion is attributable to slavery or to relevant exploitation if-
(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes an offence under this Act, or,
(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of slavery, or a victim of relevant exploitation.
(4) In this section, all references to an act include references to an omission.
9. Witnesses in criminal proceedings
(1) For the purposes of this section, “the Act” means The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999
(1) In Section 17(4) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(2) In Section 25(4)(a) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(4) In Section 33(6)(d) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
10. Duty to notify the Secretary of State about suspected victims
(1) If a public authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery, they must notify the Secretary of State or, if regulations are made, anyone in those regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations issue guidance on who public authorities must notify.
11. Extent, Short Title and Commencement
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 6, 10 and 11.
(2) This act may be referred to as the Modern Slavery Act 2020.
(3) This act shall come into force the day after royal assent.
This Bill was written by The Rt. Honourable Sir Tommy2Boys KT KCB KBE CT LVO PC MSP MP, Secretary of State for Defence, and is cosponsored by The Rt. Honourable Sir MatthewHinton12345 KG GCMG MBE MP, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for the Home Department, on behalf of the 26th Government. This Bill is inspired in part by the Modern Slavery Act 2015
OPENING SPEECH
By Tommy2Boys
Mr Deputy Speaker
I rise today to present this comprehensive piece of legislation with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking. At the last election, my party stood on a manifesto which, in part, spoke about fighting issues just like this. In the year ending up to March 2019, over 5000 cases of modern slavery were recorded by police in the UK. This is clearly a problem in our country, and I am immensely proud that the first piece of legislation that this Government will present will go a long way in tackling this matter. I want to thank the Home Secretary for their support in crafting this legislation and the Justice Secretary also for his advice and guidance on it.
Section 2 and 3 introduce new, clearly defined definitions for the offences of modern slavery and human trafficking. Section 2(3) specifically means that even though someone may consent to it, that does not mean they are not a victim. This is important because someone may agree to something not being fully aware of what they signed up to, or not being aware that they are being exploited in the first place by what they have agreed. Section 3 also includes provisions that if exploitation is intended to be committed outside of England and Wales, the smuggling of the potential victim, whether consented or not, can still be a crime if the aim is to exploit them when they get to their destination.
Section 4 introduces reparation orders. These ensure victims of these horrific crimes will get fair compensation. This section repeals a part of the Immigraton Act 2015. The reason we have done this is partly to have modern slavery all in one bill, but also to tighten the law around them and make the guidance easier for courts to understand.
Section 5 gives clear powers for police to seize vehicles, land sea or air, which could be or have been involved in modern slavery or human trafficking. Safeguards of course exist in the legislation, but it is right that such vehicles be taken away to ensure this cannot happen again.
Section 6 creates prevention orders. Courts will have the power to issue these prevention orders primarily to those who have already committed a modern slavery or human trafficking offence. These may include, for example, blocking someone from travelling abroad if it is likely they will commit offences abroad which would be illegal in England and Wales with regards to exploitation, modern slavery and human trafficking.
Section 7 is perhaps the longest section of the bill, but is actually a very simple concept. Businesses should not be using modern slavery in their supply chains. By shining a light on it, the public will know which businesses they buy from have it in its supply chain, and businesses will be able to move away from using them so that nobody is benefiting from this practice.
Section 8 ensures victims who may be forced into committing other crimes are not punished for it, with obvious reasonable safeguards in place.
Section 9 introduces new protection for victims involving giving evidence. Section 9(1) gives them assistance.
Finally Mr Deputy Speaker, Section 10 ensures there is a duty to notify the Secretary of State or relevant bodies once regulations are published where they believe modern slavery or human trafficking is taking place. This will ensure that public authorities will play their full part in the fight against these crimes.
This is a Bill which I have long been passionate about passing. Let’s give the Government and authorities the powers they need to tackle these crimes, whilst ensuring businesses and public authorities do their bit as well. I commend this bill to the House.
A01
In Section 11(1) of the bill, substitute—
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 1, 7 and 11.
Explanatory Note: The author of the legislation has said that due to some last minute changing around of sections, the extent clauses are currently slightly inaccurate as to what should extend to England and Wales, and what should extend to the whole United Kingdom. Section 6 and 10 should apply to England and Wales only, whilst Section 7 should apply to the whole United Kingdom. These are the only changes in this amendment.
jas1066
A02
In Section 4 (“Reparation Orders”) (7) strike “one, two or three” and replace with “a whole number not less than three and not greater than 10”
Explanation: My Lords, such amendment will ensure that those engaging in labour exploitation and modern slavery always run the risk of ending up paying much higher reparations than if they did the lawful and moral right by employing people according to the law of the land. It is, as such, a straightforward amendment that I hope the House will accept.
Quentivo
A03
Insert a new section 8(5):
(5) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is not aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so, and
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking.
sosaturnistic
A04
Insert a new section 9 and renumber:
9. Defence not to apply with certain offences
(1) A defence in section 8 does not apply if the offence is listed in subsection (2).
(2) The offences to which a defence in section 8 does not apply are the following—
(a) murder;
(b) treason;
(c) kidnapping;
(d) an offence under the Sexual Offences Act 2003;
(e) an offence under section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Trafficking people for labour and other exploitation);
(f) an offence against the person;
(g) an offence under the Terrorism Act 2000, the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, or the Terrorism Act 2006; and
(h) an offence under section 3 of this Act.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend subsection (2), subject to the affirmative procedure.
sosaturnistic
Vote on each amendment, you know the drill.
Division ends 20th.
submitted by thechattyshow to MHOLVote [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 22:43 thechattyshow B1067 - Modern Slavery Bill - Amendment Reading

Second Reading

Modern Slavery Bill 2020

A
BILL
TO
Consolidate offences of modern slavery and human trafficking; introduce reparation orders to support victims of these crimes; give clearer powers for the seizure of vehicles involved in trafficking; introduce a prevention order to restrict actions that those convicted of human trafficking or modern slavery could take; ensure victims forced into committing crimes by virtue of human trafficking or modern slavery have protections in law; introduce reporting requirements for businesses to shine a light on this crime in supply chains; and connected purposes.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:–
1. Interpretations
(1) For the purposes of this Act-
“modern slavery and human trafficking” means conduct which commits an offence under:
(a) Section 59A of the Sexual Offences Act 2003
(b) Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
(c) Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
(d) Section 47 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2003
(e) Section 2 and 3 of this Act
“hold a person in slavery or servitude” or to “require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour” are taken to mean the definitions contained within Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulation, amend legislation into Section 1(1) if they deem them to be materially similar crimes.
2. Slavery Offences
(1) Any person who—
(a) holds a person in slavery or servitude where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is held in slavery or servitude.
(b) requires a person to perform forced or compulsory labour where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
shall be guilty of an offence
(2) In determining whether a person is being held in slavery, servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances, such as the person’ personal circumstances which may make the person more vulnerable.
(3) The consent of a person kept under the conditions listed in subsection (1) does not preclude the person from a determination that they are being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. Human trafficking and exploitation
(1) It is an offence to arrange or facilitate the travel of another person (“A”) with a view of A being exploited.
(2) It is irrelevant whether “A” has consented to travel.
(3) A person has committed an offence under subsection (1) only if—
(a) the person intends to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel, or
(b) the person knows or ought to know that another person plans or is likely to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel.
(3) For the purposes of this section, “travel” is taken to mean arriving, entering, departing or travelling within any country.
(4) For the purposes of this section, A is a victim of exploitation if —
(a) it involves the commission of an offence under section 1 of his Act, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(b) it involves the commission of an offence under—
(i) section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978, or
(ii) Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as it has effect in England or Wales, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(c) it involves the commission of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(d) A is subject to force, threats or deception designed to get A to—
(i) provide services of any kind;
(ii) provide another person with benefits of any kind, or;
(iii) enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.
(e) another person has chosen “A” for a purpose within Section 3(4)(d) of this Act on the grounds that—
(i) they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and
(ii) that person would likely refuse to be used for that purpose if it was not for the fact they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person.
4. Reparation Orders
(1) A reparation order is an order requiring the person against whom it is made to pay compensation to the victim of an offence under this Act for any harm resulting from that offence.
(2) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) that person has been convicted of an offence under Section 1 or 2, and
(b) a confiscation order is made against the person in respect of such an offence.
(3) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) a confiscation order has been made against a person in respect of an offence under Section 2 or 3 by virtue of Section 28 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and
(b) that person is later convicted of the offence.
(4) If the court considers that—
(a) it would be appropriate both to impose a fine and to make a reparation order, but
(b) the person has insufficient means to pay both of these things,
the court must give preference to the reparation order.
(5) Where the court has the power to make a reparation order but does not do so, the court must give reasons why this decision was made.
(6) In determining the amount to be paid by the person under a reparation order, the court must have regard to-
(a) the amount of work undertaken by the victim and how much they would ordinarily have earned from that work, or work they were previously employed at immediately before the exploitation began, and
(b) the toll the crime has taken on the physical and mental health of the victim.
(7) The court may decide that, due to Section 3(6)(b), the reparation order should be the value of Section 3(6)(a) multiplied by one, two or three.
(8) A reparation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 may not both be made in respect of the same offence.
(9) For the purposes of this Section, “the court” means—
(a) the Crown Court, or
(b) any magistrates court that has the power to make a confiscation order by virtue of an order under section 97 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
(10) For the purposes of this Section, a “confiscation order” means an order under Section 6 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
(11) Section 6 of the Immigration Act 2015 is hereby repealed.
5. Seizure of land vehicles, ships or aircraft
(1) The court may order the seizure of a vehicle used or intended to be used in connection with an offence under Section 2 if the convicted person—
(a) owned the land vehicle at the time the offence was committed;
(b) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which owned the vehicle;
(c) was at that time in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(d) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which was in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(e) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, a charterer of it;
(f) was, in the case of a land vehicle, driving it in the course of the commission of the offence, or
(g) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, committed the offence while acting as captain of it.
(2) Where a person who claims to have an interest in a vehicle applies to a court to make representations about its forfeiture, the court may not order its forfeiture without giving that person the opportunity to make representations.
(3) If a person has been arrested for an offence under Section 2, a vehicle may be temporarily detained—
(a) until a decision is taken as to whether or not to charge that person with the offence.
(b) if that person is charged, until that person is acquitted, the charges are dismissed or the proceedings are discontinued.
(c) if that person is convicted, until the court decides whether or not to order the forfeiture of the vehicle.
(4) For the purpose of this Section, a “vehicle” is taken to mean a land vehicle, aircraft or ship.
6. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Order
(1) A modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order prohibits the person for whom it is made against from doing anything described in that order which are necessary for the purpose of protecting persons or a particular person from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the defendant committed a model slavery or human trafficking offence.
(2) The order may prohibit someone from doing things inside or outside the United Kingdom.
(3) The order may prohibit foreign travel for a fixed period of not more than 5 years.
(a) If the court is satisfied it is necessary, this may be extended by a further 5 years an indefinite number of times.
(b) The court may order the surrender of a passport if all foreign travel is prohibited for a period of not more than 5 years, which may be renewed under Section 6(3)(a).
(4) The order may specify different periods of time for different prohibitions in the order.
(5) The court may make an interim order under this section until it has made a determination on the merits of a full order if it is deemed necessary for public good.
(5) The Secretary of State must, within 90 days of the passage of this Act, pass such regulations which are necessary to support the implementation of this section.
(a) These regulations must include guidance on the appeals process.
(b) These regulations must contain further guidance on factors the court must consider before granting an order in this section.
(7) A person who breaks a modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order, or knowingly facilitates someone doing that, commits an offence.
(a) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend into Section 6(7) any similar prevention orders under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland.
7. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement
(1) A commercial organisation must prepare a “Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement” for each financial year.
(2) A statement under Section 2(1) of this Act should include:
(a) actions, if any, that they have taken in the financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in the supply chain of the commercial organisation or the commercial organisation itself;
(b) the policies of the commercial organisation towards modern slavery and human trafficking;
(c) the due dilligence process that the commercial organisation undertakes with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking in its business or supply chain;
(d) which parts of the business or supply chain are at a high risk of seeing model slavery or human trafficking and what steps are taken to assess and manage this risk;
(e) how effective the commercial organisation has been in ensuring modern slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chain, and how effective it has been in taking action where it is found to be, and;
(f) how relevant staff are trained on identifying and dealing with modern slavery and human trafficking.
(3) A statement under section 2(1) must be
(a) approved by the board of directors (or equivalent) and signed by a director (or equivalent) if the organisation is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership.
(b) approved by the members and signed by a designated member if a limited liability partnership.
(c) approved and signed by a general partner if a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.
(d) approved and signed by a partner if any other kind of partnership
(4) A statement under section 7(1) must be published on a company’s website or, if not possible, provided in writing to anyone who makes a written request for a copy of the statement within 30 days.
(5) A statement must be published within 30 days of the end of the financial year.
(a) The first Section 7(1) statement need only be made 30 days after the end of the financial year for which this Act receives royal assent in.
(6) For the purposes of this Section, a “commercial organisation” is something which:
(a) supplies goods or services, and;
(b) has an annual total turnover of £12 million or more.
(3) For the purposes of this Section, “partnership” is taken to mean:
(a) a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890,
(b) a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907, or
(c) a firm formed under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.
8. Victims who commit an offence
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so,
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking, and
(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.
(2) A person may be compelled by another, or by the person’s characteristics.
(3) Compulsion is attributable to slavery or to relevant exploitation if-
(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes an offence under this Act, or,
(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of slavery, or a victim of relevant exploitation.
(4) In this section, all references to an act include references to an omission.
9. Witnesses in criminal proceedings
(1) For the purposes of this section, “the Act” means The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999
(1) In Section 17(4) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(2) In Section 25(4)(a) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(4) In Section 33(6)(d) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
10. Duty to notify the Secretary of State about suspected victims
(1) If a public authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery, they must notify the Secretary of State or, if regulations are made, anyone in those regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations issue guidance on who public authorities must notify.
11. Extent, Short Title and Commencement
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 6, 10 and 11.
(2) This act may be referred to as the Modern Slavery Act 2020.
(3) This act shall come into force the day after royal assent.
This Bill was written by The Rt. Honourable Sir Tommy2Boys KT KCB KBE CT LVO PC MSP MP, Secretary of State for Defence, and is cosponsored by The Rt. Honourable Sir MatthewHinton12345 KG GCMG MBE MP, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for the Home Department, on behalf of the 26th Government. This Bill is inspired in part by the Modern Slavery Act 2015
OPENING SPEECH
By Tommy2Boys
Mr Deputy Speaker
I rise today to present this comprehensive piece of legislation with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking. At the last election, my party stood on a manifesto which, in part, spoke about fighting issues just like this. In the year ending up to March 2019, over 5000 cases of modern slavery were recorded by police in the UK. This is clearly a problem in our country, and I am immensely proud that the first piece of legislation that this Government will present will go a long way in tackling this matter. I want to thank the Home Secretary for their support in crafting this legislation and the Justice Secretary also for his advice and guidance on it.
Section 2 and 3 introduce new, clearly defined definitions for the offences of modern slavery and human trafficking. Section 2(3) specifically means that even though someone may consent to it, that does not mean they are not a victim. This is important because someone may agree to something not being fully aware of what they signed up to, or not being aware that they are being exploited in the first place by what they have agreed. Section 3 also includes provisions that if exploitation is intended to be committed outside of England and Wales, the smuggling of the potential victim, whether consented or not, can still be a crime if the aim is to exploit them when they get to their destination.
Section 4 introduces reparation orders. These ensure victims of these horrific crimes will get fair compensation. This section repeals a part of the Immigraton Act 2015. The reason we have done this is partly to have modern slavery all in one bill, but also to tighten the law around them and make the guidance easier for courts to understand.
Section 5 gives clear powers for police to seize vehicles, land sea or air, which could be or have been involved in modern slavery or human trafficking. Safeguards of course exist in the legislation, but it is right that such vehicles be taken away to ensure this cannot happen again.
Section 6 creates prevention orders. Courts will have the power to issue these prevention orders primarily to those who have already committed a modern slavery or human trafficking offence. These may include, for example, blocking someone from travelling abroad if it is likely they will commit offences abroad which would be illegal in England and Wales with regards to exploitation, modern slavery and human trafficking.
Section 7 is perhaps the longest section of the bill, but is actually a very simple concept. Businesses should not be using modern slavery in their supply chains. By shining a light on it, the public will know which businesses they buy from have it in its supply chain, and businesses will be able to move away from using them so that nobody is benefiting from this practice.
Section 8 ensures victims who may be forced into committing other crimes are not punished for it, with obvious reasonable safeguards in place.
Section 9 introduces new protection for victims involving giving evidence. Section 9(1) gives them assistance.
Finally Mr Deputy Speaker, Section 10 ensures there is a duty to notify the Secretary of State or relevant bodies once regulations are published where they believe modern slavery or human trafficking is taking place. This will ensure that public authorities will play their full part in the fight against these crimes.
This is a Bill which I have long been passionate about passing. Let’s give the Government and authorities the powers they need to tackle these crimes, whilst ensuring businesses and public authorities do their bit as well. I commend this bill to the House.
A01
In Section 11(1) of the bill, substitute—
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 1, 7 and 11.
Explanatory Note: The author of the legislation has said that due to some last minute changing around of sections, the extent clauses are currently slightly inaccurate as to what should extend to England and Wales, and what should extend to the whole United Kingdom. Section 6 and 10 should apply to England and Wales only, whilst Section 7 should apply to the whole United Kingdom. These are the only changes in this amendment.
jas1066
A02
In Section 4 (“Reparation Orders”) (7) strike “one, two or three” and replace with “a whole number not less than three and not greater than 10”
Explanation: My Lords, such amendment will ensure that those engaging in labour exploitation and modern slavery always run the risk of ending up paying much higher reparations than if they did the lawful and moral right by employing people according to the law of the land. It is, as such, a straightforward amendment that I hope the House will accept.
Quentivo
A03
Insert a new section 8(5):
(5) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is not aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so, and
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking.
sosaturnistic
A04
Insert a new section 9 and renumber:
9. Defence not to apply with certain offences
(1) A defence in section 8 does not apply if the offence is listed in subsection (2).
(2) The offences to which a defence in section 8 does not apply are the following—
(a) murder;
(b) treason;
(c) kidnapping;
(d) an offence under the Sexual Offences Act 2003;
(e) an offence under section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Trafficking people for labour and other exploitation);
(f) an offence against the person;
(g) an offence under the Terrorism Act 2000, the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, or the Terrorism Act 2006; and
(h) an offence under section 3 of this Act.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend subsection (2), subject to the affirmative procedure.
sosaturnistic
Go debate these amendments.
In addition, the spag amendments submitted by Saturn and Quentivo have been accepted.
Reading will end on the 16th September
submitted by thechattyshow to MHOL [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 16:05 ZandrickEllison Offseason Blueprint: It may feel like the sky is falling for the Milwaukee Bucks, but they're still in rare air right now

The playoffs continue to rage on, but there are 25 teams sitting at home with nothing to do but twiddle their thumbs, tinker with their fantasy football teams, and wait for next season to start.
For their sake, we wanted to look ahead with the next edition of the OFFSEASON BLUEPRINT series. In each, we'll preview some big decisions and make some recommendations for plans of attack along the way. Today, we're looking at the Milwaukee Bucks.
step one: plug your ears and get back to work
There's no getting around it: the 2019-20 playoffs were a disaster for the Milwaukee Bucks. This was a team that had been # 1 all year in terms of win record, SRS, defensive rating, etc. Consider this. Their +10.1 point differential in the regular season was the best in the entire NBA by a margin of 3.7 (next best was +6.4). That means their point differential was 58% better than the next closest team. Based on all that, losing 4-1 in the second round feels like an abject failure, regardless of whether Giannis Antetokounmpo was hobbled or not, and regardless of whether the Miami Heat were a "tough matchup" or not. Championship teams need to leap past those hurdles on their way to the finish line.
What's more concerning from Bucks' fans perspective is how familiar this all must feel. Forget Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (who won the title before his exit), because younger fans won't remember that period anyway. However, all of us can look around at recent history and feel some sense of deja vu.
Primarily, I'm thinking about LeBron James' first stint in Cleveland. The superstar landed on a small market, and lifted them into high-profile and contender status. In 2006-07, 22-year-old James led the Cavs all the way to the Finals, only to get swept 4-0 by the veteran San Antonio Spurs. After that, we naturally presumed that James and the Cavs would get better and better and eventually reach the promised land. And they did -- in the regular season. By 2008-09, LeBron James had become the league MVP, leading the Cavs to finish with a 66-16 record (best in the NBA.) That season, they lost a tough Conference Finals. The next season, James won MVP again, and the Cavs finished with the best record in the league again. Only this time, they got bounced in round TWO.
The Bucks are on that exact same trend. Giannis has won two MVPs in a row -- the Bucks have grabbed the # 1 seed two years in a row -- and they've disappointed in the playoffs two years in a row.
We all remember what happened after the Cavs' hit that roadblock -- LeBron James left the following year. Giannis isn't a free agent yet, but he theoretically could push for a trade, or he could simply wait until next offseason to fly the coop. We've already started to hear the whispers. Miami. Toronto. Golden State. If he wants to mimic LeBron James' career arc, he may be eyeing the Dallas Mavericks, their cap space, and their young international stars. It can be their own version of a super team: the Big III.
If you're a Bucks fan or executive, that fear should keep you up at night. That paranoia may be real.
But still, you can't live in the fear. You need to keep pushing forward, ignoring all the gossip, all the media rumors, all the instagram tea leaves. Even if some of it's real, you need to block it out. You have a job to do. Win. Championship-caliber teams and title chances don't come along very often in a league with 30 teams. Even if they just run it back, the Bucks have a chance to win the championship. Even if it's just for one more year, even if it's your own Last Dance, you strap on your dancing shoes and go for it.
After all, there's no Giannis trade that's going to make sense from a basketball perspective. If you lose Giannis (via trade or via free agency), you may never be in this position ever again. This is it. This is your chance. Be grateful that you even get one, because most front offices and coaching staffs don't.
step two: build a title machine, not a title team
When you're scared that your superstar may leave, there's a tendency to get desperate with "win now!" moves. The Cleveland Cavaliers did the same with LeBron James, adding players like old Ben Wallace and old Shaq. Didn't work.
There may be some temptation to do the same here, with names like Chris Paul already being thrown around. Presumably, the logic goes that if the Bucks win in 2021, then Giannis won't leave.
But we also have recent history to suggest that's not true either. The Toronto Raptors acquired Kawhi Leonard, won the championship, and still lost him in free agency. Players don't base their decisions around the past; they base decisions about what's best for their FUTURE.
By those standards, the Bucks need to be concerned. They've built the roster around Giannis, but it's a fairly old roster. Khris Middleton is still in his prime, but Eric Bledsoe is already 30 (and under contract for 3 more years.) Brook Lopez is 32 (and under contract for 3 more years.) Wes Matthews is 33, and George Hill is 34. This is a supporting cast that may have peaked, and may get worse and worse over time. Would Giannis want to sign a long-term contract with a team with diminishing returns around him?
With that in mind, the Bucks should only make a major trade if it yields a star in his 20s. No Chris Paul, no Al Horford. The ideal acquisitions for this team would be players like Bradley Beal (27 years old) or C.J. McCollum (28). Both of them can space the floor for Giannis, but also create their own scoring as well. Better yet, their skill sets should age well and keep them valuable for the next 4-5 years. If Giannis gave the greenlight (and signed on the dotted line), the Bucks could make a Clippers-PG3 esque move and mortgage their future drafts to acquire a star like that.
Realistically, that may be too high of a bar. They're the template, but they're likely out of the Bucks' price range in terms of assets. Other candidates that have been floated on the market include Buddy Hield (a super fit as a shooter), and Otto Porter (injury prone and expensive, but still effective as a 3+D player when healthy.) Jrue Holiday may be an intriguing option, although he'd technically break our rule because he just turned "30" in June. Still, Holiday is a great guy and a versatile defender, so he may be worth betraying our bolded mandate.
step three: no weak links allowed in the machine
We've been taught through history lessons and Michael Jordan mythology that the best player in the NBA is supposed to win the title, no matter what. Alas, it's nearly impossible in today's climate for a superstar to win a championship without a great supporting cast. Either you need a superstar teammate, or an incredibly balanced roster around you.
The Bucks have a very good supporting cast, but it's probably a little shy of title worthy. The shooting guard position is a potential weak link.
Current starter Wes Matthews is a tough dude who fits the 3+D profile, but his 3 and his D ain't quite what it used to be. He still fights admirably, but he's approaching 34 and saddled with a lot of mileage and injury history. This season, he struggled to find his rhythm offensively, registering a 54.7% true shooting. That's actually not a bad number on its own, but it was the lowest among the Bucks' top 10 rotation players.
With Matthews aging, the hope is that 23-year-old Donte DiVicenzo can step up and grab hold of that mantle. That's still up in the air. DiVicenzo has virtues: good athleticism, good energy, solid defense, but he's still developing his shot and learning to play under control. It may be a leap of faith to presume that he'd be ready to start for a title team next season. Meanwhile, Pat Connaughton is OK, but he's a free agent and wouldn't be any great shakes himself.
Presuming we don't land a great trade, what do we do here? The options may be limited, given the lack of cap space and movable trade assets.
The Bucks may need to find a place-holder again until they're confident that DiVicenzo can play 25-30 minutes a night. You may be able to find a decent stopgap in the trade market: someone like Terrence Ross (ORL), or Reggie Bullock (NYK), or Jeremy Lamb (IND).
The New Orleans Pelicans would intrigue me as potential trade partner, given their abundance of riches (and question marks) at the guard position. They'll have Jrue Holiday and Lonzo Ball under contract, as well as promising combo guards like Nickeil Alexander-Walker and Josh Hart. Those latter two may be great options for the Bucks' long-term approach. If "short term" is the goal, then you'd have to consider J.J. Redick as well. The defense and age are issues, but Redick still lit it up to the tune of 45% shooting from 3 this year. Platooning Redick and DiVincenzo isn't a terrible option. And hell, let's throw one more Pelican into the mix. If I ran the Bucks, I'd try to sign free agent E'Twaun Moore, an underrated 3+D player who got lost in the shuffle this season. Moore has enough length to play the 2 or 3, and could soak up 25 minutes for the team. Adding more competent wings would also give the team some flexibility in their lineups and rotations to go big or small as they please.
step four: if all else fails, embrace organic farming
Let's say the Milwaukee Bucks don't acquire a third star. Let's say they don't land an upgrade on the margins either. Let's say they have to enter 2020-21 with this exact same roster. If that's the case, they're still likely going to win 50+ games, still likely going to be a threat to make the Finals. It's not the end of the world by any stretch.
However, if the Bucks can't shake up or tweak their roster, then they're going to have to rely more on internal improvements. We already mentioned Donte DiVincenzo as a major piece of the future and a potential starter down the road. It'd be great if we could see that trajectory for PF D.J. Wilson as well. After doing nothing as a rookie, he started to find some footing as a sophomore (playing 18.4 minutes a night.) But instead of improve again, he took a sizable step back.
If Wilson can shake it off and get back on schedule, it would be very helpful for the team. PF Marvin Williams is retiring, and PF Ersan Ilyasova is 33 years old himself. It's imperative that the Bucks find a capable stretch PF for the future, not only to back up Giannis at the 4 but also to play alongside him when he slides over to the 5.
This draft may also represent an opportunity to add a rotation player. The Bucks will have Indiana's draft pick -- # 24 overall. It's not likely to yield a star, but they should be able to find a contributor.
Let's take a look at some names to file away. Tyrell Terry (Stanford) is a smaller guard, but he's an elite shooter (41% from 3, 89% from the FT line.) Perhaps he can be our C.J. McCollum -- or at least, our Seth (not Steph) Curry off the bench. Terry's ranked in the 20s, but some sites like The Ringer have him a lot higher (# 9 for them.) Speaking of potential sleepers, I'd be intrigued by PF/C Killian Tillie (Gonzaga). He's also a top notch shooter for his position. He's limited in terms of defense and durability, but playing next to Giannis can cure a lot of problems. I also like SF Robert Woodard II (Mississippi State), a 6'7" wing with 3+D potential.
Regardless of who the Bucks take, they need to show that they can develop him well. As we've mentioned numerous times, this is an older supporting cast that will slowly decay. Replacing those talents with competent rotational players will be key to sustaining the team's success.
step five: have a Plan B, C, D and E in your back pocket
Coach Mike Budenholzer has gotten a lot of flak for his playoff performance, and there's validity to that criticism. Throughout his career, Bud has done a lot better in the regular season than the postseason. He's gotten spanked too many times, losing 3-4 games in a row in a fashion that shouldn't happen for a high-level coach. At times, he appears to be a step slow to adjust, freezes, and watches the train roll over him.
In some ways, I wonder if the Bucks were a victim of their own success here. They've been SO GOOD in the regular season that they've never seemed to need a Plan B. They can lock you down on D, use those transition opportunities to score at will, and dominate the game so easily that Giannis can check out and eat gyros by the 4th quarter.
However, we can see the pitfalls of that when teams slow down their typical gameplan, and cause the Bucks to scramble for new looks. Does this team have the ability to counter-punch?
One potential wrinkle I'd be curious to see is whether they'd be more effective in playoff games with Eric Bledsoe coming off the bench. While George Hill is old, he's still a good 3+D player who can hold the fort at PG. In fact, he's a better shooter and spacer than Bledsoe. For his part, Bledsoe is more of a playmaker and wrecking ball who could theoretically have more freedom and more impact in leading a second unit.
Is that the answer? Is going small the answer? Is playing Giannis closer to 40 minutes (in the playoffs) the answer?
I dunno. But I'm not paid to know. And I'm not expecting Coach Bud to have all the answers right now. But from what we've seen, the team needs to be more willing to throw some potential solutions at the wall and see what sticks rather than allowing themselves to get stomped out of another playoff series. Because if this happens again, they may as well call up United Airlines and get the blond flight attendants ready, because Giannis will be flying out of here.
previous offseason blueprints
CHA, CHI, IND, GS, MIN, NYK, POR, SA, SAC, UTA
submitted by ZandrickEllison to nba [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 11:41 bumblebee_55 don’t invest in someone based on how much you like them, invest based on how much they invest in you.

But we don't follow this. It's good to read this, but when we like someone we drop our standards and go ALL IN.
We invest based on our instinct - my investment is proportional to how much I like them, not how much I am seeing there’s a mutual investment. This is a mistake, no point putting someone on a pedestal.
EDIT1 : Note: This is applicable in early days of dating only. Not once you are in a relationship and if your partner is going through tough times, then it's not applicable as they are consumed by that. This is only applicable in early stages of dating. This idea has also been shared by Matthew Hussey.
submitted by bumblebee_55 to dating_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 08:50 Azrael_Ze Hero Guide - Rean Part 2

Hero Guide - Rean Part 2
The second part of Rean’s guide is here! Check it out!

4. Recommended Enchantments:
Clock
[Clock] is usually the first choice, whether for PvP or PvE. Rean is a hero who operates and develops in battle at a slow pace. In PvP situations, Rean's late-match ability is the best among all AoE heroes, and Clock allows him to continuously suppress your opponent more effectively. With the continuous development of his various buff from his talent, plus the powerful debuffs at his disposal, he becomes stronger and stronger through the course of battle, while his enemies become weaker and weaker. After reaching late-match , it's difficult for a well-developed, fully boosted Ogre-form Rean to lose.

Magic
[Magic] will be considered only when you're going for a full-team AoE rush. This gameplay style won't give Rean much time to develop himself to his full potential, so the 15% AoE skill damage boost will maximize your initial AoE damage. You can take advantage of the Heal Reversal, silence, and other powerful debuff effects of Rean's Ogre talent to limit the enemy's healing and damage output, so that he can then work with his teammates to form deadly combos.

Breeze
[Breeze] is similar to [Magic], it is best-suited to an AoE rush. Although it grants 5% less damage than Magic, Breeze's additional 2 Mobility can stack with Ogre form's 1 Mobility boost, which means that when Breeze is triggered while Ogre form is active, Rean's Mobility will be increased by 3. When wearing Speed Boots, an Ogre Rean enchanted with Breeze can move up to 7 blocks. As you may know, Mobility is the most important consideration for any good AoE lineup, allowing Rean to follow up his teammates' attacks and take out more enemies at the same time. This is what makes Breeze a good choice.

5. Recommended Equipments:
SSR Demonslayer
Rean's Sword Saint class's SKILL certainly isn't low (its SKILL is only a little lower than Archer Narm’s and much higher than Leonhardt's), so after critting while using Demonslayer, you can restrict the enemy by dispelling one buff and applying a debuff.


SSR Blood Sword Hrunting
When going for highest damage value, Blood Sword Hrunting should be your first choice. Currently, most healers will be equipped with functional accessories, such as Jugler Plushy and Goddess Tear, and will rarely be immune to fixed damage. Blood Sword Hrunting can be used in conjunction with a wave of attacks from your teammates, which will help to eliminate you opponent's squishy heroes faster.


SSR Balanced Blade
The range granted by this sword can allow Rean's 3-Cost skill and Gale EX to reach a huge span of 3x5, and the straight line span of Arc Slash to reach 7 blocks, making it more difficult for your opponent to avoid Rean's skill span. The disadvantage is the loss of ATK and damage, but if you're more concerned with applying debuffs and restricting as many of your opponent's units as possible, it'll make your job a lot easier.

SSR Giant's Resolve
With a 10% max DEF bonus and a 20% reduced chance of being critically hit, it can grant Rean better protection against Assassins.


SSR Aeolus' Battle Armor
As a melee unit, Rean is susceptible to all kinds of ranged attacks, but once Aeolus' Battle Armor is triggered, 30% range damage reduction is enjoyed by his whole unit, and Rean's Ogre form also grants 30% unit damage reduction. This means Rean can enjoy 60% damage reduction, and when combined with the Highland Warrior's 15% additional damage reduction, his soldiers can achieve 75% damage reduction, resulting in an unbuffed Yusuke being barely able to scratch them with his 3-Cost skill.


SSR Fury of Tyr
When Rean transforms, Fury of Tyr's damage boost effect will trigger on that turn, meaning he'll be able to use a high-damage AoE attack on the next turn. Fury of Tyr's 10% DEF bonus is also excellent for Rean.


SSR Aeneas' Helmet
A Rean who has developed steadily through positional warfare doesn't need to pay much attention to maintaining high HP. In particular, Rean with Clock mainly uses continuous AoE + debuffs to melt down enemy HP and restrict his opponents. Fury of Tyr's effect may be triggered late due to insufficient continuous AoE output, whereas Aeneas' Helmet's 10% Max HP boost and 5% DEF boost can save your life in the face of all kinds of damage, better ensuring Rean's survival and development until the end of the match.


SSR Winged Shin Guards
This item not only increases ATK, it also increases DEF significantly when attacked. When combined with Ogre form's 30% DEF reduction, no Assassin will be able to one-shot Rean, except for maybe a Zerida with Bloodthirsty dealing a direct hit.


SSR Swordsmith's Medal
A Rean with Swordsmith's Medal is mainly concerned with applying debuffs, and with the Clock enchant, he plays much like Bozel with Clock and Sorceresses—hard to kill and with no chance of being silenced.
6. Recommended Soldiers:
No.1: Highland Warrior
Rean's first choice is the Highland Warrior, with 15% damage reduction and excellent DEF-boosting Infantry technologies. Emergency Treatment grants 20% DEF reduction when HP is above 80%, Overrun Tactics grants 10% ATK and DEF, and Air Defense Armor grants 20% DEF and MDEF when taking ranged damage, making Rean incredibly hard to kill when in Ogre form. The most important upgrade is Rean's third tier Bond Power, which grants 15% DEF and MDEF, making him even more powerful in combat.

No.2: Steel Wing Warrior
If you're looking for defensive soldiers, Steel Wing Warriors are also a good choice, gaining 30% DEF and MDEF when taking ranged attacks, which can stack with Ogre form's 30% damage reduction. In addition, Steel Wing Warriors also have high base MDEF, providing excellent protection when targeted by single-target Mage attacks. In addition, when equipped with Fliers, Rean's unit is classified as mixed forces, which can trigger the Ground-air Coordination Flier technology, increasing DEF and MDEF by 20%. Fliers also take 20% reduced damage on any defensive terrain.

7. PvP Partners:
Matthew
Matthew is a free SSR everyone has access to, and when using Rean in PvE, Mathew's Protagonists faction Fusion Power is Rean's best choice. The characters of the Protagonists faction perform excellently in PvE, and Rean can be counted among them. Matthew can even summon a unit in PvP, which can be sacrificed to help Rean increase the duration of his Ogre form.


Aka
Aka is an excellent summoner, automatically summoning a unit when anyone is killed, regardless of which team they're on. At high star levels, Aka can passively summon once per round, which can help Rean enter his permanent Ogre form early on when facing tough foes. She also has Bestial Outbreak and Wild Power. One allows a unit to act again, leading to increased damage, and the other can increase ATK by 30% and Mobility by 2, allowing Rean to deal higher damage and hit more targets with his AoE skills. (Wild Power's +2 Mobility and Ogre form's +1 Mobility can stack to grant +3 Mobility.)

8. PvP Counter Heroes:
Knight of Mystery
Rean is very vulnerable to the Knight of Mystery's Broken Spear skill when she's using Unicorn soldiers, but her large-span AoE skill Thunderzone won't be able to kill an Infantry Rean outright (although it will gravely wound him). However, as a Cavalry Mage with high Mobility, the Breeze enchantment, and high damage from 2 blocks away, she is still a major threat to Rean.

In terms of survival, there aren't really any other heroes Rean should watch out for in particular. Firstly, it is very difficult for traditional low Mobility Mages to take him out when he's in his fully developed state. Secondly, Ogre form Rean + Highland Warriors or Steel Wing Warriors are very tough. A fully-upgraded 6-star Deedlit with extremely high INT, maxed-out Cavalry training, Unicorns, and Breeze granting 5 blocks of Mobility + Sea of Miracles' 15% damage boost + Fury of Tyr's 10% damage boost + Elven Aura's 1.6x single-target skill damage is usually not enough to take out a full-HP 5-star Ogre form Rean. A highly-trained Knight of Mystery, after moving a full 5 blocks to cast Thunderzone, can directly kill a 6-star Infantry Sakura at full HP, but not an Infantry Rean with Ogre status's damage reduction.
When it comes to Assassins, it's difficult for them to kill Rean if they can't hit him directly. Zerida can achieve this with Alhazard Bloodthirster + Killing Blow, but Omega won't be able to use his Surprise Attack to hit Rean directly, as Rean's SKILL is too high for its 3x SKILL trigger condition to take effect. In addition, if Rean is adjacent to Landius, or if he triggers Aeolus' Battle Armor's effect, even if Zerida unleashes her full damage, he won't die.
The heroes best able to counter Rean are healers with strong dispelling ability, such as Liana and Klose. Without a dispelling healer or a Swordsmith's Medal, Rean will be more susceptible to silence. For example, against a Bozel with Soul Stealer Headdress and the ability to inflict numerous debuffs, it will be very hard for Rean to get rid of silence.

9. Overall Evaluation:
Rean is the best Infantry springboard span AoE hero, and you can use Balanced Blade to further increase his range. Leonhardt, Sakura, and Bernhardt cast AoE skills with themselves as the center. Not only do they need to be closer to their opponents, but it is very difficult for them to hit all enemy targets at the same time. Rean's AoE skills use an enemy within 3 blocks as the center of his skills (usually, you can cast it on an enemy behind the front line, in the middle of the enemy formation). In Ogre form, he can achieve a range similar to that of Black Hole, and with Balanced Blade, he can achieve a span larger than that of Black Hole, leaving enemy healers in the back row nowhere to hide.
Rean's Ogre form conditions are very lenient in terms of its transformation and extension trigger mechanisms. Even if he can't permanently transform, with his active transformation + two dead teammates, he gains 7 rounds of Ogre form (3+2+2=7), which is enough to cope with most battles. Ogre form's high damage reduction, plus its powerful ability to inflict multiple debuffs, self-healing without needing to enter battle, and its gradual stat boost of up to 20%, Rean was born for PvP. If not dealt with early on, he becomes increasingly difficult to resist, becoming a godlike hero in the late game.
submitted by Azrael_Ze to langrisser [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 08:05 boobfar BibleQuoteBot is beta

the bible quoting bot is now cloud hosted and live.
Mods of /Christianity partner subs - Feel free to ask for your subreddit to be added to the list of subs monitored by this bot.
Examples:
UPDATE: BibleQuoteBot now parses verses in submission titles and bodies.
Pretty much any book abbreviation and any translation you can think of should work.
Please report any bugs, suggestions, or outages.
The default translation is ESV. For deuterocanon, it is NABRE.
Non-English speakers, I am looking into adding foreign abbreviations. Any help would be appreciated.
New edit: This bot will no longer collide with VerseBot. If you tag VerseBot, my bot will ignore your post and let VerseBot do its thing.
Edit: There was some downtime last night, my apologies. That's what beta testing is for!
Edit 2: I believe I've addressed one of the major causes of last night's downtime. Please report any outages. Thanks, everyone!
Edit 3:

Books and Abbreviations:

Supported English Versions:

(Suppported translations in other languages will be posted in comments)
submitted by boobfar to Christianity [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 01:01 CarbonCopperStar The Bible & Jesus Teach Us Theres One God, Christians of Today Claim There’s 3.

The more I read & look into the bible, the more I see that Jesus was telling us about the oneness of God, that the Father is the true God.
Now, Christians will point out versus, like John 1:1 & where Jesus apparently says “I AM” in reference to proof of Jesus being God.
In every instance, the context, the actual understanding & meaning, refutes this.
What is so CLEAR are the explicit versus throughout the Bible where Jesus clearly is show to be Man, and only Man, and the Father is shown to be God & Only God.
When you take the EXPLICIT verses against the Ambiguous ones, of which I will admit, you could read into it in a different way should you not have the correct understanding, it’s clear that the evidence is overwhelming in that Jesus was a Man, sent by God.
I think I would like to point out references from the bible, and challenge Christians, not to bring Ambiguous versus they think creates this 3-in-1 or 1-in-3 or One Being, 3 Essences, or whatever else Mix that really, over complicates God.
The message within the Bible is clear. God is Alone ONE.
But let’s look at these:
Deuteronomy 5:6:
“God said, "I, am the LORD thy GOD… Thou shalt have no other gods BEFORE ME."
Yet, Christians put Jesus ahead of / Equal to God.
How? Isn’t this clear?
ISAIAH 43:10
God said, "Understand that I am He: Before me there was no God FORMED, neither shall there be (any god FORMED) after me."
Now,
People will say Jesus existed in the beginning - on an equal existence with God. But he was formed again on Earth through birth. So one isn’t possible. I think it’s clear which.
ISAIAH 46:9
"I am God, and there is none LIKE ME."
So if Jesus was Man/Part Man or however you want to call it, there is no question of Divinity because theirs NONE like God.
JOHN 5:37
“You have never heard His voice, NOR SEEN HIS FORM”
TIMOTHY 6:15-16
“God the blessed and only Ruler… Lord of lords, who alone is immortal (Immortal= means that He cannot die) and who lives in unapproachable light, whom NO ONE HAS SEEN OR CAN SEE…”
NUMBERS 23:19
God is NOT A MAN that he should lie; neither the 'SON OF MAN'…
So, what was Jesus again? 🤔
ACTS 17:24
The God who made the world and all that is in it the Lord of heaven and earth does not dwell in sanctuaries (temples) made by human hands, nor is he served by human hands because he needs anything… (God is self-sufficient, without human needs, such as hunger or sleep)
MALACHI 3:6
God does not change, is the only Saviour.
LUKE: 1:47
Mary, who gave birth to Jesus said, "My spirit hath rejoiced in God MY SAVIOR."
JOHN 20:17
“I ascend unto my Father, and your Father, and to MY GOD, and your God.”
This is important.
Christians say that the 3 are Co-Equal.
But God cannot have a God.
God is the ultimate authority.
So here, Jesus shows that he can’t be God if he himself has a God.
Because God, cannot have a God.
MARK 12:29
Jesus said, "…THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD."
He didn’t say, Me, Father & Holy Spirit are one.
Or that 3 of Us are One.
No.
MATTHEW 27:46
Jesus cried with a loud voice, "MY GOD, MY GOD…"
MATTHEW 21:46
They regarded him- (Jesus) as a PROPHET.
LUKE 24:19
He was a PROPHET, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people.
ACTS 3:13
“The God of Abraham, [The God] of Isaac, [The God] of Jacob, the God of our ancestors, has glorified his SERVANT Jesus”
God can be a servant to himself?
ACTS 3:26
“For you first, God raised up his SERVANT and sent him to bless you by turning each of you from your evil ways”
ACTS 2:22
“Ye men of Israel hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, A MAN approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which GOD DID BY HIM in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know”
So how does this conclude that Jesus was God?
JOHN 5:30
Jesus said, "I can of mine own self DO NOTHING."
Jesus himself is powerless, it is God who is the source of power - just the same as with the miracles of other Prophets/Messengers.
If any part of Jesus was God, this wouldn’t be the case.
I could go on, with many more.
But the themes are, all from the bible.
1). God is One & Has no partners.
-Yet Christians have 3 Partners, however you want to frame it, Co-Eternal, Co-Existing, 3-in-1 or 1-in-3, they’re not ONE and you’re putting Jesus as a partner to God, in the bible, The Father is the only God referenced.
2). God is Unseen. His attributes do not compare to Humans/Creation. He is Perfect. Eternal. Immortal. Unchanging.
-So, Jesus was none of this. He wasn’t Unseen. He wasn’t Perfect (in Knowledge at the very least). He was dependent. He isn’t immortal.
Jesus states that the Father is greater than him.
That you shouldn’t call him good, only God is good.
The distinctions are all there.
It’s all clear from the bible.
3). Jesus has a God.
-God cannot have a God. God is the supreme. The ultimate. There is no rank above God.
A rank below God, then you’re not a God.
But as above, Jesus says The Father is greater than him.
Jesus prays to God.
Jesus says Our Lord God is ONE.
Jesus says MY GOD & YOUR GOD.
4). Several references that Jesus was the Messiah. The Servant of God. A messenger. A Prophet. This much is clear. Jesus had a message to bring.
-Christians claim otherwise but the bible isn’t on their side for this. As per above, you cannot just give Jesus divinity when all the evidence is against this.
5). Jesus himself acknowledges that he’s the servant of God. That he’s been sent as a Servant. Just like Past Prophets.
I reference this again:
Acts 3:13
“The God of Abraham, [The God] of Isaac, [The God] of Jacob, the God of our ancestors, has glorified his SERVANT Jesus”
All Prophets, Servants. Jesus is included here.
We all know form above - NONE ARE LIKE GOD.
6). Jesus did nothing of his own. His Miracles came from God. The distinction is made. Jesus references himself simply as a MAN. Never does Jesus claim to have a Godly Nature, or anything Divine AT ALL.
7). MATTHEW 5:24
Jesus said, "I say to you, whoever hears my word (i.e. the message of the Gospel), and believes in the ONE (i.e. God) that SENT me, has eternal life. And shall not come to condemnation; but has passed from death to life."
That’s pretty clear.
8). MATTHEW 15:9
“BUT IN VAIN THEY DO WORSHIP ME, (i.e. 'to take me for an object of worship/a god/deity is in vain') teaching for doctrines (of) the commandments of men."
MATTHEW 4:10
Jesus said, "WORSHIP THE LORD YOUR GOD (alone), AND SERVE HIM ONLY."
So nowhere does Jesus compare to God, claim to be God.
He says he has a God.
His God is your God.
So Matthew 4:10 is really clear.
MATTHEW 19:17
Jesus said, "Why callest thou me good? There is none good but ONE, that is, GOD: (i.e. 'Don't Praise me! Only God is truly good and worthy of Praise and Worship')"but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments."
MARK 12:29
Jesus said, "The first of all the commandments is, Hear O Israel; The Lord OUR God is ONE Lord."
So that’s what Jesus emphasised.
God is One.
Not Triune.
No Trinity.
Not him, father and Holy Spirit.
Just the one.
And from the bible, who is the one?
The Father.
9). Son of God?
LUKE 3:38
“Adam, which was the Son of God”
Oh boy, 4 Gods now?
SAMUEL 7:14
God said about Solomon, "I will be his Father, and he shall be My Son."
So 5? I could quote more but the point is made.
SOPHIA OF JESUS CHRIST III, 4:p. 224
“For he- (God) is immortal and eternal, having no birth; for everyone who has birth will perish. He is unbegotten, having no beginning; for everyone who has a beginning has an end”
Many more references.
10). Jesus calls himself Man many times.
He never calls him God.
He never asks for Worhsip.
He never insinuates a Trinity.
He never puts himself before the Father.
Everything shows, he’s Man, a Messenger, as per his Human Title.
Jesus consistently says Son of Man.
This title is given to many, those who do right by God.
He is not unique in this.
———————————
To conclude,
All the SIMPLE & EXPLICIT Versus within the Bible lead you to one conclusion:
That Jesus was Man who taught the oneness of God.
To worship God alone.
To Worhsip the God of Jesus, his God & Your God.
Yet, Christians Worhsip Jesus? To make him equal with God?
But Jesus, shows no Divine Qualities.
He contradicts things God has said, as per the quotes.
God & Jesus are distinctly different.
When it comes to Divinity, they’re separate.
God has even said he is not the Son of God/Man.
That’s Jesus title by his own words.
And so, so much more.
submitted by CarbonCopperStar to DebateReligion [link] [comments]


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2020.09.11 04:01 PodgeYarn I want to convert, but I'm scared I've broken too many rules to be allowed in.

Hello, In short, on my long road to Catholicism I stopped off at a whole host of religions. From witchcraft, to paganism, gnosticism, satanism, and many types of protestantism. I'm over the course of my religious journey I committed many mortal sins, the most grievous of which range from blasphemy to idolatry. I'm worried that I won't be able to join the Church due to this long list and mucky past.
I started as a very loose protestant and had considered joining the Church in the past due to a misplaced love of the pomp and circumstance of it. I had never done any reading, never read the bible, didn't know the reasons behind any of the traditions. I think I just liked the structure of it. At the time I was suspicious of the church due to me thinking it anti-feminist, anti-choice, and highly patriarchal, I really can't think of much I agreed with it on looking back.
A mix of feeling like God sounded like an abusive partner and suddenly losing my priest resulted in me becoming disenfranchised with Christianity as a whole for a long time. Theres a strong pull for women my age to try witchcraft and so like a lot of ladies I know, including my roommate and a few close friends, I did too. Originally my anger at God had me looking at occult and Goetic practices, but eventually I moved on to Norse Heathenry. I did that for years, but it felt flat. Yes it was ritualistic, lot of offerings and spells and candles, but there was no meat to it. Still, like a lot of my friend group I continued to mock christianity and refused to listen to anything that agreed with it.
Eventually I took a religion class that made Christianity sound like it had something. My professor brought in elderly people from our local parish to explain their religious views. It was beautiful and inspiring. But I still wasn't ready to listen. My kid brother is actually what brought me back. He asked me to read him his favorite Old Testament stories. So I found my told bible and did. And then I didn't put it away. It just sat on my desk for months. And when I moved out, I had the odd feeling I should bring it with me.
Eventually I felt moved to read it. What I found was the gorgeous faith and promises those elderly guest speakers had eluded to. I broke down crying a few pages into Matthew. I begged forgiveness and decided to move back to Christianity. Unlike anything else I had found, this book had Truth. It had answers, it was filled with love and mercy. I broke my idols, threw away my crystals and tools, let my pagan friends take books. I was done with that for good, I had found my home.
From their I looked into a variety of christian beliefs. Baptist, Anglican, Methodist, UCC, but they all lacked something. I found that only Catholicism echoed the teachings of the Bible, had apostolic succession to back its claims, and had centuries of theory and history and authority.
I so desperately want to join the Church. I did some reading and found a lot of what I've done to be mortal sins. But I'm held back by the feeling that I've broken too many rules already. As if I've excommunicated myself before entering its doors.
submitted by PodgeYarn to Catholicism [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 18:13 thechattyshow B1067 - Modern Slavery Bill - Amendment Submission

Second Reading

Modern Slavery Bill 2020

A
BILL
TO
Consolidate offences of modern slavery and human trafficking; introduce reparation orders to support victims of these crimes; give clearer powers for the seizure of vehicles involved in trafficking; introduce a prevention order to restrict actions that those convicted of human trafficking or modern slavery could take; ensure victims forced into committing crimes by virtue of human trafficking or modern slavery have protections in law; introduce reporting requirements for businesses to shine a light on this crime in supply chains; and connected purposes.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:–
1. Interpretations
(1) For the purposes of this Act-
“modern slavery and human trafficking” means conduct which commits an offence under:
(a) Section 59A of the Sexual Offences Act 2003
(b) Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
(c) Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
(d) Section 47 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2003
(e) Section 2 and 3 of this Act
“hold a person in slavery or servitude” or to “require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour” are taken to mean the definitions contained within Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulation, amend legislation into Section 1(1) if they deem them to be materially similar crimes.
2. Slavery Offences
(1) Any person who—
(a) holds a person in slavery or servitude where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is held in slavery or servitude.
(b) requires a person to perform forced or compulsory labour where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
shall be guilty of an offence
(2) In determining whether a person is being held in slavery, servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances, such as the person’ personal circumstances which may make the person more vulnerable.
(3) The consent of a person kept under the conditions listed in subsection (1) does not preclude the person from a determination that they are being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. Human trafficking and exploitation
(1) It is an offence to arrange or facilitate the travel of another person (“A”) with a view of A being exploited.
(2) It is irrelevant whether “A” has consented to travel.
(3) A person has committed an offence under subsection (1) only if—
(a) the person intends to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel, or
(b) the person knows or ought to know that another person plans or is likely to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel.
(3) For the purposes of this section, “travel” is taken to mean arriving, entering, departing or travelling within any country.
(4) For the purposes of this section, A is a victim of exploitation if —
(a) it involves the commission of an offence under section 1 of his Act, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(b) it involves the commission of an offence under—
(i) section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978, or
(ii) Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as it has effect in England or Wales, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(c) it involves the commission of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(d) A is subject to force, threats or deception designed to get A to—
(i) provide services of any kind;
(ii) provide another person with benefits of any kind, or;
(iii) enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.
(e) another person has chosen “A” for a purpose within Section 3(4)(d) of this Act on the grounds that—
(i) they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and
(ii) that person would likely refuse to be used for that purpose if it was not for the fact they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person.
4. Reparation Orders
(1) A reparation order is an order requiring the person against whom it is made to pay compensation to the victim of an offence under this Act for any harm resulting from that offence.
(2) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) that person has been convicted of an offence under Section 1 or 2, and
(b) a confiscation order is made against the person in respect of such an offence.
(3) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) a confiscation order has been made against a person in respect of an offence under Section 2 or 3 by virtue of Section 28 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and
(b) that person is later convicted of the offence.
(4) If the court considers that—
(a) it would be appropriate both to impose a fine and to make a reparation order, but
(b) the person has insufficient means to pay both of these things,
the court must give preference to the reparation order.
(5) Where the court has the power to make a reparation order but does not do so, the court must give reasons why this decision was made.
(6) In determining the amount to be paid by the person under a reparation order, the court must have regard to-
(a) the amount of work undertaken by the victim and how much they would ordinarily have earned from that work, or work they were previously employed at immediately before the exploitation began, and
(b) the toll the crime has taken on the physical and mental health of the victim.
(7) The court may decide that, due to Section 3(6)(b), the reparation order should be the value of Section 3(6)(a) multiplied by one, two or three.
(8) A reparation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 may not both be made in respect of the same offence.
(9) For the purposes of this Section, “the court” means—
(a) the Crown Court, or
(b) any magistrates court that has the power to make a confiscation order by virtue of an order under section 97 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
(10) For the purposes of this Section, a “confiscation order” means an order under Section 6 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
(11) Section 6 of the Immigration Act 2015 is hereby repealed.
5. Seizure of land vehicles, ships or aircraft
(1) The court may order the seizure of a vehicle used or intended to be used in connection with an offence under Section 2 if the convicted person—
(a) owned the land vehicle at the time the offence was committed;
(b) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which owned the vehicle;
(c) was at that time in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(d) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which was in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(e) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, a charterer of it;
(f) was, in the case of a land vehicle, driving it in the course of the commission of the offence, or
(g) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, committed the offence while acting as captain of it.
(2) Where a person who claims to have an interest in a vehicle applies to a court to make representations about its forfeiture, the court may not order its forfeiture without giving that person the opportunity to make representations.
(3) If a person has been arrested for an offence under Section 2, a vehicle may be temporarily detained—
(a) until a decision is taken as to whether or not to charge that person with the offence.
(b) if that person is charged, until that person is acquitted, the charges are dismissed or the proceedings are discontinued.
(c) if that person is convicted, until the court decides whether or not to order the forfeiture of the vehicle.
(4) For the purpose of this Section, a “vehicle” is taken to mean a land vehicle, aircraft or ship.
6. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Order
(1) A modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order prohibits the person for whom it is made against from doing anything described in that order which are necessary for the purpose of protecting persons or a particular person from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the defendant committed a model slavery or human trafficking offence.
(2) The order may prohibit someone from doing things inside or outside the United Kingdom.
(3) The order may prohibit foreign travel for a fixed period of not more than 5 years.
(a) If the court is satisfied it is necessary, this may be extended by a further 5 years an indefinite number of times.
(b) The court may order the surrender of a passport if all foreign travel is prohibited for a period of not more than 5 years, which may be renewed under Section 6(3)(a).
(4) The order may specify different periods of time for different prohibitions in the order.
(5) The court may make an interim order under this section until it has made a determination on the merits of a full order if it is deemed necessary for public good.
(5) The Secretary of State must, within 90 days of the passage of this Act, pass such regulations which are necessary to support the implementation of this section.
(a) These regulations must include guidance on the appeals process.
(b) These regulations must contain further guidance on factors the court must consider before granting an order in this section.
(7) A person who breaks a modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order, or knowingly facilitates someone doing that, commits an offence.
(a) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend into Section 6(7) any similar prevention orders under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland.
7. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement
(1) A commercial organisation must prepare a “Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement” for each financial year.
(2) A statement under Section 2(1) of this Act should include:
(a) actions, if any, that they have taken in the financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in the supply chain of the commercial organisation or the commercial organisation itself;
(b) the policies of the commercial organisation towards modern slavery and human trafficking;
(c) the due dilligence process that the commercial organisation undertakes with regards to model slavery and human trafficking in its business or supply chain;
(d) which parts of the business or supply chain are at a high risk of seeing model slavery or human trafficking and what steps are taken to assess and manage this risk;
(e) how effective the commercial organisation has been in ensuring modern slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chain, and how effective it has been in taking action where it is found to be, and;
(f) how relevant staff are trained on identifying and dealing with modern slavery and human trafficking.
(3) A statement under section 2(1) must be
(a) approved by the board of directors (or equivalent) and signed by a director (or equivalent) if the organisation is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership.
(b) approved by the members and signed by a designated member if a limited liability partnership.
(c) approved and signed by a general partner if a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.
(d) approved and signed by a partner if any other kind of partnership
(4) A statement under section 7(1) must be published on a company’s website or, if not possible, provided in writing to anyone who makes a written request for a copy of the statement within 30 days.
(5) A statement must be published within 30 days of the end of the financial year.
(a) The first Section 7(1) statement need only be made 30 days after the end of the financial year for which this Act receives royal assent in.
(6) For the purposes of this Section, a “commercial organisation” is something which:
(a) supplies goods or services, and;
(b) has an annual total turnover of £12 million or more.
(3) For the purposes of this Section, “partnership” is taken to mean:
(a) a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890,
(b) a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907, or
(c) a firm formed under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.
8. Victims who commit an offence
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so,
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking, and
(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.
(2) A person may be compelled by another, or by the person’s characteristics.
(3) Compulsion is attributable to slavery or to relevant exploitation if-
(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes an offence under this Act, o,
(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of slavery, or a victim of relevant exploitation.
(4) In this section, all references to an act include references to an omission.
9. Witnesses in criminal proceedings
(1) For the purposes of this section, “the Act” means The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999
(1) In Section 17(4) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(2) In Section 25(4)(a) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(4) In Section 33(6)(d) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
10. Duty to notify the Secretary of State about suspected victims
(1) If a public authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery, they must notify the Secretary of State or, if regulations are made, anyone in those regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations issue guidance on who public authorities must notify.
11. Extent, Short Title and Commencement
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 6, 10 and 11.
(2) This act may be referred to as the Modern Slavery Act 2020.
(3) This act shall come into force the day after royal assent.
This Bill was written by The Rt. Honourable Sir Tommy2Boys KT KCB KBE CT LVO PC MSP MP, Secretary of State for Defence, and is cosponsored by The Rt. Honourable Sir MatthewHinton12345 KG GCMG MBE MP, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for the Home Department, on behalf of the 26th Government. This Bill is inspired in part by the Modern Slavery Act 2015
OPENING SPEECH
By Tommy2Boys
Mr Deputy Speaker
I rise today to present this comprehensive piece of legislation with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking. At the last election, my party stood on a manifesto which, in part, spoke about fighting issues just like this. In the year ending up to March 2019, over 5000 cases of modern slavery were recorded by police in the UK. This is clearly a problem in our country, and I am immensely proud that the first piece of legislation that this Government will present will go a long way in tackling this matter. I want to thank the Home Secretary for their support in crafting this legislation and the Justice Secretary also for his advice and guidance on it.
Section 2 and 3 introduce new, clearly defined definitions for the offences of modern slavery and human trafficking. Section 2(3) specifically means that even though someone may consent to it, that does not mean they are not a victim. This is important because someone may agree to something not being fully aware of what they signed up to, or not being aware that they are being exploited in the first place by what they have agreed. Section 3 also includes provisions that if exploitation is intended to be committed outside of England and Wales, the smuggling of the potential victim, whether consented or not, can still be a crime if the aim is to exploit them when they get to their destination.
Section 4 introduces reparation orders. These ensure victims of these horrific crimes will get fair compensation. This section repeals a part of the Immigraton Act 2015. The reason we have done this is partly to have modern slavery all in one bill, but also to tighten the law around them and make the guidance easier for courts to understand.
Section 5 gives clear powers for police to seize vehicles, land sea or air, which could be or have been involved in modern slavery or human trafficking. Safeguards of course exist in the legislation, but it is right that such vehicles be taken away to ensure this cannot happen again.
Section 6 creates prevention orders. Courts will have the power to issue these prevention orders primarily to those who have already committed a modern slavery or human trafficking offence. These may include, for example, blocking someone from travelling abroad if it is likely they will commit offences abroad which would be illegal in England and Wales with regards to exploitation, modern slavery and human trafficking.
Section 7 is perhaps the longest section of the bill, but is actually a very simple concept. Businesses should not be using modern slavery in their supply chains. By shining a light on it, the public will know which businesses they buy from have it in its supply chain, and businesses will be able to move away from using them so that nobody is benefiting from this practice.
Section 8 ensures victims who may be forced into committing other crimes are not punished for it, with obvious reasonable safeguards in place.
Section 9 introduces new protection for victims involving giving evidence. Section 9(1) gives them assistance.
Finally Mr Deputy Speaker, Section 10 ensures there is a duty to notify the Secretary of State or relevant bodies once regulations are published where they believe modern slavery or human trafficking is taking place. This will ensure that public authorities will play their full part in the fight against these crimes.
This is a Bill which I have long been passionate about passing. Let’s give the Government and authorities the powers they need to tackle these crimes, whilst ensuring businesses and public authorities do their bit as well. I commend this bill to the House.
Submit amendments as comments in this post ty xoxo
Reading will end on the 12th September
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2020.09.07 23:15 JpBlez5 How should we respond to miracles?

“One day as Jesus was preaching on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, great crowds pressed in on him to listen to the word of God. He noticed two empty boats at the water’s edge, for the fishermen had left them and were washing their nets. Stepping into one of the boats, Jesus asked Simon, its owner, to push it out into the water. So he sat in the boat and taught the crowds from there. When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Now go out where it is deeper, and let down your nets to catch some fish.” “Master,” Simon replied, “we worked hard all last night and didn’t catch a thing. But if you say so, I’ll let the nets down again.” And this time their nets were so full of fish they began to tear! A shout for help brought their partners in the other boat, and soon both boats were filled with fish and on the verge of sinking.” ‭‭Luke‬ ‭5:1-7‬ ‭NLT‬‬
Peter had already tried to do this by on there own, and they caught no fish, making it seem like a hopeless situation. But because they listened to Jesus, trusted and depended on him, they reaped a plentiful harvest of fish. This was as complete miracle. What the fisherman tried to do for days or months, Jesus did it in a single word. Likewise, whether it’s from a transformation moment, looking at nature, or even seeing some healed, we see may miracles from God daily.
So how do we respond to miracles? In two ways:
“When Simon Peter realized what had happened, he fell to his knees before Jesus and said, “Oh, Lord, please leave me—I’m such a sinful man.” For he was awestruck by the number of fish they had caught, as were the others with him.” Luke‬ ‭5:8-9‬ ‭NLT‬
  1. When Peter saw this miracle, he praised Jesus, admitting himself a sinner. He humbled himself and praised Jesus, seeing his good work and miracle. You may be surprised, but we see Jesus’ good works daily, for all good things come from God. Your child, your house, nature, your favorite hobby is a gift from God. Not only that, but the the gift of salvation is something we’re allow to partake in daily. So are we humbling ourselves to Jesus daily, are we thankful? Are we asking for forgiveness of sin and admitting of them daily. Also look how the crowd was astonished as well, and while this is good, anyone can do this We also need to humble ourselves like Peter did and worship him. When we see Jesus work in our lives, this should be one of our reactions. Let us humble ourselves and praise Jesus. What is the other?
10-11:
“His partners, James and John, the sons of Zebedee, were also amazed. Jesus replied to Simon, “Don’t be afraid! From now on you’ll be fishing for people!” And as soon as they landed, they left everything and followed Jesus.” ‭‭Luke‬ ‭5:10-11‬ ‭NLT‬‬
  1. After Peter saw this miracle, Jesus declared he’d now fish for people, and he surrendered everything and followed Jesus. This is what Jesus wants from us as well, he wants us to follow him, and make new disciples however we can. After we see a miracle from Jesus, let’s not just sit on it until we forget about it, let us be moved by the spirit to do the works Jesus wants from us. This is what the spirit wants to do to us, to change us and make us follow his will. Jesus wants to transform us from the inside out, and wants us to help plant the seeds for salvation. So what will we do?
“Then Jesus said to his disciples, “If any of you wants to be my follower, you must give up your own way, take up your cross, and follow me. If you try to hang on to your life, you will lose it. But if you give up your life for my sake, you will save it. And what do you benefit if you gain the whole world but lose your own soul? Is anything worth more than your soul?” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭16:24-26‬ ‭NLT‬‬
“Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭28:19‬ ‭NLT‬‬
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2020.09.05 12:40 nstav13 [Spoilers] The United States and Westward Expansion - Common Setting Discussions

A common trait Assassin’s Creed groups have is the constant theorizing about future settings, because historical tourism is one of the best parts of the series. This series of posts will act as a counter to my Mildly Obscure setting discussions, but rather than looking at a single point, I will be taking a broad setting that is popular and looking at several potential settings to explore within it. Today’s setting is the United States. I want to say that I personally am not a huge fan of the setting, and like WW2, worry about whether or not Ubisoft could actually tactfully do these settings, but due to the lore potential, I’m willing to discuss them. Most of these settings would suffer from issues that plagued Syndicate such as proximity to the modern-day causing fake events and characters to be made to avoid lawsuits, parkour issues from wide streets and small buildings, or painfully tall buildings, and poor weapon variety due to legal carrying restrictions.

Shays’ Rebellion
The American Revolution had a heavy toll on thousands of soldiers. Besides the loss of life and injuries, many men never received their full pay. In the early 1780s, this started to become a major issue, as men returning home from warlike Daniel Shay were being asked to pay large debts and taxes that they couldn’t afford because of the lack of pay. Many protests were held in Massachusetts from 1782 to 1785 against these taxes and to get the pay the veterans had earned. In August 1786, protestors organized to begin forcefully shutting down the courts. Government officials denounced the mob mentality but did nothing to stop it. Daniel Shays would start to organize more of these shutdowns and lead about 300 men to the Springfield Courts, which were then protected by William Shepard who held about 800 men at his command. After a day of demonstrations with no violence, Shepard led his men to the Springfield Armory due to rumors of the mob planning to attack it. By October of 1786 more protests had successfully shut down courts in Taunton, Great Barrington, and Concord. State officials now feared the violence and the potential for civil war and Samuel Adams worked with the state officials to draft a riot act to suspend habeas corpus and imprison the rioters without a trial while advocating for the execution of anyone who tried to rebel against the republic. With the new legislation in place, several of the movement’s leaders were arrested in eastern Massachusetts, causing 4,000 men to form an open rebellion against the “tyrannical state”.
The open rebellion caused Benjamin Lincoln to be granted money to form a militia and march west on January 19th. By that point, Shepard had amassed a local militia of 1200 men at the Springfield Federal Armory (a place he was not technically legally allowed to defend as a local militia)and Daniel Shays had coordinated with Luke Day to advance on the federal armory. Due to correspondence being stopped by Shepard’s men, Shays didn’t know Day was running late by a day and arrived at the armory on January 25th with no support from the west. Shepard had 2 cannons fired as a warning shot which scattered Shays forces. General Lincoln managed to track the army down to Pelham on the 4th of February during a snowstorm and capture about 150 men. Shay went into hiding as Lincoln’s army melted away from lack of funding. By the end of February, the 3000 man army dwindled to less than 200, and during that time a force of 200 men regrouped to attack Stockbridge on early February 27th. The remaining army eventually caught up with them in the night at Sheffield leading to the bloodiest battle of the rebellion with over 30 men killed, and 150 captured. Shays’ Rebellion was ultimately a failure, but it had a large impact on the creation of the modern US constitution and the creation of a standing army. I also think it may be interesting if Shay Cormac had taken the name Daniel Shays during the Revolutionary War to act as a Templar mole searching for the Piece of Eden George Washington would find and that the “little revolution” he referenced at the end of Rogue was not the French Revolution, but him orchestrating Shays’ Rebellion against the new republic that the Templars largely fought against. Daniel Shays would eventually die in 1825, and while Shay would be very old by that point, it would make sense to be that late due to Shay’s relationship with his grandson Cudgel.

War of 1812
America’s relationship with Britain continued to strain during the years following the Revolutionary War. Britain used its colonies in Canada to give supplies and aid to Native American tribes with the intent of those tribes attacking American settlers. By 1805 a confederation of Native Americans formed in the great lakes and would actively kill any European-American settlers. Leading this was Tecumseh who was the brother of the original mastermind of the confederation. This conflict would lead the American government to lead the Battle of Tippecanoe against Tecumseh in 1811, and hostilities only increased from there. During the Napoleonic Wars, Britain set up large blockades of ports to stop Americans from trading with the French. While enforcing this, British ships had killed dozens of Americans and impressed even more into service. On June 1st, 1812, President James Madison sent Congress a list of grievances the United States had with Britain, and 4 days later, Congress voted to declare war for the first time.
The first stage of the war primarily took place in the North East US and Canada. I’d personally say that this should be the bulk of the main map with cities like Baltimore, Detroit, Philadelphia, Washington DC, Montreal, Toronto, and Quebec. And then we could see the other primary theatres as smaller self-contained maps. William Hull initially led the charge into Canada in early July of 1812, only to be chased back out by Shawnee natives combined with forces of the British Major General Isaac Brock who then laid siege to Detroit in August. Following Hull’s defeat, General William Henry Harrison took control of the American Armies and led them to victory in several battles around the Great Lakes, primarily against the Tecumseh Confederacy. On October 5th, 1813, Tecumseh was killed at the Battle of the Thames. The next year was a constant back and forth between Americans and British fighting over forts along the Canada-US border with several notable sieges at York (Toronto), Niagra, Fort Erie, and Plattsburgh. To the west, a series of battles were fought from 1812 to 1814 along the Mississippi River reaching down to St Louis.
The east coast of the US saw a lot of action during the war. Starting in 1812, the British set up a series of blockades around the US. The blockade ended up serving as a large way for Black Refugees to escape slavery and get to Canada where they’d be freed. It also gave partial control of the Chesapeake Bay, and despite attempts to fortify the Potomac River in 1813, by 1814 the British freed of the Napoleonic Wars sent more ships to the war in America, breaking through the fortifications. Their first major attack was the Burning of Washington DC in response to the Battle of York (Toronto) a year prior. The British then went north and led a land and naval battle at Baltimore (the naval bombardment of Baltimore was partially what inspired the lyrics of the Star-Spangled Banner). During the battle, the British General Ross was killed, leaving command to Colonel Arthur Brooke who after finishing the battle, commanded his troops and ships to New Orleans.
The Creek War was the southernmost war partially influenced by Tecumseh’s Confederacy. The Lower Creeks in Alabama had been trading partners for the US and Settlers, adopting many of their cultural practices, while the Upper Creeks controlled the rivers and were concerned about the loss of the culture and lifestyle to encroaching US settlers. Over the course of 2 years, General Andrew Jackson would lead US and Lower Creek troops against the Upper Creeks and ultimately gained 21 million acres for the US in what is now Alabama and Georgia. During this American General James Wilkinson took the city of Mobile and part of western Spanish Florida. At the end of 1814 and January of 1815, the British would lead multiple offenses against New Orleans and Mobile, losing each time. By that point, both the Americans and the British had sent delegates to Ghent to negotiate a stalemate. On December 24th the Treaty of Ghent was signed, but it wouldn’t be until February that the news reached America and the fighting ceased. The most lore we have is that every presidency was contested between Assassins and Templars and the first Templar President was Franklin D. Roosevelt. I do really like this period for opening up the capability of expanding Connor’s Story, tying up Shay, maybe meet Shay’s son. There’s a ton of lore possibilities here. We also know that the apple Connor dropped in the ocean was retrieved by the 20th century, so it’s possible that part of the heavy naval portion of this war and blockade was a British effort to search for the apple.

Mexican-American War
In 1836 the Texas Revolution saw Texas freed from Mexico to the chagrin of Santa Anna, the sitting Mexican President. 9 years later, the Texas Republic continued to face threats from Mexico which did not view them as sovereign; the United States, as a result, annexed Texas. Texas, however, still claimed more land than it owned, and Mexico refused to recognize this, leading to American President James K. Polk to send an emissary to Mexico City to negotiate to buy land on good faith while also sending American troops over the border with the intention of provoking an armed military response. It did, and after American troops were fired upon at Palo Alto, America declared the Mexican-American War on May 13th, 1846. The war itself was largely controversial, including Abraham Lincoln; and many northern abolitionists saw it as a way to strengthen slavery in the south.
The first campaign of the war was to capture what became New Mexico. Santa Fe was captured by August of 1846 but rebels in the area led small assaults and raids for another year until the Battle of Cienega Creek. Following this, General Kearny marched his troops across the Sonoran Desert to California. It took 3 months for news of the war to originally reach California, and when it did, American troops planted flags in San Francisco. American armies would lead several battles just outside San Diego and Los Angeles, with small rebels popping up near San Francisco, but California was largely conquered by January of 1847.
Throughout 1846 troops marched from San Antonio and Corpus Christi to be met with battles in Monterrey and Buena Vista. By March 9th, 1847 General Scott was ordered to bring the war to a close by President Polk by capturing Mexico City. Commodore Matthew C Perry arrived at Veracruz on March 24th and opened it up with a naval bombardment. Despite several soldiers coming down with Yellow Fever during the 12-day siege, General Scott pushed on to Puebla and then Mexico City with Santa Anna expecting the diseases to wipe out the army. After a stop at Puebla due to the sick, Scott marched on to the Battle for Mexico City, a week-long series of battles that left Scott the military governor of the city on September 15th, 1847. Santa Anna then attempted to besiege Puebla but failed due to the Battle of Huamantla lifting the siege in early October. Following the defeat, a new Mexican Government led by Manuel de la Pena y Pena ceded over military control from Santa Anna to General Jose Joaquin de Herrera. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2nd, 1848, with nearly 339 million acres of land given to the United States while the US paid $15 million dollars (approximately 5 cents per acre). Once again there’s next to no lore in this area, and we could see Shay’s son or Grandson be active during the war. That said, the United States was extremely aggressive during the war, and making assassins allied with either the US or Mexico could feel somewhat forced, as this was ultimately two countries fighting over land.

The Civil War
I personally don’t wish to discuss this setting too much, as I don’t believe Ubisoft could actually do this setting well, especially with the current lore. First of all, is the reasoning for the war. States' rights were ultimately the reason for southern secession; and slavery was the biggest of those concerns, and many smaller concerns revolved around slavery. Northern abolitionists had been sending over voters to commit voting fraud and try to force states below the Mason-Dixon line to not allow slavery. The Northern states refused to follow the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, multiple states were displeased with high federal spending, they had issues with the regulation of the banks which hurt southern states more than northern, Northern States ruled congress due to population density, and there were many questions about how the south would survive economically if slavery was abolished. While we all agree in the modern-day that slavery is wrong (and our assassin character should agree), people did not historically hold that view. And to be fair to their fears, following the civil war the southern economy did crash, affecting more than the 1% of land-owning slave owners. Even the now freed blacks had nowhere to go or anything to do because they spent their entire lives on plantations. This resulted in many blacks essentially becoming serfs for their former masters. Segregation and Jim Crow laws only increased after the civil war due to racism, and despite freed black men legally being able to vote, they rarely could because of new racist restrictions. The south wasn’t alone in enacting racist legislation though, as New York has been called the capital of Jim Crow. Northerners may have been against slavery, but that doesn’t mean they cared what came next. Templars were primarily behind the south and secession, while assassins backed the north and abolitionists. Abraham Lincoln’s election is what ultimately set off the secession despite not even being an abolitionist. He, despite being against slavery, agreed that it was sanctioned by the US constitution under the 10th amendment. He cared more about keeping the union together, and still, the south seceded. Lincoln couldn’t let that stand and put northern troops in Fort Sumter, squarely in southern territory. He loaded the fort with arms and rations enough to last a long siege. The newly forming Confederacy of the United States saw this as a threat and fired upon the fort. Just like with the Mexican American War, Lincoln could now claim that not only did he want to keep the Union whole, but the south fired first. Lincoln then (illegally) declared Martial Law in Maryland in order to make sure the capital (Washington DC) wasn’t surrounded by enemies.
Despite the Assassins backing the north, we know from the movie that Assassins also supported the south. Perhaps this was similar to how General Lee was a general for the confederacy because of his family ties despite being against slavery? Perhaps Assassins and templars in the South agreed about very real potential issues with civil rights in the wake of slavery’s abolition and felt the solution could be worked out more diplomatically. We also know Templars controlled major parts of the North. William “Boss” Tweed was the boss of Tammany Hall and played a major part in the Democratic Party’s organization and the corruption in New York City. He was also a Templar master who worked with Cudgel Cormac (the grandson of Shay), to orchestrate the New York City Draft Riots in 1863. An assassin, Varius, worked for the Union and delivered a PoE to General Ulysses S Grant. John Wilkes Booth, a templar affiliate, assassinated Abraham Lincoln and then was killed by assassins 12 days later. Lincoln’s successor, Andrew Johnson, would go on to ratify the 13th through 15th amendments. His presidency was also about when the gilded age began, a period of 30 years marred by mass corruption and monopoly overreach during intense industrialization. Personally, I don’t think Ubisoft should attempt this setting. The rampant racism, the debate over what was a state right, the rise of organizations like the KKK, the bloody battles, and intense politics all still heavily impact the united states. Some men and women today can still say that their grandparents were freed from slavery between 1863-1865. The racism and corruption that poured forth in the aftermath can still be felt by many within the United States, even if such institutions have been since criminalized. The Civil War can be a very sensitive topic to people all across the United States, and it should be handled sensitively. I think there can be some very nuanced lore about the assassins and templars' roles during the war and why they chose certain sides. But ultimately I do not trust Ubisoft to handle this setting well. Unity nor Syndicate maturely handled themes of extremism or marxism well, and Origins and Odyssey have just blatantly ignored a lot of historical sexism and slavery. Freedom Cry was about freeing slaves and yet the slave ship you board shows a handful of men all chained separately and sitting up rather than the barbaric and cruel reality of the transatlantic slave trade that intended to spread disease and filth to break the body and mind of the slaves. Ignoring Injustices does not respect them or what millions of people went through.

Cowboys, Outlaws, and Indians in the West
The United States is incredibly beautiful, and the current games in this series have barely scratched the surface. Luckily, the westward expansion and wars America waged against the Native Americans are not only full of potential for fantastic (and tragic) stories but also can showcase a lot of America’s landscapes.
Founded in 1850 by Allan Pinkerton in 1850 the Pinkerton Detective Agency was a private security force that rose to prominence during and after the civil war. They’re well known for investigating and causing the collapse of several unions, investigating murders, serving as bodyguards for Abraham Lincoln, and infiltrating the Molly Maguires (a secret Irish organization in Pennsylvania). They famously were hired to hunt down Jesse James, the Reno Gang, and Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch. Outlaws were common in the south around Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Some like Jesse James and Black Bart were from farther North. Outlaws would generally prey on stagecoaches, trains, and banks, easy targets for quick money. Local sheriffs would then form posses to track down and bring the outlaws to justice. In cases of more notorious outlaws, detective agencies like the Pinkertons may be involved. Recently, however, the Pinkerton Agency has sued Rockstar for their portrayal in Red Dead Redemption 2; so it may not be possible to use them and we may see another Syndicate situation with Ubisoft making up fake gangs and agencies. Some towns and settlements began to pop up that supported outlaws. And these old west towns weren’t just down south in Texas and Arizona but stretched all the way north to the Dakotas, most famously including Deadwood where Wild Bill Hickock and Calamity Jane died. Some other famous towns include Tombstone Arizona and Cody Wyoming. Arizona was home to a number of towns like Phoenix, Tucson, and Flagstaff which was close to the Grand Canyon. Las Vegas existed as a small settlement in what is now Nevada, only a little to the west of the Grand Canyon, but wasn’t founded officially until 1905. California is home to Death Valley and part of the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts while also holding massive mountains and rolling hills covered in redwoods. To the east were cities like Albuquerque and John Cross ranch (now Truth or Consequences) in New Mexico, Amarillo, El Paso, Austin, Houston, and Dallas in Texas. North of Arizona is Utah, home of the Mormons and Salt Lake City, containing Arches National Park. Right next door is the rocky mountains and Denver that was founded during the gold rush. Wyoming contains Grand Teton, Devil’s Tower, and Yellowstone. Montana and the Dakotas are filled with forests and stunning hills and landmarks like the Badlands. Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Iowa are largely flat open plains, home of large cattle ranches and cowboys, and easy targets for the outlaws while Louisiana is just a flat swamp. East of the Mississippi are still some plains until you reach the Appalachians which border the east Coast. The only place I’d say we should go that’s east of the Mississippi is Detroit, which was called the Paris of the West and home to the Pinkertons.
Despite the fun lawlessness found commonly throughout the frontier as explored by Red Dead Redemption, America also had a much darker side. The westward expansion that exploded into the west following the Mexican-American War and the Gold Rush meant violently pushing Native Americans out of their land into reservations. This led to dozens of wars and battles in a series called the Indian Wars. I don’t have enough space to go into details about the wars, but between 1850 and 1900 there were well over 50 wars just west of the Mississippi between Native American tribes and the United States military. This is even ignoring the trail of tears in the southeast. Some of the more famous wars are the Sioux Wars and the bulk of these lasted from 1854-1890. They included some of the most famous American Generals and Native American leaders including George Cook, George Custer, Little Crow, Crazy Horse, and Sitting Bull. During the Great Sioux War Lieutenant Colonel George Custer and over 300 of his men were killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn. Years later in 1890, one of the most famous incidents occurred where Kicking Bull and Sitting Bull led to their deaths. The natives entered into Ghost Dance War, and during it, the US Army entered the native camp at Wounded Knee and after hearing a gunshot, massacred 350 native men, women, and children. Those are just 2 famous events, the map linked above under Indian Wars shows the locations of dozens more battles and forts. Once again, this setting would need a lot of care and respect to do it right and is something I’d be very concerned about Ubisoft doing well.
submitted by nstav13 to assassinscreed [link] [comments]


2020.09.02 21:12 model-mili B1067 - Modern Slavery Bill - DIVISION

Modern Slavery Bill 2020

A
BILL
TO
Consolidate offences of modern slavery and human trafficking; introduce reparation orders to support victims of these crimes; give clearer powers for the seizure of vehicles involved in trafficking; introduce a prevention order to restrict actions that those convicted of human trafficking or modern slavery could take; ensure victims forced into committing crimes by virtue of human trafficking or modern slavery have protections in law; introduce reporting requirements for businesses to shine a light on this crime in supply chains; and connected purposes.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:–
1. Interpretations
(1) For the purposes of this Act-
“modern slavery and human trafficking” means conduct which commits an offence under:
(a) Section 59A of the Sexual Offences Act 2003
(b) Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
(c) Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
(d) Section 47 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2003
(e) Section 2 and 3 of this Act
“hold a person in slavery or servitude” or to “require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour” are taken to mean the definitions contained within Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulation, amend legislation into Section 1(1) if they deem them to be materially similar crimes.
2. Slavery Offences
(1) Any person who—
(a) holds a person in slavery or servitude where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is held in slavery or servitude.
(b) requires a person to perform forced or compulsory labour where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
shall be guilty of an offence
(2) In determining whether a person is being held in slavery, servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances, such as the person’ personal circumstances which may make the person more vulnerable.
(3) The consent of a person kept under the conditions listed in subsection (1) does not preclude the person from a determination that they are being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. Human trafficking and exploitation
(1) It is an offence to arrange or facilitate the travel of another person (“A”) with a view of A being exploited.
(2) It is irrelevant whether “A” has consented to travel.
(3) A person has committed an offence under subsection (1) only if—
(a) the person intends to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel, or
(b) the person knows or ought to know that another person plans or is likely to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel.
(3) For the purposes of this section, “travel” is taken to mean arriving, entering, departing or travelling within any country.
(4) For the purposes of this section, A is a victim of exploitation if —
(a) it involves the commission of an offence under section 1 of his Act, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(b) it involves the commission of an offence under—
(i) section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978, or
(ii) Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as it has effect in England or Wales, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(c) it involves the commission of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(d) A is subject to force, threats or deception designed to get A to—
(i) provide services of any kind;
(ii) provide another person with benefits of any kind, or;
(iii) enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.
(e) another person has chosen “A” for a purpose within Section 3(4)(d) of this Act on the grounds that—
(i) they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and
(ii) that person would likely refuse to be used for that purpose if it was not for the fact they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person.
4. Reparation Orders
(1) A reparation order is an order requiring the person against whom it is made to pay compensation to the victim of an offence under this Act for any harm resulting from that offence.
(2) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) that person has been convicted of an offence under Section 1 or 2, and
(b) a confiscation order is made against the person in respect of such an offence.
(3) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) a confiscation order has been made against a person in respect of an offence under Section 2 or 3 by virtue of Section 28 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and
(b) that person is later convicted of the offence.
(4) If the court considers that—
(a) it would be appropriate both to impose a fine and to make a reparation order, but
(b) the person has insufficient means to pay both of these things,
the court must give preference to the reparation order.
(5) Where the court has the power to make a reparation order but does not do so, the court must give reasons why this decision was made.
(6) In determining the amount to be paid by the person under a reparation order, the court must have regard to-
(a) the amount of work undertaken by the victim and how much they would ordinarily have earned from that work, or work they were previously employed at immediately before the exploitation began, and
(b) the toll the crime has taken on the physical and mental health of the victim.
(7) The court may decide that, due to Section 3(6)(b), the reparation order should be the value of Section 3(6)(a) multiplied by one, two or three.
(8) A reparation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 may not both be made in respect of the same offence.
(9) For the purposes of this Section, “the court” means—
(a) the Crown Court, or
(b) any magistrates court that has the power to make a confiscation order by virtue of an order under section 97 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
(10) For the purposes of this Section, a “confiscation order” means an order under Section 6 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
(11) Section 6 of the Immigration Act 2015 is hereby repealed.
5. Seizure of land vehicles, ships or aircraft
(1) The court may order the seizure of a vehicle used or intended to be used in connection with an offence under Section 2 if the convicted person—
(a) owned the land vehicle at the time the offence was committed;
(b) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which owned the vehicle;
(c) was at that time in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(d) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which was in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(e) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, a charterer of it;
(f) was, in the case of a land vehicle, driving it in the course of the commission of the offence, or
(g) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, committed the offence while acting as captain of it.
(2) Where a person who claims to have an interest in a vehicle applies to a court to make representations about its forfeiture, the court may not order its forfeiture without giving that person the opportunity to make representations.
(3) If a person has been arrested for an offence under Section 2, a vehicle may be temporarily detained—
(a) until a decision is taken as to whether or not to charge that person with the offence.
(b) if that person is charged, until that person is acquitted, the charges are dismissed or the proceedings are discontinued.
(c) if that person is convicted, until the court decides whether or not to order the forfeiture of the vehicle.
(4) For the purpose of this Section, a “vehicle” is taken to mean a land vehicle, aircraft or ship.
6. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Order
(1) A modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order prohibits the person for whom it is made against from doing anything described in that order which are necessary for the purpose of protecting persons or a particular person from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the defendant committed a model slavery or human trafficking offence.
(2) The order may prohibit someone from doing things inside or outside the United Kingdom.
(3) The order may prohibit foreign travel for a fixed period of not more than 5 years.
(a) If the court is satisfied it is necessary, this may be extended by a further 5 years an indefinite number of times.
(b) The court may order the surrender of a passport if all foreign travel is prohibited for a period of not more than 5 years, which may be renewed under Section 6(3)(a).
(4) The order may specify different periods of time for different prohibitions in the order.
(5) The court may make an interim order under this section until it has made a determination on the merits of a full order if it is deemed necessary for public good.
(5) The Secretary of State must, within 90 days of the passage of this Act, pass such regulations which are necessary to support the implementation of this section.
(a) These regulations must include guidance on the appeals process.
(b) These regulations must contain further guidance on factors the court must consider before granting an order in this section.
(7) A person who breaks a modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order, or knowingly facilitates someone doing that, commits an offence.
(a) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend into Section 6(7) any similar prevention orders under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland.
7. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement
(1) A commercial organisation must prepare a “Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement” for each financial year.
(2) A statement under Section 2(1) of this Act should include:
(a) actions, if any, that they have taken in the financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in the supply chain of the commercial organisation or the commercial organisation itself;
(b) the policies of the commercial organisation towards modern slavery and human trafficking;
(c) the due dilligence process that the commercial organisation undertakes with regards to model slavery and human trafficking in its business or supply chain;
(d) which parts of the business or supply chain are at a high risk of seeing model slavery or human trafficking and what steps are taken to assess and manage this risk;
(e) how effective the commercial organisation has been in ensuring modern slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chain, and how effective it has been in taking action where it is found to be, and;
(f) how relevant staff are trained on identifying and dealing with modern slavery and human trafficking.
(3) A statement under section 2(1) must be
(a) approved by the board of directors (or equivalent) and signed by a director (or equivalent) if the organisation is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership.
(b) approved by the members and signed by a designated member if a limited liability partnership.
(c) approved and signed by a general partner if a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.
(d) approved and signed by a partner if any other kind of partnership
(4) A statement under section 7(1) must be published on a company’s website or, if not possible, provided in writing to anyone who makes a written request for a copy of the statement within 30 days.
(5) A statement must be published within 30 days of the end of the financial year.
(a) The first Section 7(1) statement need only be made 30 days after the end of the financial year for which this Act receives royal assent in.
(6) For the purposes of this Section, a “commercial organisation” is something which:
(a) supplies goods or services, and;
(b) has an annual total turnover of £12 million or more.
(3) For the purposes of this Section, “partnership” is taken to mean:
(a) a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890,
(b) a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907, or
(c) a firm formed under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.
8. Victims who commit an offence
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so,
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking, and
(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.
(2) A person may be compelled by another, or by the person’s characteristics.
(3) Compulsion is attributable to slavery or to relevant exploitation if-
(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes an offence under this Act, o,
(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of slavery, or a victim of relevant exploitation.
(4) In this section, all references to an act include references to an omission.
9. Witnesses in criminal proceedings
(1) For the purposes of this section, “the Act” means The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999
(1) In Section 17(4) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(2) In Section 25(4)(a) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(4) In Section 33(6)(d) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
10. Duty to notify the Secretary of State about suspected victims
(1) If a public authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery, they must notify the Secretary of State or, if regulations are made, anyone in those regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations issue guidance on who public authorities must notify.
11. Extent, Short Title and Commencement
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 6, 10 and 11.
(2) This act may be referred to as the Modern Slavery Act 2020.
(3) This act shall come into force the day after royal assent.
This Bill was written by The Rt. Honourable Sir Tommy2Boys KT KCB KBE CT LVO PC MSP MP, Secretary of State for Defence, and is cosponsored by The Rt. Honourable Sir MatthewHinton12345 KG GCMG MBE MP, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for the Home Department, on behalf of the 26th Government. This Bill is inspired in part by the Modern Slavery Act 2015
OPENING SPEECH
By Tommy2Boys
Mr Deputy Speaker
I rise today to present this comprehensive piece of legislation with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking. At the last election, my party stood on a manifesto which, in part, spoke about fighting issues just like this. In the year ending up to March 2019, over 5000 cases of modern slavery were recorded by police in the UK. This is clearly a problem in our country, and I am immensely proud that the first piece of legislation that this Government will present will go a long way in tackling this matter. I want to thank the Home Secretary for their support in crafting this legislation and the Justice Secretary also for his advice and guidance on it.
Section 2 and 3 introduce new, clearly defined definitions for the offences of modern slavery and human trafficking. Section 2(3) specifically means that even though someone may consent to it, that does not mean they are not a victim. This is important because someone may agree to something not being fully aware of what they signed up to, or not being aware that they are being exploited in the first place by what they have agreed. Section 3 also includes provisions that if exploitation is intended to be committed outside of England and Wales, the smuggling of the potential victim, whether consented or not, can still be a crime if the aim is to exploit them when they get to their destination.
Section 4 introduces reparation orders. These ensure victims of these horrific crimes will get fair compensation. This section repeals a part of the Immigraton Act 2015. The reason we have done this is partly to have modern slavery all in one bill, but also to tighten the law around them and make the guidance easier for courts to understand.
Section 5 gives clear powers for police to seize vehicles, land sea or air, which could be or have been involved in modern slavery or human trafficking. Safeguards of course exist in the legislation, but it is right that such vehicles be taken away to ensure this cannot happen again.
Section 6 creates prevention orders. Courts will have the power to issue these prevention orders primarily to those who have already committed a modern slavery or human trafficking offence. These may include, for example, blocking someone from travelling abroad if it is likely they will commit offences abroad which would be illegal in England and Wales with regards to exploitation, modern slavery and human trafficking.
Section 7 is perhaps the longest section of the bill, but is actually a very simple concept. Businesses should not be using modern slavery in their supply chains. By shining a light on it, the public will know which businesses they buy from have it in its supply chain, and businesses will be able to move away from using them so that nobody is benefiting from this practice.
Section 8 ensures victims who may be forced into committing other crimes are not punished for it, with obvious reasonable safeguards in place.
Section 9 introduces new protection for victims involving giving evidence. Section 9(1) gives them assistance.
Finally Mr Deputy Speaker, Section 10 ensures there is a duty to notify the Secretary of State or relevant bodies once regulations are published where they believe modern slavery or human trafficking is taking place. This will ensure that public authorities will play their full part in the fight against these crimes.
This is a Bill which I have long been passionate about passing. Let’s give the Government and authorities the powers they need to tackle these crimes, whilst ensuring businesses and public authorities do their bit as well. I commend this bill to the House.
This division will end on the 5th of September at 10pm
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2020.09.01 22:57 zedd_gaskin1 Three Offseason Moves for Each Team

Undertaking a fairly large project here. The aim is to give each team a plausible trade, signing, and draft pick over the 2020 NBA offseason in order to boost each team's prospects in the upcoming 2020-2021 season. While I can't promise they all will be, I'll try and keep the trades as player-specific, rather than something like "Knicks trading up to draft Ball" or something like that.
I will also try (no promises) to do the trade in conjunction with one another. So it would ideally be proposed as 3-moves to make together, not 3 separate moves to make. Again, no promises, and I'll clarify if I'm suggest one as an alternative, but that will be the aim if I can find a pattern I like.
Also, some players listed in free agency signings do have player options, so we'll treat them all as possibilities to a certain degree. And also, just because your team's player is listed as a trade move for one team doesn't mean they are moving them, just that there either have been rumors they'd be available, or simply that the listed team would be interested in acquiring them.

Atlanta Hawks

Draft Pick: G/F Isaac Okoro, Auburn
With plenty of promising scorers, the Hawks should target Okoro to add to their defensive capacity on the wing. Okoro is a very selfless player, and would fit well into a lineup with Trae Young, John Collins and Clint Capela, amongst other promising young players. While ultimately, the Hawks may actually be best suited packaging this pick in a trade, if they stick at #6 overall, Okoro sure would be a good addition for Atlanta.
Signing: F JaMychal Green, Los Angeles Clippers
The Hawks have a few players who can fill minutes behind John Collins at the 4, such as De'Andre Hunter. But adding a clear backup for Collins would round the depth a bit cleaner. Insert JaMychal Green, a quality shooter (39% last season), who still be able to keep the post clear for Clint Capela, will giving Atlanta an excellent depth addition should he decline his player option in LAC and seek out a new opportunity.
Trade: G Victor Oladipo, Indiana Pacers
Oladipo would be interesting backcourt partner with Trae Young. In addition to being a high-caliber defender, Oladipo also has the ability to handle the ball when Young isn't on the court. While Indiana risks losing Oladipo down the road for nothing, shipping him off to the rising Hawks, who will be angling for a playoff run next season. Oladipo could be a big piece of that run, and perhaps even help them contend for more if returns to his All-Star form.

Boston Celtics

Draft Pick: F Patrick Williams, Florida State
The Celtics have one of the deepest rosters in the NBA, and selecting back at #13 overall means they'll really just be able to target the best player available. If Patrick Williams is available at 13 however, he should definitely be considered, as his versatility would help continue loading up the Celtics bench. And with Williams being a bit raw offensively, the Celtics can afford to take a chance on his upside and develop him under Brad Stevens further.
Signing: F Joe Harris, Brooklyn Nets
A 6'6 sharpshooter, Harris would be a fun add to the Celtics rotation. It may take some small moves to create the space for him, but adding the career 3-point marksman would fit in well with the versatile athletes around him like Jaylen Brown and Jayson Tatum, and help the second unit stretch the floor when he comes off the bench.
Trade: C Myles Turner, Indiana Pacers
Turner seems like he has been connected to the Celtics for a little while now, and it makes plenty of sense. The Pacers will likely be looking for players who fit better around Domantas Sabonis, and that could give an opportunity for the Celtics to move for Turner. Turner would fit well in the Celtics lineup at the center position, where right now the Celtics have some quality role players, but no star. By adding Turner, the Celtics would have one of the best all-around starting 5's in the entire league (Kemba-Smart-Brown-Tatum-Turner).

Brooklyn Nets

Draft Pick: G Josh Green, Arizona
Finding players who can work alongside Kyrie Irving and Kevin Durant will be key, and Green's defense and off-ball ability make him well suited to this role. Picking #19 overall will make it difficult to add an instant impact rotation, but Green would have a good chance to find minutes with his skill set.
Signing: C Aron Baynes, Phoenix Suns
Should the Nets see themselves dishing out C Jarrett Allen in a blockbuster trade for a third star (see below), then a backup center becomes a big priority for the Nets. The solution here is Baynes, a hard-working center who had a career season shooting the ball. He'd fit nicely behind DeAndre Jordan.
Trade: G Bradley Beal, Washington Wizards
If Beal is available, the Nets should be keen to add him to the mix. Able to offer the most enticing players to any blockbuster package (Spencer Dinwiddie, Caris LeVert, Jarrett Allen), the Nets could find their third star to pair with Kyrie Irving and Kevin Durant when the two return next season. Adding Beal to the mix would immediately vault the Nets all the way to Finals contenders, if the return of Durant and Irving themselves don't already accomplish that.

Chicago Bulls

Draft Pick: PG LaMelo Ball, Australia
If he's on the board at the #4 overall pick, the Bulls should be keen on bringing LaMelo in to the Windy City. Perhaps the Draft's best playmaker, he could fit well with scoring guards like Coby White and Zach LaVine, while operating a dangerous pick and pop with big guys like Markkanen. With the size and athleticism to match up well defensively, LaMelo's playmaking ability would help turn the Bulls into a legitimate playoff threat in 2020-2021. If LaMelo is off the board, the Bulls could go in several direction, perhaps even trading the pick if they find a suitable offer.
Signing: C Meyers Leonard, Portland Trail Blazers
The Bulls could use some depth in the frontcourt, and Leonard's range and 3-point ability make him a great player to add into a rotation that ranked in the bottom third of the league in their percentage from deep, and could potentially lose F Otto Porter if he opts out, one of their better marksmen. The question will likely be centered on how much money Leonard is aiming for, but if the numbers work, Leonard should be a serious target for Chicago.
Trade: C Joel Embiid, Philadelphia 76ers
Embiid may or may not be available, there have been reports going both ways. But if the former Jayhawk is on the block after the 76ers quick exit from the playoffs, then Chicago should be very interested in acquiring him, even if means shipping out Wendell Carter and some other assets. With Markkanen capable of spacing the floor (34.5% shooter from deep), an Embiid addition would give Chicago two versatile bigs, given Embiid's proficiency from deep as well (34.8%). But most importantly, he'd be a scoring machine that would be the focal point of a fun, versatile Bulls roster that could push into playoff contention quickly with him leading the way.

Cleveland Cavaliers

Draft Pick: F Obi Toppin, Dayton
With it almost assured that neither LaMelo Ball nor Anthony Edwards reaches Cleveland at #5, their hope should be in Toppin making his way past the Hornets and Bulls. A dynamic forward who excels in multiple facets of the game, he'd represent the best player available at this point in the draft, and an ideal addition for a talent-needy Cavaliers team. Whether replacing Kevin Love, or playing alongside him in looks, Toppin should stay in Ohio if at all possible.
Signing: F Derrick Jones Jr., Miami Heat
The Heat need cap space for upcoming extensions, so it's likely that Jones Jr, a versatile role player, will hit free agency. Cleveland is already reportedly interested, and it makes sense why. Providing quality defense on the wing, he's 23 years old, which fits Cleveland's rebuilding timeline, and should have time to round out and improve his offensive game (8.5 ppg, 28% from 3). The name of the game for the Cavs is to acquire talent, and Jones Jr. provides them with an intriguing piece with room to grow.
Trade: Moving Kevin Love for Assets
After landing a dynamic replacement for him, the Cavaliers are a team that doesn't necessarily have a specific player to target, but rather figure out what they could get for someone like Love, who shot 37% from deep last year. His salary could be problematic here, but even adding second round selections has proven useful for Cleveland (Kevin Porter Jr.).

Dallas Mavericks

Draft Pick: G Tyrese Maxey, Kentucky
Maxey may not be a lethal shooter by any means, but his defense should make him a desired player for a Mavericks team that could use a defensive stopper to pair with Luka Doncic down the role. Maxey brings athleticism, ability to finish at the rim, and a decent mid-range game to the table, which should be enough, along with his defense, to make a desirable player for Mark Cuban's Mavericks.
Signing: SF Bogdan Bogdanovic, Sacramento Kings
Limited to what they can make happen with the Mid Level Exception or in a sign-and-trade, the Mavericks should get creative and add Bogdan Bogdanovic to the roster. The 27-year old wing would fit right at home with Luka Doncic and Kristaps Porzingis, a high caliber shooter, especially on catch and shoot situations. If Sacramento doesn't believe they can fit Bogdanovic in with upcoming deals for Fox and Bagley, along with Hield potentially, landing some assets in a sign-and-trade would make sense. If no sign-and-trade, perhaps a 3&D wing like James Ennis (Orlando) could be an easier fit financially.
Trade: PF Aaron Gordon, Orlando Magic
Whether Kristaps Porzingis fills more time at the four or the five, finding a way to pair him and Gordon together in a frontcourt would be fun to watch. Gordon's resurgence for the Magic this past season was a large reason they managed to make it into the playoffs. His defensive versatility and 3-point ability would make him an ideal third star to pair with Luka and Kristaps.

Denver Nuggets

Draft Pick: F Jaden McDaniels, Washington
The Nuggets were patient in bringing along Michael Porter Jr., who has stepped up big time during the Bubble. And with several Nuggets wings likely to depart in free agency (Millsap, Torrey Craig), adding a high potential piece like McDaniels to develop and even rotate in behind Grant and Porter Jr. would give Denver the opportunity to take a chance on someone like McDaniels.
Signing: C Thon Maker, Detroit Pistons
If Plumlee is in fact priced out of a return to Denver, finding a suitable replacement at center will be important. While Bol Bol could claim that spot, it's not a certainty, and thus, adding a three-level scorer at the 5 would be a wise insurance policy for the Nuggets.
Trade: G Jrue Holiday, New Orleans Pelicans
A high caliber veteran on a rebuilding roster, Holiday could be a great partner to pair with Jamal Murray in the backcourt. Less costly than someone like Bradley Beal, Holiday would be a much more realistic third star to bring in. A lineup with Holiday-Murray-Porter Jr.-Nokic and whoever else you want in that fifth spot seems deadly. With Gary Harris and plenty of other assets available, the Nuggets could offer an intriguing package for Holiday.

Detroit Pistons

Draft Pick: G/F Devin Vassell, Florida State
This may break from the mock drafts a bit, which usually have the Pistons adding a point guard. However, Vassell could be an interesting piece for Detroit to select, especially considering that the top point guard in the draft (LaMelo Ball) will not likely be available for Detroit at #7 overall. Instead, Detroit adds a long 3&D piece that could fit nicely in between Luke Kennard and Sekou Doumbouya long-term. And as for a point guard. . .
Signing: PG Fred VanVleet, Toronto Raptors
Reuniting Dwane Casey and VanVleet seems like an ideal pairing, especially the major need Detroit has at point guard. With Blake Griffin still a high caliber player when healthy, adding a win-now veteran like VanVleet could perhaps boost Detroit all the way to the playoffs next season if Griffin is playing. And at 26-years old, he's both an instant impact veteran as well as a possible long-term solution at the position.
Trade: C Mo Bamba, Orlando Magic
The Pistons may have found themself something with C Christian Wood, who emerged as a quality option for them in the wake of the Drummond trade. However, Wood's emergence was a very small sample size, raising some questions over how much stock Detroit would put into it. Acquiring Bamba would give them another starting caliber option, who has proven himself as a decent player off the bench behind Vucevic if Wood does manage to build on his promising play.

Golden State Warriors:

Draft Pick: C James Wiseman, Memphis (kinda)
Should the Warriors not move this pick, Wiseman makes more sense than LaMelo Ball in terms of fit and need. Though both have questions of maturity and consistency, Wiseman's size and length would offer the Warriors a weapon they haven't really had alongside Steph Curry and Klay Thompson. If Wiseman can fit in the frontcourt with forward Draymond Green, and Golden State makes the pick, it should be Wiseman.
Signing: PG D.J. Augustin, Orland Magic
At 32-years old, Augustin likely won't command more than any of the exceptions that Golden State would be able to muster up. However, he still can make an impact, running the Warriors second unit when Curry and Thompson (both returning from injury) need a breather. A quality shooter as well (35%), Augustin to the Warriors makes plenty of sense as they attempt to return to their place at the top of the Western Conference.
Trade: PF John Collins, Atlanta Hawks
While the Warriors seem to be another team interested in acquiring All-Star G Bradley Beal, perhaps a move for John Collins would be more feasible. The beauty for Golden State is that they would likely be able to orchestrate this trade more along the lines of a pick swap than an outright deal using their #2 selection. If the Hawks are interested in pairing Trae Young and perhaps LaMelo Ball or Anthony Edwards, this could the way to get there. Collins' 3-point shooting and athleticism would make him a quality fit in Golden State.

Houston Rockets

Draft Pick: - - - No Selection in Upcoming Draft - - -
The Rockets could always try buying a second round pick to add someone like C Nick Richards (Kentucky) or F Paul Eboua (Italy), but for now, they do not possess a pick.
Signing: C DeMarcus Cousins, Los Angeles Lakers
The Rockets have found success operating without a center, but should look to find a big man or two who fits alongside Russell Westbrook and James Harden. Cousins' season was derailed by injuries, but his ability to stretch the floor as well as battle big men like Davis or Jokic in the West make him an appealing option for the Rockets.
Trade: F/C Kevin Love, Cleveland Cavaliers
Likely dependent on whether or not they made the signing above, the Rockets could also choose to trade for a big man to help stretch the floor. A decorated veteran, Love has plenty of experience playing with ball-handling stars, and so long as he continues to shoot a good clip from deep and rebound the ball, he'd be an invaluable piece for Houston as they attempt to win a title.

Indiana Pacers

Draft Pick: F Killian Tillie, Gonzaga
The Pacers do not posses a first round pick this year, so finding a useful rotational piece at #44 overall will be the challenge here. For the Pacers, finding a clean backup for Sabonis would be a welcome add. Tillie is a floor-stretcher at the four, hitting over 40% from deep every season at Gonzaga. Mixing him into the second unit with Doug McDermott on the wing and Gaga Bitadze at center should give the Pacers the depth they need to make a run.
Signing: G/F Kent Bazemore, Sacramento Kings
Should the Pacers decide to move Victor Oladipo before he departs in 2021 free agency, then adding a wing like Bazemore should help fill in the depth after Jeremy Lamb steps into Oladipo's spot. Bazemore saw his 3-point percentage climb after moving to Sacramento (38%), and if he's able to continue hitting at a quality rate like that, he'd be a valuable two-way wing that would be helpful for a hopeful contender like the Pacers.
Trade: G Bradley Beal, Washington Wizards
The Pacers have several very intriguing pieces that they could potentially move, notably G Victor Oladipo and C Myles Turner. Should they move Oladipo, perhaps using him as the centerpiece to a Bradley Beal piece would give Indiana a shot at the player who would most likely elevate their team beyond first-round playoff exits. Swapping Oladipo for Beal should be discussed if the Wizards find themselves willing to move Beal.

Los Angeles Clippers

Draft Pick: F/C Kaleb Wesson, Ohio State
If JaMychal Green departs, finding another power forward would make sense for the Clippers to look for. Picking so late in the draft, #57 overall, limits their options in terms of finding an immediate contributor. Rather, targeting someone more developed like Wesson would be their best bet of finding a contributor, though they could easily opt for someone with more raw potential. Either way, Wesson's 3-point ability makes him an interesting option to develop into a rotational piece.
Signing: F/C Marvin Williams, Milwaukee Bucks
While the most likely signings for the Clippers will revolve around internal free agents, notably Marcus Morris and Montrezl Harrell, they still will have a bit of room for a smaller addition like Williams. If Harrell does depart, the Clippers could use another big to add to the rotation, and Marvin Williams would be a quality small ball center option for any teams looking to contend for a title, like the Clippers.
Trade: G J.J. Redick, New Orleans Pelicans
The Clippers have a very deep roster already, but Redick is exactly what you'd want to bring in to bolster your chances of winning it all. An elite, established marksmen, his shooting off the bench would be a big plus, and the defensive-minded Clippers already can compensate for him on that end of the floor. If they can make the money work, reuniting Redick and LAC would make sense as they chase a title.

Los Angeles Lakers

Draft Pick: G/F Desmond Bane, TCU
Picking at #28 overall, the Lakers would be wise to target Bane here, as his crazy 3-point rate (43%) would make him an energizing option off of the bench. The Lakers have a handful of wings as well on expiring deals, and should they lose someone like Kentavious Caldwell-Pope, bringing in Bane to boost their mediocre 3-point numbers could help LeBron win another title.
Signing: C Bismack Biyombo, Charlotte Hornets
The Lakers have had DeMarcus Cousins, JaVale McGee, and Dwight Howard all on the roster in 2019-2020. McGee has an option for 2021, so the Lakers could see some turnover at the center position if any of the aforementioned don't want to run it back with LeBron and AD. If they need a new center, Biyombo's defensive chops would make him a good fit as a backup or rotational center to help the Lakers win a title.
Trade: PG Derrick Rose, Detroit Pistons
Ensuring that the Lakers can generate offense with their stars getting a breather is crucial for any contender. Derrick Rose may no longer be the star he was, but he's still a valuable piece off the bench, and would fit quite well leading the Lakers second unit, should Rajon Rondo decline his player option.

Miami Heat

Draft Pick: C Jalen Smith, Maryland
The Heat have found tons of success with Bam Adebayo at the five, but for a team as deep as Miami, bringing in a high potential big man like Jalen Smith could give them a fun piece to develop. A quality three point shooter already, ironing out his defensive inconsistencies would give the Heat a quality contributor with the #20 overall pick.
Signing: F Dario Saric, Phoenix Suns
With Adebayo more of a playmaking Energizer Bunny, bringing in another big who can play alongside Adebayo, or relieve him, would be wise. The Heat will likely focus on bringing back players from their current roster, which would likely take them out of the running for Danilo Gallinari, for example. Instead, Saric could provide the same style of play at a more affordable cost. And that's important because....
Trade: Nothing Big...for now
Miami has a claim to one of the deepest rosters in the league. Their system works and they have the financial flexibility and assets to go big game hunting. With a poor free agency market this year though, the Heat should hold tight for another season and take a shot at a superstar like Giannis Antetokounmpo, and then pair him (or whoever) with one of the stacked free agents on the docket (Kawhi, LeBron, Beal, Gobert, Paul, etc). Adding DeMar DeRozan right now may be tempting, but don't do it, hold tight...for now.

Milwaukee Bucks

Draft Pick: PG Devon Dotson, Kansas
With multiple guards on expiring contracts, the Bucks should aim for a guard capable of providing them minutes in the Draft. An absolute blur, Dotson is one of the most physically impressive prospects in the Draft, though he'll need to work on deep range shooting before pairing up with Giannis. For now, he'd be a fun piece to add off the bench, able to push the ball in transition opportunities.
Signing: F Joe Harris, Brooklyn Nets
With a physical freak like Giannis leading the charge, surrounding him with shooters is the best course of action, and Harris shoots incredibly well. The Bucks may need to get create to afford Harris, but if they can make the money work, they likely won't find anyone as impactful as Harris in their pursuit of an NBA title.
Trade: F Nemanja Bjelica, Sacramento Kings
Bjelica had a quality season for the Kings, and while they'd likely want to hang onto him, the Bucks should consider making a call and working something. A 6'10 big with fantastic floor stretching ability (42% from 3), he'd represent a significant upgrade from the older Ersan Ilyasova. All about adding shooters, and even relative upgrades should be considered if the Bucks can afford it.

Minnesota Timberwolves

Draft Pick: SG Anthony Edwards, Georgia
This is a fairly easy one, as the Timberwolves hold the top pick and will have their choice of player here. The most likely, and most logical, is Edwards, who would pair with D'Angelo Russell in a high upside backcourt in Minnesota. While not an elite shooter, Edwards finds plenty of ways to score, and should continue to do so in the NBA, as Russell and Karl Anthony Towns take up the most attention from opponents.
Signing: F/C Montrezl Harrell, Los Angeles Clippers
The Timberwolves could give themselves a defensive boost by bringing in Harrell, the reigning Sixth Man of the Year. Whether playing the four or five, Harrell would give the Timberwolves a high intensity option that can play alongside Karl-Anthony Towns or relieving him when he's off the floor.
Trade: G/F Josh Richardson, Philadelphia 76ers
If the 76ers do enter a fire-sale, the Timberwolves should put in a call for two-way wing Josh Richardson. Still only 26-years old, Richardson has plenty of upside for a relatively young team like the Timberwolves. Adding him to the mix would give them another capable weapon around their stars.

New Orleans Pelicans

Draft Pick: F Aaron Nesmith, Vanderbilt
A 3-point marksman to fill in on the wings would be the exactly the type of player to put around a playmaker like Zion Williamson. Nesmith's large wingspan (6'10) would be an asset as he develops into a top two-way wing, and doing so in New Orleans would be an excellent move for the Pelicans to pursue with the #13 overall selection.
Signing: PG Austin Rivers, Houston Rockets
If the Pelicans look to accumulate assets by moving Lonzo Ball or Jrue Holiday, than bringing a quality shooting point guard makes a lot of sense. Rivers shot 36% on 4 attempts per game in Houston, and showed the ability to play with more ball-dominant players in Russell Westbrook and James Harden, which would suit him well in a lineup featuring Zion Williamson. And at 28 years old, Rivers still has plenty of good years left in him as the Pelicans work towards contending status.
Trade: Whatever Assets They Can Get From Redick or Holiday
The Pelicans don't bring a specific target to mind, but rather as a team who should aim to accumulate assets. Gathering picks or promising young players would position them well to make a move for a bigger superstar down the road, one who, paired with Zion Williamson, would propel them into championship contention. And with both Redick and Jrue Holiday in town, the Pelicans have some intriguing pieces to dangle for teams looking to win now.

New York Knicks

Draft Pick: PG Tyrese Haliburton, Iowa State
Unless the Knicks trade up to acquire PG LaMelo Ball (which they are reportedly looking at), the Knicks should feel comfortable picking the best guard on the board at #8 overall, as there are several quality options. Haliburton, however, is the ideal target here, as he's a high IQ player with a good 3-point shot and excellent defense, he would fit Thibodeau's style pretty well, and presents less of a risk than Cole Anthony or Killian Hayes for example.
Signing: F Danilo Gallinari, Oklahoma City Thunder
With Mitchell Robinson not a shooting threat in the slightest, the Knicks should target someone who can stretch the floor from the four position. The best name available there is OKC's Danilo Gallinari, who nearly went to the Heat, but now is a free agent. Whoever the Knicks end up with at point guard will be well-aided by the floor stretching capacity of Gallinari, a 40% shooter the past two seasons.
Trade: PG Chris Paul, Oklahoma City Thunder
Another name out of OKC, the Knicks should feel no issues drafting a point guard and trading for Chris Paul. First and foremost, the Knicks need to rebuild a winning culture, and bringing in Paul and Tom Thibodeau are good first steps towards that end. Likewise, even if the Knicks do select a point guard in the draft, Paul has shown himself quite adept at sharing the floor with other ball-handlers, like he did in Houston with James Harden, and as he did this past year in OKC with Shai-Gilgeous Alexander and Dennis Schroeder. A great leader, player and mentor, Paul would help the Knicks build the right environment to end their playoff drought.

Oklahoma City Thunder

Draft Pick: C Isaiah Stewart, Washington
If the Thunder move Chris Paul and Danilo Gallinari walks, they could be in for a rebuild. Stewart may be raw and underdeveloped offensively, but at 19-years old, he has time to develop his offensive game. Meanwhile, his wingspan, strength and motor give him major upside as a defensive stopper in the post. With Nerlens Noel potentially departing OKC, there could even be minutes for Stewart to step into as a rookie and get his feet wet.
Signing: F Otto Porter, Chicago Bulls
The Thunder could possibly be losing their best shooter (Gallinari) and their best defender (Roberson). Finding someone who can provide a little bit of both could work for them, with Porter shooting 38% last year in Chicago. An easy fit in between OKC's high powered guard duo and center Steven Adams, Porter could serve as either a reinforcement for another playoff run, or a piece with some long-term upside.
Trade: F Nemanja Bjelica, Sacramento Kings
If the Thunder aren't able to retain Danilo Gallinari, perhaps bringing in Bjelica could give them a similar styled replacement. As mentioned already, Bjelica is a floor stretching forward (42% clip) that would put another dangerous shooter around Chris Paul and Shai Gilgeous Alexander.

Orlando Magic

Draft Pick: G Theo Maledon, France
The Magic need someone to boost their struggling offense, and Maledon's craftiness as a ball-handler and off-ball shooting ability (37% from deep) should peak the Magic's interest. While Markelle Fultz has rebuilt himself into a potential long-term point guard, Maledon should seamlessly fit in next to him, and even provide minutes backing him up when Fultz heads to the bench.
Signing: G Wesley Matthews, Milwaukee Bucks
If Evan Fournier opts in, the Magic won't have the money to add bigger names, but Matthews would fit in well after finding a role as a rotational two-way guard. And even if the Magic do see Fournier depart elsewhere, Matthews' veteran experience could help their young core figure things out.
Trade: G/F Caris LeVert, Brooklyn Nets
If the Nets have interest in bringing in Aaron Gordon to add to the Irving-Durant duo, the Magic should be intent on getting Caris LeVert shipped to them as part of the deal. Only 26 years old, Levert averaged 19 points per game while fueling a KD-less Nets team to the playoffs. A young core of Fultz, Levert, Isaac, and Bamba is a group that you can build around.

Philadelphia 76ers

Draft Pick: G Cassius Stanley, Duke
The 76ers could use guards and shooting, and with limited financial flexibility, may need to find it in the NBA Draft. Thus, Stanley to Philly, where his elite athleticism and quality range (36%), would be a welcome addition to the 76ers. If he's still on the board at #21 overall, Stanley would make plenty of sense for the 76ers.
Signing: PG Goran Dragic, Miami Heat
The 76ers management has said they intend to keep Simmons and Embiid together, but if they don't keep that intention, bringing in Dragic to run the offense could be the move to make. Still productive for the Heat at 33-years old, Dragic would likely pair with Embiid better than Simmons did, as indicated by his shooting ability (37%).
Trade: PG Chris Paul, Oklahoma City Thunder
Breaking the mold here, should the 76ers decide to move Simmons, but not bring in Dragic, perhaps a bigger move would solve the question better. While the Knicks are the one most often linked to a move for Paul, the 76ers may want to consider adding the veteran PG to the mix, especially if they decide to breakup the Simmons-Embiid duo, and ship Ben Simmons out. Paul's veteran experience and versatile game should make him a much better sidekick for Embiid than Simmons managed to be.

Phoenix Suns

Draft Pick: PG Kira Lewis Jr., Alabama
The Suns needs someone in the backcourt, preferably someone who can work with Devin Booker, and run the offense when he's off the floor. That someone could be Lewis Jr., who averaged 19 points per game at Alabama and was able to knock down over 36% of his threes over two seasons. Finding a quality playmaker to carry the load could give them the breakthrough they need.
Sigining: F Moe Harkless, Los Angeles Clippers
Current starting wing Mikal Bridges was a solid compliment to Booker and Ayton this past season, but adding some more depth, especially a defensive geared piece, would give the Suns some switchy wings who can help them slow opponents down in the playoffs next year. Harkless will be a fairly cheap way of doing so.
Trade: F Lauri Markkanen, Chicago Bulls
Putting Markkanen in an offense led by Devin Booker and DeAndre Ayton could give him the space he needs to regain some of the production he had earlier in Chicago. Able to shoot off the pick-and-pop, Markkanen won't need to crowd in on Ayton to be an effective piece to the Suns offense.

Portland Trail Blazers

Draft Pick: F Saddiq Bey, Villanova
With two picks in the first round (16 and 29), the Blazers will have the flexibility to fill multiple needs with the most talented players on the board. For that first selection, Bey would be a quality addition, giving the Blazers wing defense and reliable shooting. A second team unit featuring Trent, Little and Bey would be very versatile. Then, with that second first rounder, targeting a big man like Jalen Smith would be a quality Draft for the Blazers.
Signing: C Mason Plumlee, Denver Nuggets
With Hassan Whiteside hitting free agency, it's likely the Blazers could find themselves in need of a backup center if Whiteside is unwilling to accept a role as a backup. Thus, Mason Plumlee could be an option, as a veteran big with a quality motor who has been a serviceable option for Denver. Plumlee may not fill up the stat sheet, but in Game 6 of the Playoffs, made a direct impact for Denver with a handful of offensive rebounds and high energy. That kind of team player who work well for the Blazers rotation.
Trade: PG Patty Mills, San Antonio Spurs.
The Blazers have a quality starting lineup with Lillard-McCollum-Ariza-Collins/Melo-Nurkic. What they still could use is a backup point guard to help generate some points when Lillard takes a breather. Perhaps swinging a deal to bring in Patty Mills to an actual contender would be a good match. Mills currently backups Dejounte Murray in San Antonio, but his quality production and veteran leadership could be a boost for the Blazers.

Sacramento Kings

Draft Pick: G/F Devin Vassell, Florida State
With De'Aaron Fox running the point, the Kings need to surround him with shooters like Vassell. A 6'10 wingspan and 42% clip from deep, Vassell would be an ideal fit on the wing, and could help the Kings make the push into the playoffs by bolstering their offense and defense.
Signing: F Jerami Grant, Denver Nuggets
If Grant opts out of his deal in Denver, he'd give the Kings a two-way option at the 3 or 4, an excellent depth addition to add in rotation with Jabari Parker, Bjelica, and Harrison Barnes. And of course, important to note when playing with De'Aaron Fox, Grant has a quality shot from deep, hitting 39% for the Nuggets this season.
Trade: F Kyle Kuzma, Los Angeles Lakers
If the Kings are moving G Buddy Hield, then perhaps he could interest the Lakers, who would likely want to acquire a more high profile guard to compliment LeBron and Davis. Thus, a move for Kuzma could be in play, as he'd give the Kings a versatile wing to pair with Harrison Barnes. Kuzma would also compromise a promising young trio along with De'Aaron Fox and Marvin Bagley III.

San Antonio Spurs

Draft Pick: F Deni Avdija, Israel
If there's any team that should be angling to move up should Avdija slide, the Spurs would likely be one of them. An excellent distributing big wing, capable of giving the Spurs minutes at the 4, Avdija seems like a tailor made fit for a Gregg Popovich offensive system. Between his schematic fit and his upside, he'd be the ideal player for the Spurs to come away with on Draft day.
Signing: F/C Bobby Portis, New York Knicks
Portis has plenty of upside if he can get straightened out, and if anyone is going to get the most out of Portis and teach him to play in a system, it's Gregg Popovich. If he succeeds, the Spurs find themselves with an offensive forward who can score in multiple ways, or even another trade piece if they want to sell high. Either way, taking a gamble on Portis could pay off for a program needing a new direction.
Trade: As Many Picks as They Can Get
The Spurs run is over for now. They did well to bring in some fun pieces in the Kawhi trade, but the Spurs need to enter a rebuild or risk an extended play in no man's land. Selling on DeMar DeRozan, LaMarcus Aldridge, Rudy Gay, Patrick Mills, and Marco Belinelli should be the aim. Get picks, get promising young players, and set yourself up to rebuild quickly. If one of these guys can even help you move up and select Avdija, do it.

Toronto Raptors

Draft Pick: F Robert Woodard II, Mississippi State
An athletic forward with a good build, Woodard could be a steal if Toronto is able to land him at #29 overall. After taking a major leap in between his freshman year and sophomore year, Woodard developed an outside shot (43%). For a team that may not be able to retain Serge Ibaka, finding another big to provide some range on the outside would give them a quality replacement.
Signing: PG Austin Rivers, Houston Rockets
Should Toronto be unable to retain Fred VanVleet, finding a guard capable of picking up minutes at point guard and shooting guard would serve them well. Rivers may not the same caliber of VanVleet, but can provide the versatility needed, along with a quality enough shot from deep (36% in 2019-2020).
Trade: SG Luke Kennard, Detroit Pistons
Thinking outside the box here, if the Raptors aren't comfortable paying VanVleet the rate it'd take to retain him, perhaps a sign-and-trade for a team like Detroit could send them back something useful, rather than letting VanVleet walk entirely. A sharp shooting guard (40% over his career, Kennard could fit well in Toronto, either as a long-term solution, or a piece to flip as part of a package at the deadline for a bigger star post-Kawhi.

Utah Jazz

Draft Pick: C Aleksej Pokusevski, Serbia
A unicorn big-man, Pokusevski is a mobile center with fantastic height (7'0) and the ability to knock down shots beyond the arc (32% shooter). While he'll need to get bigger (only 205 lbs and lanky), he's still very young and should be able to develop into a starting caliber player down the road. And selecting at #23 overall, that's really what you're looking for.
Signing: G Langston Galloway, Detroit Pistons
While the main signing priorities for Utah will be re-signing Jordan Clarkson and extending Donovan Mitchell, the Jazz could also look to add another guard into the rotation, and Galloway's versatility and shooting make him an easy player to fit into any rotation.
Trade: PG Dennis Smith Jr., New York Knicks
The Jazz would have some quality offers if they did move C Rudy Gobert. But assuming they keep Gobert, the Jazz target someone to give their second unit a boost, especially as an aging Mike Conley drops off from the All-Star player he was. Smith looked much better earlier in his career, averaging around 15 points per game through his first three seasons. If he can recapture that, he could even play his way into the direct replacement for Conley.

Washington Wizards

Draft Pick: F Isaac Okoro, Auburn
This one makes more sense than a lot of these other picks, in my opinion. The Wizards are horrendous on the defensive end, and Okoro is the best wing defender in this year's Draft. Being able to lock up opposing team's top scorer will allow Beal and Wall to go to work on the offensive end, lightening their load a good deal.
Signing: F Moe Harkless, Los Angeles Clippers
Bringing in one defensive minded rookie won't solve the defensive woes of the Wizards. With not a ton of cap flexibility, the Wizards should aim for someone relatively cheap, who can fill a clear role, and help develop young players like Rui Hachimura. That someone would likely be Moe Harkless.
Trade: The Biggest Haul They Can Get for Beal
I know the Wizards have said they want to see what Beal and Wall can do next season, rather than moving Beal now. But I personally think that's a mistake, and that cashing in on Beal, and getting a jump start on the rebuild is the way to go. The Wall-Beal duo didn't accomplish anything before Wall tore his Achilles, and the longer they wait, the more likely they get screwed over. If they can land two of Caris LeVert, Spencer Dinwiddie, or Jarrett Allen from the Nets, I think that would be the best package, but the aim is less so a specific target than just hoard what they can get.


Anyways, this took a little while to put together, so I hope you don't totally hate it. Let me know if you agree, disagree, think someone would fit better!
submitted by zedd_gaskin1 to nba [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 18:08 TheNoHeart B1067 - Modern Slavery Bill - 2nd Reading

Modern Slavery Bill 2020

A
BILL
TO
Consolidate offences of modern slavery and human trafficking; introduce reparation orders to support victims of these crimes; give clearer powers for the seizure of vehicles involved in trafficking; introduce a prevention order to restrict actions that those convicted of human trafficking or modern slavery could take; ensure victims forced into committing crimes by virtue of human trafficking or modern slavery have protections in law; introduce reporting requirements for businesses to shine a light on this crime in supply chains; and connected purposes.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:–
1. Interpretations
(1) For the purposes of this Act-
“modern slavery and human trafficking” means conduct which commits an offence under:
(a) Section 59A of the Sexual Offences Act 2003
(b) Section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
(c) Section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003
(d) Section 47 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2003
(e) Section 2 and 3 of this Act
“hold a person in slavery or servitude” or to “require a person to perform forced or compulsory labour” are taken to mean the definitions contained within Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention.
(3) The Secretary of State may by regulation, amend legislation into Section 1(1) if they deem them to be materially similar crimes.
2. Slavery Offences
(1) Any person who—
(a) holds a person in slavery or servitude where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is held in slavery or servitude.
(b) requires a person to perform forced or compulsory labour where the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that this person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
shall be guilty of an offence
(2) In determining whether a person is being held in slavery, servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances, such as the person’ personal circumstances which may make the person more vulnerable.
(3) The consent of a person kept under the conditions listed in subsection (1) does not preclude the person from a determination that they are being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
3. Human trafficking and exploitation
(1) It is an offence to arrange or facilitate the travel of another person (“A”) with a view of A being exploited.
(2) It is irrelevant whether “A” has consented to travel.
(3) A person has committed an offence under subsection (1) only if—
(a) the person intends to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel, or
(b) the person knows or ought to know that another person plans or is likely to exploit A, whether in the United Kingdom or not, during or after the travel.
(3) For the purposes of this section, “travel” is taken to mean arriving, entering, departing or travelling within any country.
(4) For the purposes of this section, A is a victim of exploitation if —
(a) it involves the commission of an offence under section 1 of his Act, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(b) it involves the commission of an offence under—
(i) section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978, or
(ii) Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as it has effect in England or Wales, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(c) it involves the commission of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004, or would do so if it were to happen in England and Wales.
(d) A is subject to force, threats or deception designed to get A to—
(i) provide services of any kind;
(ii) provide another person with benefits of any kind, or;
(iii) enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind.
(e) another person has chosen “A” for a purpose within Section 3(4)(d) of this Act on the grounds that—
(i) they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and
(ii) that person would likely refuse to be used for that purpose if it was not for the fact they are a child, mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person.
4. Reparation Orders
(1) A reparation order is an order requiring the person against whom it is made to pay compensation to the victim of an offence under this Act for any harm resulting from that offence.
(2) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) that person has been convicted of an offence under Section 1 or 2, and
(b) a confiscation order is made against the person in respect of such an offence.
(3) The court may make a reparation order against a person if—
(a) a confiscation order has been made against a person in respect of an offence under Section 2 or 3 by virtue of Section 28 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and
(b) that person is later convicted of the offence.
(4) If the court considers that—
(a) it would be appropriate both to impose a fine and to make a reparation order, but
(b) the person has insufficient means to pay both of these things,
the court must give preference to the reparation order.
(5) Where the court has the power to make a reparation order but does not do so, the court must give reasons why this decision was made.
(6) In determining the amount to be paid by the person under a reparation order, the court must have regard to-
(a) the amount of work undertaken by the victim and how much they would ordinarily have earned from that work, or work they were previously employed at immediately before the exploitation began, and
(b) the toll the crime has taken on the physical and mental health of the victim.
(7) The court may decide that, due to Section 3(6)(b), the reparation order should be the value of Section 3(6)(a) multiplied by one, two or three.
(8) A reparation order and a compensation order under section 130 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 may not both be made in respect of the same offence.
(9) For the purposes of this Section, “the court” means—
(a) the Crown Court, or
(b) any magistrates court that has the power to make a confiscation order by virtue of an order under section 97 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
(10) For the purposes of this Section, a “confiscation order” means an order under Section 6 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
(11) Section 6 of the Immigration Act 2015 is hereby repealed.
5. Seizure of land vehicles, ships or aircraft
(1) The court may order the seizure of a vehicle used or intended to be used in connection with an offence under Section 2 if the convicted person—
(a) owned the land vehicle at the time the offence was committed;
(b) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which owned the vehicle;
(c) was at that time in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(d) was at that time a director, secretary or manager of a company which was in possession of the vehicle under a hire-purchase agreement;
(e) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, a charterer of it;
(f) was, in the case of a land vehicle, driving it in the course of the commission of the offence, or
(g) was, in the case of a ship or aircraft, committed the offence while acting as captain of it.
(2) Where a person who claims to have an interest in a vehicle applies to a court to make representations about its forfeiture, the court may not order its forfeiture without giving that person the opportunity to make representations.
(3) If a person has been arrested for an offence under Section 2, a vehicle may be temporarily detained—
(a) until a decision is taken as to whether or not to charge that person with the offence.
(b) if that person is charged, until that person is acquitted, the charges are dismissed or the proceedings are discontinued.
(c) if that person is convicted, until the court decides whether or not to order the forfeiture of the vehicle.
(4) For the purpose of this Section, a “vehicle” is taken to mean a land vehicle, aircraft or ship.
6. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Order
(1) A modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order prohibits the person for whom it is made against from doing anything described in that order which are necessary for the purpose of protecting persons or a particular person from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the defendant committed a model slavery or human trafficking offence.
(2) The order may prohibit someone from doing things inside or outside the United Kingdom.
(3) The order may prohibit foreign travel for a fixed period of not more than 5 years.
(a) If the court is satisfied it is necessary, this may be extended by a further 5 years an indefinite number of times.
(b) The court may order the surrender of a passport if all foreign travel is prohibited for a period of not more than 5 years, which may be renewed under Section 6(3)(a).
(4) The order may specify different periods of time for different prohibitions in the order.
(5) The court may make an interim order under this section until it has made a determination on the merits of a full order if it is deemed necessary for public good.
(5) The Secretary of State must, within 90 days of the passage of this Act, pass such regulations which are necessary to support the implementation of this section.
(a) These regulations must include guidance on the appeals process.
(b) These regulations must contain further guidance on factors the court must consider before granting an order in this section.
(7) A person who breaks a modern slavery and human trafficking prevention order, or knowingly facilitates someone doing that, commits an offence.
(a) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend into Section 6(7) any similar prevention orders under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland.
7. Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement
(1) A commercial organisation must prepare a “Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement” for each financial year.
(2) A statement under Section 2(1) of this Act should include:
(a) actions, if any, that they have taken in the financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in the supply chain of the commercial organisation or the commercial organisation itself;
(b) the policies of the commercial organisation towards modern slavery and human trafficking;
(c) the due dilligence process that the commercial organisation undertakes with regards to model slavery and human trafficking in its business or supply chain;
(d) which parts of the business or supply chain are at a high risk of seeing model slavery or human trafficking and what steps are taken to assess and manage this risk;
(e) how effective the commercial organisation has been in ensuring modern slavery and human trafficking is not taking place in its business or supply chain, and how effective it has been in taking action where it is found to be, and;
(f) how relevant staff are trained on identifying and dealing with modern slavery and human trafficking.
(3) A statement under section 2(1) must be
(a) approved by the board of directors (or equivalent) and signed by a director (or equivalent) if the organisation is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership.
(b) approved by the members and signed by a designated member if a limited liability partnership.
(c) approved and signed by a general partner if a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.
(d) approved and signed by a partner if any other kind of partnership
(4) A statement under section 7(1) must be published on a company’s website or, if not possible, provided in writing to anyone who makes a written request for a copy of the statement within 30 days.
(5) A statement must be published within 30 days of the end of the financial year.
(a) The first Section 7(1) statement need only be made 30 days after the end of the financial year for which this Act receives royal assent in.
(6) For the purposes of this Section, a “commercial organisation” is something which:
(a) supplies goods or services, and;
(b) has an annual total turnover of £12 million or more.
(3) For the purposes of this Section, “partnership” is taken to mean:
(a) a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890,
(b) a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907, or
(c) a firm formed under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.
8. Victims who commit an offence
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if—
(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,
(b) the person does that act because they are compelled to do so,
(c) the compulsion is attributable to modern slavery or human trafficking, and
(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.
(2) A person may be compelled by another, or by the person’s characteristics.
(3) Compulsion is attributable to slavery or to relevant exploitation if-
(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes an offence under this Act, o,
(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of slavery, or a victim of relevant exploitation.
(4) In this section, all references to an act include references to an omission.
9. Witnesses in criminal proceedings
(1) For the purposes of this section, “the Act” means The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999
(1) In Section 17(4) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(2) In Section 25(4)(a) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
(4) In Section 33(6)(d) of the Act, add after “section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004”, “or Section 1 and 2 of the Modern Slavery Act 2020,”.
10. Duty to notify the Secretary of State about suspected victims
(1) If a public authority has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery, they must notify the Secretary of State or, if regulations are made, anyone in those regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations issue guidance on who public authorities must notify.
11. Extent, Short Title and Commencement
(1) This act shall extend to—
(a) England and Wales in the case of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9.
(b) the United Kingdom in the case of Sections 6, 10 and 11.
(2) This act may be referred to as the Modern Slavery Act 2020.
(3) This act shall come into force the day after royal assent.
This Bill was written by The Rt. Honourable Sir Tommy2Boys KT KCB KBE CT LVO PC MSP MP, Secretary of State for Defence, and is cosponsored by The Rt. Honourable Sir MatthewHinton12345 KG GCMG MBE MP, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for the Home Department, on behalf of the 26th Government. This Bill is inspired in part by the Modern Slavery Act 2015
This reading will end on the 1st of September.
OPENING SPEECH
By Tommy2Boys
Mr Deputy Speaker
I rise today to present this comprehensive piece of legislation with regards to modern slavery and human trafficking. At the last election, my party stood on a manifesto which, in part, spoke about fighting issues just like this. In the year ending up to March 2019, over 5000 cases of modern slavery were recorded by police in the UK. This is clearly a problem in our country, and I am immensely proud that the first piece of legislation that this Government will present will go a long way in tackling this matter. I want to thank the Home Secretary for their support in crafting this legislation and the Justice Secretary also for his advice and guidance on it.
Section 2 and 3 introduce new, clearly defined definitions for the offences of modern slavery and human trafficking. Section 2(3) specifically means that even though someone may consent to it, that does not mean they are not a victim. This is important because someone may agree to something not being fully aware of what they signed up to, or not being aware that they are being exploited in the first place by what they have agreed. Section 3 also includes provisions that if exploitation is intended to be committed outside of England and Wales, the smuggling of the potential victim, whether consented or not, can still be a crime if the aim is to exploit them when they get to their destination.
Section 4 introduces reparation orders. These ensure victims of these horrific crimes will get fair compensation. This section repeals a part of the Immigraton Act 2015. The reason we have done this is partly to have modern slavery all in one bill, but also to tighten the law around them and make the guidance easier for courts to understand.
Section 5 gives clear powers for police to seize vehicles, land sea or air, which could be or have been involved in modern slavery or human trafficking. Safeguards of course exist in the legislation, but it is right that such vehicles be taken away to ensure this cannot happen again.
Section 6 creates prevention orders. Courts will have the power to issue these prevention orders primarily to those who have already committed a modern slavery or human trafficking offence. These may include, for example, blocking someone from travelling abroad if it is likely they will commit offences abroad which would be illegal in England and Wales with regards to exploitation, modern slavery and human trafficking.
Section 7 is perhaps the longest section of the bill, but is actually a very simple concept. Businesses should not be using modern slavery in their supply chains. By shining a light on it, the public will know which businesses they buy from have it in its supply chain, and businesses will be able to move away from using them so that nobody is benefiting from this practice.
Section 8 ensures victims who may be forced into committing other crimes are not punished for it, with obvious reasonable safeguards in place.
Section 9 introduces new protection for victims involving giving evidence. Section 9(1) gives them assistance.
Finally Mr Deputy Speaker, Section 10 ensures there is a duty to notify the Secretary of State or relevant bodies once regulations are published where they believe modern slavery or human trafficking is taking place. This will ensure that public authorities will play their full part in the fight against these crimes.
This is a Bill which I have long been passionate about passing. Let’s give the Government and authorities the powers they need to tackle these crimes, whilst ensuring businesses and public authorities do their bit as well. I commend this bill to the House.
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Sophie Dymoke's Life Partner's Matthew Goode: Interesting ...

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